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What Are The 7 Different Types Of Eczema

What Triggers Eczema Vs Psoriasis


The triggers of eczema and psoriasis are nearly identical. Genetics, foods, medications, and stress levels can cause the skin conditions to flare up but it varies from person to person. âFor eczema, often environmental factors, like weather cosmetic products can trigger symptoms,â said Dr. Bhanusali. According to Dr. Vojdani, foods with large amounts of histamine, such as strawberries, are another common eczema trigger.

What Are The Symptoms Of Ad

Itching is the hallmark of AD, with some data showing that more than 85% of people with the condition experience this distressing symptom every day. Sore or painful skin and poor sleep caused by itching are also common.

People with AD can get rashes anywhere on the body that can ooze, weep fluid and bleed when scratched, making skin vulnerable to infection. Skin can become dry and discolored, and repeated scratching can cause thickening and hardening a process called lichenification.

Diagnosis Prevention And Treatment

Atopic dermatitis is diagnosed by a dermatologist based on family history and the physical appearance of your skin. A skin biopsy may also help confirm diagnosis.

Atopic dermatitis cannot be cured, but treatment can help decrease symptoms. This includes moisturizing the skin, managing stress, and avoiding triggers like irritating skin products, irritating clothing, extreme temperatures, and fragranced products. Topical treatment with steroids, crisaborole ointment, pimecrolimus cream, or coal tar can help reduce pain, redness, and itching.

For atopic dermatitis that does not respond to other treatments, or biologics like Dupixent or Adbry may be recommended. Phototherapy involves exposing the affected skin areas to ultraviolet light two to three times a week to promote skin healing. Dupilumab and tralokinumab-Idrm are monoclonal antibodies that work within the body to suppress inflammation and help improve redness and itching.

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How Is Dermatitis Treated

General principles are covered here. Specific management of specific types of dermatitis are detailed on the relevant pages.

  • Potential allergen identification and avoidance made on the basis of history e.g. hobbies, products used, and occupation. A patch test will confirm.
  • Potential irritant identification and avoidance avoid soaps, shower gels, dust, organic solvents, and drying/desiccating agents.
  • Protect the skin with personal protective equipment especially hand dermatitis, by the use of cotton gloves for dry work, and cotton with an occlusive glove appropriate to the suspected allergen or irritant.

What Is Contact Dermatitis

Brief Guidance on Different Types of Eczematous Dermatitis

Contact dermatitis happens when the skin becomes irritated or inflamed after coming in contact with a substance that triggers an allergic reaction. It bears some of the same symptoms as the six other types of eczema. But unlike atopic dermatitis the most common and difficult-to-treat form of eczema it doesnt run in families and isnt linked to other allergic conditions such as hay fever or asthma.

There are two main types of contact dermatitis: irritant and allergic.

  • Irritant contact dermatitis, which accounts for 80% of all contact dermatitis, doesnt involve an allergic reaction by the immune system. Instead, it happens when skin cells are damaged by exposure to irritating substances, such as solvents, detergents, soaps, bleach or nickel-containing jewelry. Makeup, hair dye, nickel-containing scissors, belt buckles or clothes with metal snaps or zippers can also trigger reactions as can over-washing hands with hot water and soap and wearing scratchy wool.
  • Allergic contact dermatitis is a delayed allergic reaction that appears as a rash a day or two after skin is exposed to an allergen. A common example is poison ivy. After exposure, the body generates a robust inflammatory reaction to the oils in the plant leading to an itchy rash within one to two days. Fragrances, nickel and the preservative thimerosal, which is found in some topical antibiotics, are also common causes of allergic contact dermatitis.

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Early Detection Of Psoriasis And Eczema Is Key

Depending on a wide variety of factors, treatments can be very similar for both conditions. Seeking proper treatment and taking good care of your skin will help limit symptoms. Hydration is extremely important, especially early on for patients with a family history. Increasing hydration will also help to control the itch, particularly with eczema. Various kinds of topical therapies can be highly successful as well.

âBe sure to establish a relationship with a primary care provider. See them regularly so they can observe skin changes and answer questions. Telehealth has been a huge help in terms of increased access to dermatologists and our ability to help more patients. Patients can send in a picture of a rash and get advice within 24 hours,â says Dr. Hayes. âI recommend patients see a dermatologist yearly to establish a good baseline. There are areas of your skin you cannot easily see, so itâs a good idea to have trained eyes on it with regular full-body skin exams. Include the skin in your regular health care maintenance, just like you would get your blood pressure checked or routine teeth cleaning. Early detection is key.â

Faqs On Types Of Eczema Answered By Your Doctors Online Team

How many types of eczema are there?

There are 7 types of eczema, including atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis, discoid eczema, dyshidrotic eczema, neurodermatitis, seborrheic dermatitis, and stasis dermatitis.

What is the best treatment for chronic eczema?

The management of chronic asthma depends on the symptoms. Emollients, topical steroids and oral steroids are some treatment options. However, long-term management largely depends on avoidance of factors that trigger a flare-up.

How does eczema start?

