Monday, May 16, 2022
HomeHandWhat Is The Cause Of Eczema On Hands

What Is The Cause Of Eczema On Hands

Mental Health And Dyshidrotic Eczema

Eczema | What Causes Eczema | Eczema Treatment

In addition to physical anguish, flare-ups of dyshidrotic eczema can lead to mental anguish. For those whose hands are affected, it is in a highly visible area that can’t be covered with clothing, so many patients feel ashamed or embarrassed about their skin, notes Lio. Also, severe cases can interfere with a person’s ability to work or carry out routine daily tasks involving hands or feet stressful situations brought on by a condition that itself is aggravated by stress.

Drink Plenty Of Water

Keeping your body hydrated can help keep your skin hydrated. Drink at least eight glasses of water per day. This will help moisturize your skin. Those eight glasses can include cups of tea, coffee, hot chocolate, or your other favorite warm winter beverage.

Slice up lemons or other citrus fruits and add them to the water for a mild flavor.

Treating Eczema On Hands

Major reason for eczema occurrence is when you dont moisturize your skin well and it begins to lose the protective covering that it has. Among majority of the patients, it is this particular reason for improper nourishment that eczema occurs. But with little self-care, you can treat this problem which becomes major illness when delayed treatment is given.

Your self-care for eczema on hands should include the following:

  • Diet rich in nutrition and essential fats
  • Proper nourishment and moisturizing of skin

Talking from the diet perspective for eczema on hands, you are surely missing on good food which has good fat and nutrition. This is the basic reason that most of health-related problems occur. What you eat and when do you eat is the golden rule for being healthy for lifetime and this has an added advantage as well you spend more on your diet and less on your medical bills!

So talking about the diet, you can include following tips in your daily regime to tackle eczema on hands:

This is all about how you can keep your skin healthier and this makes you fit for lifetime as well. Healthy food and daily routine not only keeps you fit but also prevents cell-aging which is a major cause for skin diseases and dryness.

Read Also: What Cream Can I Use For Eczema On My Face

Eczema Coping Tips Reducing Skin Irritation

People with eczema have sensitive skin. Irritants such as heat or detergents can easily trigger a bout of eczema.Suggestions for reducing skin irritation include:

  • Avoid overheating your skin. Wear several layers of clothing that you can remove, as required, instead of one heavy layer. Dont put too many blankets on your bed and avoid doonas.
  • Dont use perfumed bubble bath or bath products labelled medicated.
  • Wear soft, smooth materials next to your skin, preferably 100% cotton. Avoid scratchy materials, such as pure wool, polyester or acrylic. You could try a cotton and synthetic mix material this is fine for some people with eczema. Remove labels from clothing.
  • Always wear protective gloves when using any type of chemical or detergent. You may want to wear cotton gloves inside rubber or PVC gloves.
  • Avoid chlorinated pools. If you have to swim in a chlorinated pool, moisturise your skin well when you get out.

What Are The Treatments For Severe Hand Eczema

Hand atopic eczema : eczema

If your hand eczema is severe, discuss the possibility of a dermatology referral with your GP. The referral may be for diagnosing contact allergy or for treatment, which may include a short course of oral steroids or immunosuppressants . Alternatively, dermatology departments may recommend alitretinoin or phototherapy, as described below.

Don’t Miss: Uv Light Treatment For Eczema

General Tips For Coping With Eczema

Other tips to manage your eczema include:

  • Keep your fingernails short longer nails are more likely to injure your skin when you scratch.
  • If the water in your area is hard or alkaline, consider installing a water-softening device.
  • Swim in the sea in warm weather whenever you can seawater is known to reduce the symptoms of eczema.
  • Use sun exposure for limited periods for example, when swimming at the beach. This can help relieve eczema symptoms. But be aware that ultraviolet radiation is a risk factor for skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin. Also, if sun exposure causes overheating, this can also aggravate eczema.

A Painful Type Of Eczema But It Doesnt Have To Be That Way

Eczema can affect any part of the hands, from the palms and fingertips to the back of the hands, or all these areas simultaneously. Eczema is especially bothersome when it affects this highly sensitive, and more visible, part of the body. How can you get soothing relief? The first step is to determine whether it is linked to an allergy, an irritation or to atopic skin. Sometimes, a combination of these causes is responsible.

