Know What Fabrics To Avoid With Eczema
To minimize eczema outbreaks and maximize comfort, you also must know which fabrics to avoid. Two that can be irritating are nylon and wool. Both have rough fibers that can feel prickly. In addition, some people are allergic to wool and experience itching and hives when wearing wool garments.
Eczema sufferers should also be cautious about clothing with embellishments like metal decorations. They may contain nickel, which can make the skin red and bumpy.
What Causes Textile Contact Dermatitis
Textile fibre can be natural, synthetic or a combination of the two materials. Natural fibres include silk, wool, cotton and linen. Synthetic or man-made fibres include rayon, nylon, polyester, rubber, fibreglass, and spandex. Although all fibres can cause irritant and allergic contact dermatitis, it is rare for them to cause allergic contact dermatitis.
Allergic skin reactions to clothing is most often a result of the formaldehyde finishing resins, dyes, glues, chemical additives and tanning agents used in processing the fabric or clothing. Cases of allergic contact dermatitis have been reported for the following fabric additives.
- Formaldehyde resins used in fabrics to make them wrinkle-resistant
- Para-phenylenediamine used in textile and fur dyes
- Azo and anthraquinone based dispersal dyes. These dyes are loosely bound to the fabric structure and can easily rub off onto the skin. They are rarely used in textiles nowadays
- Flame retardants
Other contact allergens that may be incorporated into the fabric of clothing and cause contact dermatitis include chrome, cobalt, latex and rubber accelerators.
Metallic fasteners and elastic in clothing can also cause contact dermatitis where they are in contact with skin. Metallic stud fasteners on blue jeans are a common cause of nickel dermatitis.
Wash New Fabrics Before First Use
New clothing can sometimes have a finish on it to make it more appealing at the store.
- Wash new clothing, bedding, and cloth napkins before you use them.
- Wash everything your baby comes into contact with before being used for the first time.
- Consider washing the clothes, bedding, and towels of the person with sensitive skin separately.
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Best Clothing Materials For Sensitive Skin
If youve got sensitive skin, or conditions like eczema or psoriasis, you know what a nightmare it can be to find clothing thats comfortable enough to wear all day, but also still looks sharp! If youre not sure where to start, check out these easy tricks for getting that fashion-forward look without making skin conditions worse.
Steer Clear Of Soaps And Scents
Your sensitive skin may be especially prone to flares in winter, so avoid exposure to any potentially irritating products.
In the summer, you may be able to tolerate antibacterial or deodorant soaps, but in the winter, you should switch to non-soap cleansers, Dr. Reichenberg says.
Look for products labeled face cleanser or body bar and avoid anything that has the word soap on the package. Even so-called natural soap products can be harsh on the skin, Reichenberg adds.
Fragrances can also irritate and dry out eczema-prone skin, so opt for fragrance-free skin-care items whenever possible.
The same goes for the things you use to wash your clothes: Look for fragrance- and dye-free laundry detergents.
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Its All About That Base
Its important to find clothes that fit well and provide room for air to flow. Boey and Dr. Brar both advised against tightly fitted garments that can cause itching and overheating. Regulating heat with appropriate clothing that isnt too thick is another important aspect of managing eczema. Dr. Brar said, Heat is such a big trigger for my patients with eczema. Boey recommended layering as the best way to ensure optimum comfort and avoid overheating. He recommends three layers: base, middle and outer.
He explained that the base layer is of utmost importance. This is the layer of clothing that comes in direct contact with the skin. Boey chooses soft clothing, usually made from Supima cotton, or Uniqlos HEATTECH material.
Boey said, The middle layer is where you can make your fashion statement. These garments should keep you warm, but should be comfortable enough in an indoor environment as well.
The outer layer should protect you from the biting cold of the outdoor winter weather, Boey said. He explained this can include coats, jackets or ponchos. He avoids turtlenecks or other garments with higher necks because they irritate his skin
How Different Materials Can Affect Your Atopic Dermatitis
Identifying the certain kinds of fabric and dye that irritate your skin may help to reduce the number of flares and help you better manage your AD symptoms.1 But donât forget that this may just be a âsticking plasterâ solution rather than dealing with the underlying causes. Fabrics you may want to keep an eye out for include:
- Rough textures like wool can inflame your AD, making the skin feel prickly and itchy1
- Synthetic, chemically produced fabrics like nylon can irritate your skin1
- Some of the dyes used in clothing and bedding can affect your AD1
Itâs a good idea to experiment to see which materials youâre most comfortable with.
