What Is Postinflammatoryhyperpigmentation
Postinflammatory pigmentation is temporary pigmentation that follows injury or inflammatory disorder of the skin . It is mostly observed in darker skin types . Postinflammatory pigmentation is also called acquired melanosis.
More severe injury results in postinflammatory hypopigmentation, which is usually permanent.
Other Types Of Eczema
Other types of eczema include:
- atopic eczema the most common type of eczema it often runs in families and is linked to other conditions, such as asthma and hay fever
- discoid eczema circular or oval patches of eczema on the skin
- varicose eczema this most often affects the lower legs it’s caused by problems with the flow of blood through the leg veins
Page last reviewed: 12 November 2019 Next review due: 12 November 2022
How Do I Manage My Eczema Symptoms
Treating and managing eczema can be difficult if the cause is something you cant control, like genetics. Fortunately, you may have some influence over your environment and stress levels. Do your best to figure out what triggers or worsens your eczema, and then avoid it. The goal is to reduce itching and discomfort and prevent infection and additional flare-ups.
Also Check: Newborn Has Eczema On Face
Topical Moisturizers Lotions And Creams
Several prescription and over-the-counter creams are available to help alleviate eczema symptoms and reduce scarring. Preparations with onion extract, aloe vera, vitamin E, honey, and green tea show mixed results for wound healing but are generally considered safe and may be beneficial for some people.
Various plant oils have been shown to improve the symptoms of atopic dermatitis and help protect the skin while it heals, potentially reducing the chance of scars. Promising ingredients for eczema may include:
Another common product for scar treatment is a skin-bleaching chemical called hydroquinone, which may reduce scar pigmentation. You can find hydroquinone in 2 percent concentrations over the counter, and higher potencies are available by prescription. When combined with a topical retinoid, hydroquinone is more effective. There are some health concerns about long-term use of hydroquinone, however. Its important to use hydroquinone with sunscreen, avoid contact with eyes, and discontinue use if your skin isnt tolerating it well.
If some scars are thicker or bumpy, topical silicone dioxide may help soften the skin.
References And Further Information
Skin Deep is a website that contains images of people with different skin tones to help patients and doctors better understand and describe symptoms of different skin conditions: .
The PDF document below shows what eczema can look like on different skin tones.
Read Also: How To Prevent Hand Eczema
What Causes Discoid Eczema
The cause of discoid eczema is unknown, although it is often accompanied by dry skin and is thought to be triggered by irritation of the skin.
Discoid eczema tends to affect adults and is rare in children. It is more common among men aged from 50 to 70 and women in their teens or twenties.
Some people with discoid eczema may also have other types of eczema, such as atopic eczema.
Read more about the causes of discoid eczema.
What Shape Are Eczema Scars
Eczema scarring can also appear different in shape from other scars, too. Many types of scar flatten out against the skin over time, but two other types of scar tend not to go through this process – hypertrophic scars and keloid scars.
Hypertrophic scars stay raised above the surrounding, unaffected skin, staying the same size and shape of the original wound to the skin.
Sometimes, they do flatten out over a number of years. Keloid scars also remain raised above the skin, but they become larger than the original wound and will never flatten out.
Don’t Miss: How Long Do Eczema Outbreaks Last
Keep The Skin Moisturized
When youre treating hyperpigmentation, your main goal is to lighten any dark spots. You can find over-the-counter products with ingredients that will even your skin tone. However, you should also look for creams and potions that contain hyaluronic acid or glycerin to infuse the skin with moisture. A product that lightens the skin but also contains retinol is also ideal for prompting cell turnover and give you a healthy glow. Following your skin treatments with a moisturizer that replenishes the fat barrier of your skin and protects you from UV rays.
Things To Avoid For Eczema Scars
Apple cider vinegar, or ACV, has antiseptic properties and is rich in vitamins and minerals. Its also able to remove dead skin cells when applied directly to the skin, since it has an exfoliating effect.
However, we don t recommend using it on the skin to help treat eczema scarring since it can be very harsh and can strip the skin of beneficial oils.
Recommended Reading: How To Get Rid Of Dyshidrotic Eczema Fast
How Do I Take Care Of Myself
Many people live with breast eczema. It can be challenging, though.
There may be times when your breast eczema disappears. These times are remission periods. The goal of a good skin care routine and treatment is to prevent flare-ups. Be sure to avoid anything that triggers your breast eczema, moisturize, take your medicine and follow your healthcare providers recommendations.
Reducing your stress is also very important in reducing breast eczema flare-ups. Try these tips:
- Count to 10 as you take a deep breath.
- Exercise daily.
- Drink caffeine and alcohol in moderation.
- Sleep eight hours a night.
- Eat healthy foods.
- Try to have a positive attitude.
- Journal every day.