Also Check: Can Washing Dishes Cause Eczema

Try A Thick Moisturizer

If you have eczema, your skin requires a lot of moisturizing. Use thick moisturizers and apply them immediately after bathing or showering. Petroleum jelly is a good option. Lotions may not be as effective at treating winter eczema.

For painful, itchy flare-ups, you may also use a cream containing hydrocortisone or hydrocortisone acetate. You should talk to your doctor before using hydrocortisone or hydrocortisone acetate cream, though. Your doctor may also prescribe something stronger to curb your flare-up.

Make sure to moisturize your skin more than once per day.

Nummular Eczema Vs Ringworm

Eczema on Hands Causes, Types, Pictures, Symptoms, Treatment, Natural Remedy | Hand Dermatitis

As they progress, nummular eczema lesions can resemble another condition caused by the ringworm fungus.

Ringworm also tends to present itchy bumps that turn into round, itchy, and scaly patches with a clear center. They may look red or pink on lighter skin, or brown and gray on darker skin. Both types of lesions will be very itchy. Ringworm lesions tend to heal from the center first.

A dermatologist is a specialist trained in knowing the difference between these two conditions, and other conditions, like psoriasis, that have similar presentations.

Also Check: What Allergies Can Cause Eczema

Integrative And Complementary Approaches

There are many natural moisturizers that can be soothing, such as sunflower seed oil and coconut oil, says Lio. He adds that soaking in diluted apple cider vinegar or black tea can help to dry blisters. For milder cases, these can be enough to get people through, but usually if things are more severe, we often need more powerful treatments.

Research into the bathing remedies he mentions have had mixed results on people with related types of eczema.

A study published in January 2019 in the Journal of Dermatological Treatment studied 22 German people with facial eczema who received treatment with gauze compresses soaked in black tea, followed by cold cream, for six days. Though small, the study suggests this remedy led to significant decreases in itchiness and other symptoms, the researchers write.

On the other hand, another small study published in September 2019 in Pediatric Dermatology found that soaking skin in diluted apple cider vinegar up to the forearms led to irritation in 73 percent of the treated participants with atopic dermatitis and did not improve the condition of the skin barrier.

More on Complementary Eczema Treatments

Why Does Eczema Appear On The Hands

There can be a variety of reasons why eczema appears on the hands. For example, the hands can be affected by irritant or allergic contact dermatitis or both at the same time.

Coming into contact with irritants such as dust, detergents, cleaning agents, airborne sprays or even just frequent hand-washing can cause irritant hand eczema . The skin on the palms of the hands is much thicker than elsewhere on the body and is normally able to withstand a great deal of wear and tear. But in people who regularly immerse their hands in detergents or solvents, the protective barrier of the skin breaks down, and eczema may develop. People who have this form of hand eczema often have a history of eczema in childhood.

Allergic hand eczema arises as a result of an allergic reaction to a particular substance in the environment. It is possible to be allergic to a number of different substances, but common causes of contact sensitivity include nickel, fragrances, preservative chemicals, rubber and various plants, amongst other things. Once a persons immune system has identified a substance as harmful, they will react to the substance every time their skin is exposed to it, and this reaction becomes more severe on every exposure to the allergen.

When an allergic reaction of this kind is suspected, your GP should refer you to a dermatologist, who will normally perform patch tests to try to identify the allergic cause.

You May Like: Best Sheets For Eczema Sufferers

What Does Eczema On Hands Look Like

Eczema is usually characterized by red, scaly areas, bumps or thicker, leathery patches of skin. It is common to see eczema on fingers as well as fingertip eczema. You also may find eczema between fingers. Its like other skin conditions, like psoriasis. Since eczema is so easily confused with other skin conditions, you should consult with a dermatologist if youre unsure if youre suffering from eczema.