A mixture of environmental factors and genetics have been identified that cause one to develop eczema. For example, an individual with an overactive immune system may have a genetic predisposition and exposure to external irritants like smoke or chemicals in the environment can trigger an eczema flare.

How to treat eczema on feet?

Applying topical steroids and keeping the skin moisturised may help treat eczema on the feet.

Is dermatitis contagious?

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What Is The Main Cause Of Eczema

Scientists have not fully sorted out what causes eczema. It occurs for complex reasons that involve both genetic and environmental factors. One thing that is common to all the different types of eczema is that the immune system is overactive or disordered. A severe reaction to allergens and irritants triggers inflammation. The inflammation damages the normal, healthy skin barrier, causing dry skin, itching, and rashes.

Researchers have found that people with eczema, specifically atopic dermatitis, have a mutation in a specific gene. This gene codes for a protein called filaggrin which is responsible for maintaining a healthy skin barrier. In individuals with eczema, the gene mutation leads to defective filaggrin, which in turn causes rashes and infection-prone skin.

Lets Get The Basics On The Seven Different Types Of Eczema

Eczema vs. Psoriasis- What Your Skin May Be Telling You About Your Health

Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema, affecting more than 9.6 million children and 16.5 million adults in the United States. For complex reasons that researchers are still studying, the immune system becomes overactive, triggering inflammation that damages the skin barrier, leaving it dry and prone to itching, rashes and infection. AD is usually treated with moisturizing lotions, topic corticosteroids, non-steroidal topicals and biologics. Lifestyle changes to lower stress and ensure regular sleep and healthy dietary habits can also help.How to know if you have it: AD can appear anywhere on the body and at any time of life, but it often appears in childhood and tends to be chronic. It can be hereditary and it is more likely to happen to people who have asthma, hay fever and/or food allergy.

Contact dermatitisoccurs when your skin becomes irritated or inflamed in response to physical contact with an allergen unlike atopic dermatitis, contact dermatitis does not run in families and isnt associated with other allergic conditions such as asthma or allergic rhinitis. Standard treatments include topical steroids, as well as patch testing to determine the source of the allergen.How to know if you have it: Contact dermatitis can appear out of the blue and typically disappears when the allergen or irritant is removed. It usually occurs in the spot where your body comes into contact with the allergen or irritant.

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Tips For Managing Eczema

Dr. Browning explains to his patients that eczema is often a chronic condition that waxes and wanes. Emotional and physical triggers can set it off, so its key to be mindful of what those triggers are for you.

And eczema isnt just a condition that affects your skin. Managing and coping with eczema can take a toll on your mental health too. The chronicity of the itch-scratch cycle can lead to significant psychosocial impairmentnegative moods, poor social skills, sleep disturbances, and sexual dysfunction. For this reason, treatment is so vital, says Dr. Sodha. Here are a few more self-care tips to help you cope at home:

  • Keep your fingernails short to protect your skin from damage and infections.
  • Use a humidifier to add moisture to the air whenever heat or cool your home.
  • Wear loose and moisture-wicking clothing if youre prone to sweating.
  • Stash creams and gels in the fridge for cooling relief of inflamed skin.
  • Moisturize daily after bathing and apply moisturizer more frequently when seasonal weather dries out the skin.
  • Remove rings or snug-fitting bracelets while cleaning and washing your hands to keep irritants from getting trapped beneath.
  • Wash new clothes in an eczema-friendly detergent before wearing them.

Treating Psoriasis Vs Treating Eczema

While there are no cures for either disease, both eczema and psoriasis can fortunately be successfully treated with medication and other therapies. And some of the treatments work well for both conditions.

There is considerate overlap in how we treat eczema and psoriasis when it comes to topical treatments, says Golant. However, we have recently seen the FDA approval of a few novel, more targeted non-steroidal agents approved for both conditions, which is a very exciting development.

Corticosteroids, for example, have been used successfully to manage both eczema and psoriasis. These medications prescription or over-the-counter topical creams that are applied directly to the skin can suppress the immune system and ease the inflammation and irritation common to both diseases. And many OTC ointments and creams can be used by people with eczema and psoriasis to keep skin moisturized and healthy.

Other prescription medications, known as biologics or systemics, are specifically targeted to the causes of eczema and psoriasis. These may be pills taken orally, or they may be injections or intravenous infusions. Some, such as methotrexate, azathioprine, or cyclosporine, can be used for both diseases, but many of the newer medications are designed to target individual proteins involved in the immune response and are therefore specific to one disease or the other, but not both.

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What Does Eczema Look Like

Typically, eczema causes your skin to become dry, flaky and itchy during a flare-up, and it may become cracked or bleed if you scratch it a lot.

However, as there are different types of eczema, the causes for each type vary. You can also develop more than 1 type of eczema on the same part of your body.

Learning more about the type of eczema you have and what may have caused it is the first step to treating and managing it, so that it doesnt disrupt your daily life.

What Cures Eczema Fast


There is no cure for eczema. However, the symptoms can be managed to keep you comfortable and prevent flare-ups. It is highly recommended that you get the advice, diagnosis, or treatment of a dermatologist. A doctor can make the correct diagnosis and give you the appropriate treatment for different types of eczema.