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Put A Face Cloth In The Fridge
When you have red and irritated patches of eczema, keeping the area cool can help bring relief and reduce inflammation.
Having cool face cloths on standby in the fridge is an excellent trick for when flare-ups take hold.
Eczema is often intensified in hot weather , so I found stocking my fridge in the summer months really helped calm my condition.
Fabrics To Avoid With Eczema
People with eczema know the challenges and complications caused by the condition. They also know that making small changes to their daily life can lead to noticeable results with their skin and comfort.
One way to improve life with eczema is to modify the clothes you wear and the fabrics that come into contact with your skin. By changing what you wear, you can change the way you feel and limit the impact eczema has on your life.
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Protect Exposed Skin When Youre Outside
Hand eczema is common in winter and can cause deep cracks, peeling, and blisters on the tops of your hands, palms, and/or fingers, says Jeffrey Benabio, MD, a dermatologist with Kaiser Permanente in San Diego. He recommends wearing gloves whenever you head outdoors.
To protect your neck, face, and scalp, which can also be sensitive to the cold, grab a scarf and a hat on chilly days.
Be choosy about fabrics that will lie directly on your skin, cautions Paller, because certain materials can make eczema worse. Opt for soft, natural materials like cotton, bamboo, or merino wool, and avoid anything scratchy like coarse wool or polyester, which can be irritating and set off an itch-scratch cycle.
Chemicals At Work That Trigger Eczema
Eczema can be especially hard to manage if you have a job that requires wet work. Wet work is when your hands are constantly in contact with irritants or allergens. Examples include contractors, dishwashers, and hair stylists.
Chemicals you often come into contact with in these types of jobs include:
- Hair dyes and chemical solutions
- Paints, dyes, varnishes, and stains
Exposure to heavy metals, like copper, is another on-the-job hazard when you have severe eczema. Copper compounds affect people differently. Cadmium and lead are toxic and build up in the body over time. This can lead to changes in your immune system, triggering eczema and asthma. Exposure to cadmium during pregnancy is a risk factor for eczema in the baby.
What to do: Ask your doctor about the best barrier methods to protect your hands and lungs. If youâre constantly exposed to irritating chemicals or allergens, ask your employer for a chemical Safety Data Sheet. Along with testing, this information can help you and your doctor figure out which chemicals are at the top of the list to avoid.
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Fabrics To Experiment With
Having eczema may mean that all other fabrics are off-limits, but some people can tolerate other fabrics. If your success with cotton has been strong, you can try to branch out into other fabrics such as:
These fabrics can be 100% pure or blended with cotton. Rather than experimenting with a variety of new fabrics and textures all at once, try to find one new material and slowly integrate it into your wardrobe.
Textile Contact Dermatitis Polyester Eczema Irritation
One of the most common types of contact dermatitis is textile contact dermatitis, also referred to as clothing dermatitis. As the name suggests, it is an allergic reaction caused by wearing clothing or coming into contact with other fabrics.
Textile fiber is categorized as either natural, synthetic , or a combination of both. Natural fibers include cotton, silk, wool, and linen. Synthetic fibers include polyester, rayon, nylon, spandex, and fiberglass.
Chemical additives used in processing fabric include dyes, glues, tanning agents, and formaldehyde finishing resins. These chemicals are very harsh and nasty if you come in contact directly with them.
Keep in mind that the source of the reaction may not always be the specific textile fabrics but rather the chemical additives or detergent used in the processing of the fabric. For example, cotton is eczema-friendly, but many cotton clothes are treated heavily with chemicals and detergents before packaging and selling them. To lessen the amount of this chemical residue leftover on them, put new clothes in the wash before wearing them.
Textile contact dermatitis symptoms include redness, itchiness, and dry or bumpy skin, including itching in the genital region from irritating undergarments. If you suffer from any of these reactions, avoid wearing offending clothing or coming into contact with the offending substance.