Common Types Of Eczema On Hands

Eczema Treatment

A few types of eczema can affect your hands, depending on the cause:

  • Irritant contact dermatitis happens when you come into contact with something that irritates your skin, like dust or chemicals. You might even get it after washing your hands a lot. These things can cause problems with the protective barrier of your skin, leading to eczema.
  • Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by an allergic reaction to something around you. Common causes include nickel, fragrances, rubber, and certain plants.
  • Dyshidrotic dermatitis causes itchy, watery blisters, usually on your palms and the sides of your fingers. You can have this along with a different kind of eczema in another spot on your body. It may come in cycles and is most common before age 40. Doctors arenĂ¢t sure what causes it. But things like metals, allergies, stress, heat, and sweating can make it worse.

Don’t Miss: Over The Counter Cream For Dyshidrotic Eczema

Treatment Includes Avoiding The Cause

As you can see from Marks story, finding the cause often takes time, detective work, and expertise.

But finding the cause is essential to get relief. Once you know whats causing the hand eczema, treatment can bring relief. Treatment includes avoid whats causing the hand eczema. To help your hands heal, your dermatologist may also include a moisturizer, barrier repair cream, or cortisone cream in your treatment plan.

A dermatologist can also tell you how to avoid whats causing your hand eczema.

Even if it seems unlikely that youll be able to avoid certain tasks like immersing your hands in water throughout the day or putting on a pair of latex gloves, a dermatologist can help. Dermatologists have developed strategies to help their patients continue to work while avoiding whats causing their hand eczema.

Sometimes, a few days off of work can be helpful. If you have severe hand eczema, more time off of work may be necessary.

With preventive measures and treatment, however, most people with hand dermatitis recover completely.

Determine What Type Of Eczema You Have

Are you wondering, “what causes eczema?” Various triggers can cause eczema on your hands and arms. Some of them include:

  • Making contact with irritants, such as detergents, dust, or cleaning agents
  • Allergic reaction to something in your environment

Knowing what type of eczema you have will help your physician create a tailored eczema treatment plan to address your issues. If they believe an allergen causes your eczema, they’ll likely recommend you get a patch test to identify what the allergen is.

Eczema on your arms and hands can also be genetic. For example, atopic dermatitis is caused by the following:

  • Environmental triggers
  • Genes
  • Dry skin

One of the best ways to treat eczema is to avoid what triggers it. Working with a qualified medical professional can help you determine the root cause of your eczema flareups.

Don’t Miss: What To Use For Eczema Around Eyes

What Is The Treatment For Hand Dermatitis

Patients with all forms of hand dermatitis should be most particular to:

  • Minimise contact with irritants even water
  • Use non-soap cleanser when washing hands, rinse carefully, and ensure hands are completely dry afterwards
  • Note that cream cleansers are not antimicrobial soap and water or a sanitiser is needed for washing hands in order to destroy pathogens such as the SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for COVID-19
  • Completely avoid allergens that have been identified by patch testing
  • Wear task-appropriate protective gloves
  • Apply thick emollients before work/school and reapply after washing or when the skin dries out .

Vinyl gloves are less likely than rubber gloves to cause allergic reactions.

  • They must be scrupulously clean and should have no holes.
  • They should not be worn for long periods.
  • Sweating under the gloves aggravates dermatitis.
  • Lined gloves or inner cotton gloves improve comfort.

Secondary bacterial infection may require an oral antibiotic, usually flucloxacillin.

Severe acute flares of hand dermatitis are treated with short course oral prednisone for 24 weeks.

Chronic intractable hand dermatitis may be treated with second-line agents such as azathioprine, methotrexate, ciclosporin, alitretinoin or .

What Are The Clinical Features Of Hand Dermatitis

Eczema Hands Treatment – My Hand Eczema Is More or Less Completely Gone! HAND ECZEMA

Hand dermatitis may affect the backs of the hands, the palms, or both. It can be very itchy, often with a burning sensation, and is sometimes painful. It has acute, relapsing, and chronic phases.

Acute hand dermatitis presents with:

  • Red macules, papules, and plaques
  • Swelling

Features of chronic hand dermatitis include:

  • Dryness and scale

There are various causes and clinical presentations of hand dermatitis.

Hand dermatitis

Don’t Miss: What Hand Soap To Use For Eczema

What Do The Ecz

Although dyshidrotic eczema involves limited areas of the body, it can have a big impact on patients, said Dr. Gil Yosipovitch, MD, professor and director of the Miami Itch Center at the Dr. Phillip Frost Department of Dermatology and Cutaneous Surgery at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine in Florida.