Medical Treatments Or Eczema On Face
If the home remedies dont make any improvement of eczema on your face, then its understandable and advisable to try out medical treatment. First, visit a specialist or dermatologist before trying out any facial cream or procedure to deal with eczema. Here are the medical treatments of eczema on face:
Recommended Reading: Remedios Para Eczema En Bebes
Recommended Reading: Homeopathy For Eczema In Toddlers
Remedies To Improve Eczema Scarring
Treating eczema scars ranges in difficulty, depending on the severity. The key is to return moisture to prevent itching, lichenification, and cracking on your skin. There are a number of treatments available to improve symptoms and prevent scarring. In some cases, treatment can also help to reduce scarring.
Before pursuing alternative treatment, discuss the pros and cons with your doctor. While homeopathic remedies can help reduce symptoms, more severe cases of eczema may require traditional medical treatment.
How To Get Rid Of Scarring From Eczema
The severity of eczema scarring affects whether or not the scarring will go completely away or not. With the right products and changes in lifestyle to avoid triggers, its likely that light scarring will disappear over time. If scarring is dark and deep, however, the best option may be to simply lighten the scarring and use make-up to cover up the rest.
Recommended Reading: Is Pool Water Good For Eczema
Tips For Clearing Acne In Skin Of Color
How to treat acne in skin of color
For people with skin of color, acne is often accompanied by dark spots or patches called hyperpigmentation. Fortunately, there are plenty of things people with skin of color can do at home to help clear their acne, as well as the dark spots that linger afterwards.
The term skin of color refers to diverse skin types and complexions. It includes people of African, Asian, Latino, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Native American descent.
People who have skin of color share some common skin-care concerns. Near the top of this list is how to get rid of acne and the dark spots that often appear when acne clears.
The secret to seeing clearer skin lies in knowing what really works when it comes to treating darker skin types. Below youll find 10 tips that science shows can lead to clearer skin.
1. Treat both the acne and the dark spots.Many people seek a dermatologists help for the dark spots, which can last much longer than the acne. Its important to treat the acne, too. When you get rid of the acne, you eliminate whats causing the dark spots.
Acne and dark spots
Dermatologists recommend treating acne and dark spots at the same time.
Spots and patches of darker skin
Keloids, a type of raised scar
Do not pop pimples
If you pick, pop, or squeeze acne, you increase your risk of getting a scar.
Retinol: This can unclog pores and fade dark spots.
How To Get Rid Of Eczema Scars
At Levy Dermatology, we treat conditions both medical and aesthetic. Eczema can severely impact a persons quality of life, with its relentless itching and discolored skin. We offer methods that work with your type of eczema to control flare-ups and prevent new patches of discoloration from forming.
Also Check: How Can I Stop Eczema From Spreading
Choice Of Topical Corticosteroid
There are different strengths of topical corticosteroids that can be prescribed depending on the severity of your eczema. Discoid eczema usually needs a stronger type of corticosteroid than other types of eczema.
You might be prescribed a cream to be used on visible areas, such as face and hands, and an ointment to be used at night or for more severe flare-ups.
How Long Does It Take For Hyperpigmentation To Fade
Once whats causing the dark spots or patches is found and stopped, fading can take time. A spot that is a few shades darker than your natural skin color will usually fade within 6 to 12 months.
If the color lies deep in your skin, however, fading can take years. Discoloration that lies deep in the skin is often slate blue to gray in color. It may also be brown, but the brown is much darker than your natural skin color.
Treatment can speed up the fading of dark spots and patches.
Also Check: Does Coconut Oil Work For Eczema
Scratching Often Leads To Hyperpigmentation
Inflammation and scratching stimulate pigmentation. Simply scratching the skin, even without eczema, can cause brown patches, for example on the back. Eczema lichenificationthe thickening of the skin due to scratchingoften appears hyperpigmented on dark skin.
This hyperpigmentation is temporary and is gradually reduced with treatment.
We also observe on dark skin a particular form of lichenification comprised of, for example, isolated spots .
Eating For Skin Integrity
The nutrients you consume can play a vital role in promoting skin health from within, and well-nourished skin is more likely to heal faster and more completely. Vitamin C, zinc, and protein are essential nutrients that promote collagen repair and skin rebuilding. Oral vitamin E supplements are associated with skin benefits for atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema.
Also Check: Eczema In Ear Canal Treatment
Just Blend 2 Cups Of Oatmeal Until They Are A Fine Powder And Add To A Warm Bath
How to get rid of eczema scars on dark skin. Many different things cause trauma to the skin, ranging from injuries and accidents to skin conditions such as acne and eczema. Oatmeal not only soothes the skin, reducing the changes of accidental scratching, but is also a natural cleanser, great for reducing scars. To get rid of these, there are a number of options available.
If home remedies are not working, it is best to seek a. Owing to its antioxidant properties, chamomile can help fight scars whilst tightening the skin and improving complexion. Where one is doing early treatment of the scars, natural methods can get rid of them effectively.
He or she may be able to give you a prescription cream or ointment you can rub on your skin to help minimize scarring. Applying sunscreen before going outside protects the skin against harmful uv rays and also reduces the likelihood of dark spots developing. You can also try soaking your hands in saline solution to get rid of excess bacteria that may be aggravating the skin.