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Tips To Prevent Eczema Flare

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Tips For Reducing Outbreaks

  • Apply cool compresses to your skin, or take a colloidal oatmeal or baking soda bath to relieve the itch.
  • Moisturize your skin daily with a rich, oil-based cream or ointment to form a protective barrier against the elements. Apply the cream right after you get out of the shower or bath to seal in moisture.
  • After you bathe, gently pat your skin with a soft towel. Never rub.
  • Avoid scratching. You could cause an infection.
  • Use fragrance-free detergents, cleansers, makeup, and other skin care products.
  • Wear gloves and protective clothing whenever you handle chemicals.
  • Wear loose-fitting clothes made from soft fibers, like cotton.

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Treatment Of Atopic Dermatitis

Unfortunately, atopic dermatitis does not have a cure. Topical steroid or non-steroidal creams are used in some treatments, however there are various natural approaches to assist reduce the symptoms.

If you’re seeking for natural eczema solutions for your infant, read our comprehensive parent’s guide, bathe your baby with extra care, and put them in soft, breathable clothing to help prevent flare-ups.

It’s also crucial to use a moisturiser formulated specifically for eczema-prone skin throughout the day and after bathing, such as Mustela’s Stelatopia Emollient Balm.

What Causes Pompholyx

Difference between atopic dermatitis and eczema – Dr. Rashmi Ravindra

However, it can also be triggered by stress or sweating — its more common during warmer months or in warmer climates. It cal also be an allergic reaction to a material or substance, such as shampoo, perfume, chemicals in cleaning products, make-up products or metals like nickel or cobalt.

Pompholyx can also be triggered by a fungal skin infection.

You should see a doctor if you think you have pompholyx. If your symptoms are severe or keep coming back, a doctor may refer you to a dermatologist for further treatment.

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Where They Show Up

Eczema often appears on parts of your body that bend, like your inner elbow or behind your knees. You can have it on your neck, wrists, and ankles. Babies sometimes get it on their chin, cheeks, scalp, chest, back, arms, and legs.

Psoriasis often shows up on places like your:

You may also have patches on other areas, such as:

  • Fingernails and toenails

Eczema usually results from things that irritate your skin, like:

  • Juices from produce or meats

Things that cause allergies can also set off eczema, like:

Infections can start up eczema, and so can stress, sweating, heat, humidity, and changes in your hormones.

Psoriasis shares some of these triggers, like stress and infection. But you can also get flare-ups when your skin is injured, for example by:

Some medications can also bring on a psoriasis flare, like lithium, which treats bipolar disorder, or drugs for malaria.

Are There Any Universal Triggers To All The Different Types Of Eczema

According to Dr. Lio, soaps and detergents can trigger almost anyone to flare up in the right context. I would also argue that stress is a fairly universal trigger, he added. Allergens are much more nuanced and individualized. Environmental stressors like heat and cold are fairly common, but not universal.

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An Overview Of The Different Types Of Eczema

Eczema is the name for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become itchy, inflamed and red in lighter skin tones or brown, purple, gray or ashen in darker skin tones. Eczema is very common. In fact, more than 31 million Americans have some form of this skin condition.

Eczema is not contagious. You cant catch it from someone else. While the exact cause of eczema is unknown, researchers do know that people who develop eczema do so because of a combination of genes and environmental triggers.

When an irritant or an allergen from outside or inside the body switches on the immune system, it produces inflammation. It is this inflammation that causes the symptoms common to most types of eczema. While it can sometimes be confused for other common conditions, such as hay fever, psoriasis, allergic reactions and poison ivy. It can affect anywhere on the body from the head to lower legs, hands and feet.

These common symptoms can range from itchy skin, crusting, inflamed skin and dry skin. More severe symptoms can include blisters, oozing clear fluid from flare-ups and scaly patches. Because eczema breaks down the skin barrier, folks with this condition have an increased risk for skin infections on patches of skin affected by eczema and other skin diseases.

There are seven different types of eczema:

  • National Eczema Association | 505 San Marin Drive, #B300 | Novato, CA 94945
  • 415-499-3474 or 800-818-7546

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How Do I Know If I Have Psoriasis Or Eczema


To an untrained eye, self-diagnosis of eczema and psoriasis is quite difficult. Both are inflammatory skin diseases with common symptoms. Eczema tends to be seen more in the younger population than psoriasis. Both can have a genetic predisposition, but more important factors for diagnosis include symptoms, what parts of the body are affected, and the patientâs symptoms.

âEczema is described as the itch that rashes,â explains Kristie Hayes, MD, Nebraska Medicine dermatologist. âItch is a more common presentation and chronic side effect of eczema. Psoriasis is much less itchy and where it appears on the body is different than eczema. Some patients may experience features of both. Early diagnosis is helpful for both psoriasis and eczema as both conditions can progress. Early steps and treatments mirror each other, depending on how much of the skin is involved and the patientâs age. Early control matters because it reduces the instances of secondary skin infection.â

Eczema can have an early onset and tends to present anywhere from infancy to 2 years of age, and in childhood from ages 2 to 10. Psoriasis tends to present later under the age of 21 and is less common in infants and children.

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