Unlike some forms of eczema, you dont usually cover it with clothes, so its visible to others. It can affect social interactions you may not want to shake hands, for example.

Its very common to see emotional stress induce or exacerbate this type of eczema, he added. A college student may be in the midst of exams, for example, and suddenly develop blistering at the fingertips.

  • National Eczema Association | 505 San Marin Drive, #B300 | Novato, CA 94945
  • 415-499-3474 or 800-818-7546

Role Of Skin Barrier And Genetics

Another factor which is required for normal functioning of the epidermis is proper control of skin proteases activity. SPINK is a protein that inhibits serine protease action in the skin. The SPINK gene is absent in Netherton’s syndrome. In this syndrome, the patient has severe atopic dermatitis, scaling, and raised serum IgE level. Lack of SPINK results in uncontrolled serine protease elastase-2 activity. Increased protease activity negatively alters filaggrin and lipid processing thereby decreasing skin barrier function.

An impaired expression of antimicrobial peptides such as cathelicidin and defensins was detected in lesional skin in patients with atopic dermatitis.

Detergents cause stratum corneum damage by removal of the surface lipid layer and increase TEWL leading to irritant contact dermatitis.

Stratum corneum chymotryptic enzyme is a serine protease, which has a role in the desquamation of skin via the proteolysis of desmosomes in the stratum corneum. An elevated expression of hK7 or SCCE in the epidermis leads to increased proteolytic activity, pathological desquamation, and inflammation in many skin diseases such as Netherton syndrome, psoriasis, and atopic dermatitis.

Recommended Reading: Best Products For Baby Eczema

Who Gets Hand Dermatitis

Hand dermatitis is common, especially in young adult females, and accounts for 2035% of all forms of dermatitis. It may occur at any age, including during childhood. It is particularly prevalent in people with a history of atopic dermatitis.

Chronic hand dermatitis is estimated to affect 1015% of the population .

Hand dermatitis is particularly common in industries involving wet work or exposure to chemicals such as cleaning, catering, metalwork, hairdressing, healthcare, housework, painting and mechanical work. This is mainly due to contact with irritants, but specific contact allergies can contribute .

Tips For Reducing Outbreaks

Eczema on the hands

Here are a few ways to prevent eczema flare-ups and manage symptoms:

  • Apply cool compresses to your skin, or take a colloidal oatmeal or baking soda bath to relieve the itch.
  • Moisturize your skin daily with a rich, oil-based cream or ointment to form a protective barrier against the elements. Apply the cream right after you get out of the shower or bath to seal in moisture.
  • After you bathe, gently blot your skin with a soft towel. Never rub.
  • Avoid scratching. You could cause an infection.
  • Use fragrance-free detergents, cleansers, makeup, and other skin care products.
  • Wear gloves and protective clothing whenever you handle chemicals.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes made from soft fibers, like cotton.

You should also avoid any known triggers.

Don’t Miss: African Black Soap Eczema Psoriasis Therapy Body Lotion

Trigger : Exposure To Allergens Or Irritants

Hand eczema is often caused or worsened by exposure to a substance thats irritating think alcohol, bleach, cleansers or solvents or one that causes an allergic reaction, such as perfume or certain plants. Florists often get dermatitis on their thumb and forefinger when clipping chrysanthemums and tulips . In the kitchen, vegetables particularly garlic and onion can lead to a flare-up, especially on the fingertips. Even fabric can exacerbate hand eczema. Rough, coarse materials such as wool and stiff synthetics such as polyester can trigger an itch-scratch cycle that worsens the condition.

How to dodge it: Pay attention to what sets off your eczema. Whether youre at home or on the job, learn what irritates your skin and avoid or limit contact with those things, advised Dr. OBrien. Use a washing machine, dishwasher, and food processor when possible and ask other family members for help with housework, cooking and gardening to give your hands a break. Protect your hands from irritants and allergens by wearing vinyl or cotton gloves while you do chores. Wear heavy-duty vinyl or neoprene gloves at work if youre exposed to triggers there. If the gloves you have irritate your skin, ask your dermatologist for recommendations.

RELATED ARTICLES

Most Popular