In addition to tar products, one can also use any doctor prescribed steroid creams to help manage their eczema. New treatment to remove keloid scars. People who have medium to darkly colored skin get dark spots and patches because something triggers their skin to make extra melanin, the substance that gives skin its color.
Skin Care Advice That Will Help At Any Age Dark spots on
Pin on Acne Scars Remedies
Dark Spots Skin care, Beauty care, Spots on face
Your Eczema May Not Disappear Completely But You Can Help Keep Your Skin Healthy
I emphasize to my patients that they shouldnt expect their symptoms to completely disappear once they start treatment. Its equally important to adopt lifestyle changes and to understand that, at baseline, most people with eczema have super dry and sensitive skin, even when the eczema isnt flaring. I want people to understand that there are things you can do every daygood days, medium days, and bad daysto keep your skin looking and feeling its best.
Also Check: Beginning Of Eczema On Hands
How Is Eczema Diagnosed
A healthcare provider will diagnose eczema after a physical exam, where they can take a close look at your skin. Most often, people receive an eczema diagnosis as a child, as its common among children, but a diagnosis can happen at any age when symptoms arise.
Symptoms of eczema can look similar to other conditions. Your provider might offer tests to rule out other conditions and confirm your diagnosis. Tests could include:
- Blood tests to check for causes of the rash that might be unrelated to dermatitis.
- A skin biopsy to distinguish one type of dermatitis from another.
Home Remedies To Avoid
People may wish to keep in mind that many of the home remedies that webpages recommend may have side effects or no evidence of effectiveness. Examples include lemon and apple cider vinegar. No studies back the claims that these treatments work.
In some cases, unproven treatments may aggravate the skin. For example, the American Society for Dermatological Surgery do not recommend lemon juice or abrasive scrubs, as these methods could make dark spots worse.
Some skin lightening products can do more harm than good. Many contain ingredients that can harm the skin or overall health, such as mercury or steroids. Applying these can cause pimples, rashes, and fragile skin over time.
A doctor or dermatologist can often work out the cause of dark spots on the skin by examining them and taking a medical history.
During a physical exam, the healthcare professional might perform a Woods lamp skin exam, where they view the spots through a special device that emits black light.
In some instances, specific characteristics of a spot might require more tests to make sure skin cancer is not causing the spot.
Anyone can develop dark spots on the skin. Certain risk factors appear to increase a persons chances including:
Also Check: Hand Fungus Or Eczema Treatment
Read Also: How To Get Rid Of Eczema On Knees
How To Treat Your Eczema Hyperpigmentation
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation left after Eczema, or hyperpigmentation caused by inflammation, is a type of dermatologic mark that affects the face and body.
This is usually a reaction to inflammation, especially caused by eczema.
Eczema is a syndrome, a set of clinical signs and symptoms that are common to many conditions, and may be associated with several inflammatory skin diseases. These diseases are characterized by itching , congestive redness of the skin and rash. If the condition is short-lived, blisters may be observed, whereas when it becomes chronic the skin may thicken. The portion of the affected skin may vary from a small area to the whole body.
- Lightenex® body lotion is excellent as it contains high strength skin Lighteners to lighten the dark patches left due to eczema flare-up.
The purpose of this article is to explain how a regular use of these products will treat your post eczema hyperpigmentation based on medical facts.
Hyperpigmentation occurs when external or internal factors generate increased melanin production. The skin is discolored, mostly on the areas most frequently exposed to the sun. There are several forms of hyperpigmentation, such as age spots , melasma and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation .
Eczema-related hyperpigmentation may appear as pimples or papules without significant importance or as more serious injuries. That being said, the greater the inflammation, the more the macule of hyperpigmentation will be visible
Other Skin Conditions That Cause Pigmentary Changes
Eczema is not the only condition that causes pigmentary changes: they can also be caused by various other skin conditions that someone may have alongside their eczema. Two other common pigmentary skin conditions are melasma and vitiligo, but there are many rarer conditions too. So, any form of pigmentary skin problems that cannot be explained by eczema should be assessed and investigated.
Recommended Reading: Eczema Keeping Me Up At Night
What Else Should I Know
If you live with eczema, tune in to what triggers it and how to manage it. For example, if you find that some types of makeup irritate your skin, ask a dermatologist to recommend brands that are less likely to do so.
Your self-esteem doesnt have to suffer because you have eczema, and neither does your social life! Getting involved in your school and extracurricular activities can be a great way to get your mind off the itch.
Dont forget to exercise. Its a great way to blow off stress try walking, bike riding, swimming, or another sport that keeps your skin cool and dry while you work out.
Read Also: Whats The Best Laundry Detergent For Eczema
How Does A Dermatologist Treat Dark Spots
The common treatment options include:
- Laser therapy, which uses laser rays to target melanin deposition and fade dark spots .
- Chemical peels, which involve the application of a chemical solution to the skin to exfoliate the surface layer, thereby helping lighten the dark spots .
- Microdermabrasion, which removes the outermost layer of the skin using a special device to promote collagen growth and reduce dark spots .
Read Also: Is Hydrocortisone Cream Good For Eczema