See the below videos for more on contact dermatitis and how it can be trigger from a fabric like polyester:
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What Should I Do To Avoid Textile Contact Dermatitis
If you suffer from textile contact dermatitis the best way to prevent any problems is by avoiding all clothing or fabrics that contain the allergen you are sensitive to. Sometimes this will be difficult to do as textiles are treated with a concoction of chemicals and dyes that are not individually identified. Some steps you can take to reducing contact dermatitis reactions include:
- Wear clothing that is made out of natural fabrics such as cotton and linen
- Wear clothing that is light coloured as these will contain less dye
- Wear loose fitting clothing in hot/humid environments
- Avoid clothing that is labeled non-iron and dirt-repellent as it is likely these have been chemically treated
- Avoid clothing marked wash separately as this implies dyes easily bleed from the fabric
Your dermatologist may have further specific advice, particularly if you are highly sensitive to particular textile allergens.
What Are The Symptoms Of Textile Contact Dermatitis
Textile contact dermatitis is typically characterized by delayed reactions such as redness, scaling and itchiness. The symptoms may appear within hours of contact with the material, or sometimes a reaction may not be seen until days later.
The areas of the body most often affected are the crooks of the arm, backs of the knees, armpits, groin area and buttocks places that are in most contact with the clothing. In addition, the dermatitis may worsen with constant rubbing by the fabric against the skin and by sweating in hot/humid environments. Sometimes the friction from clothing can cause a condition called intertrigo. In some situations the rash can become secondarily infected with yeast or bacterialorganisms.
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Which Materials Should I Avoid
The fact is, rough fibres of certain fabrics can aggravate your symptoms.1This can lead to allergic reactions that cause the all-too-familiar itch-scratch cycle that can impact your quality of life, disturbing your sleep and making you feel self-conscious when youâre out and about.2-4And, of course, some fabrics can also make you sweat more, making things even worse.1 When you sweat, moisture evaporates to cool you down.5The downside of this is that your skin can dry out, leaving a salty residue that creates the itch.5 Whatâs more, changes in the nature of the sweat can disrupt the skin barrier and allergens can then enter the body, resulting in inflammation and making your AD worse.6
What Fabrics To Avoid For Eczema Sleepwear And Psoriasis Clothing
Fabrics of man-made fibers such as nylon, polyester, modacrylic fleece and naturally coarse wool fibers irritate the skin and can make eczema and psoriasis rashes incredibly hot and itchy. Similarly, although the anti-bacterial properties of Nano-silver coated or infused fibers would seem ideal for eczema, psoriasis and dermatitis sufferers given their inherent antimicrobial properties, fabrics made from these high tech fibers also tends to be very hot, as the silver minimizes heat loss and reflects energy back to the skin and for some sensitive skin people that suffer from contact dermatitis and metal allergies there can be also an allergic reaction to silver.
Cotton is soft and comfortable next to the skin if you have eczema, psoriasis or dry or sensitive skin but cotton tends to stick to open sores and rashes and will breed bacteria. Cotton is an absorbent fiber and can inadvertently wick away the skins natural moisture levels leaving it unnaturally dry and itchy and also reduce the efficacy of topical moisturizers and medications. And cotton is terrible for wet wrapping therapy a common moderate to severe eczema treatment because it gets soggy, heavy and sags out of shape. Dont be fooled – Organic Cotton only references the type of fertilizer and pesticides used in growing the cotton, not how the organic cotton was processed into yarns and how the constructed fabric was finished with chemicals.
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Best Fabrics For Eczema
If you should avoid synthetic materials and wool, what fabrics are safe?
The best fabrics for people with eczema are those that are soft, breathable, and natural, like cotton, silk, hemp, and linen. Use these guidelines when choosing any and all items that touch the skin directly or indirectly. This means that shirts, dresses, pants, hats, gloves, socks, towels, sheets, blankets, and any other items made of fabric should be soft, breathable, and natural.
A Review Of Clothing Materials And Their Effect On Eczematous Skin
Author: Dr Rupert Mason, GP & Clinical Assistant in DermatologyDate:
In a society seemingly obsessed with physical appearance, you could be excused for thinking that the sole purpose of clothes is to make a personal fashion statement. But for the adult or child suffering from eczema there is a lot more to clothes than what they look like. The feel of the fabric and its effect on the skin is crucial. The purpose of this article is to provide guidance on appropriate clothing next to the skin for those who suffer from eczema.
Eczema is a recurrent inflammation of the skin that tends to wax and wan. It is extremely itchy, and often associated with dryness and episodes of bacterial infection of the skin. Everyones skin has a moderate growth of bacteria, regardless of personal hygiene, and this normally causes no harm. In eczema one of the bacteria, called staphylococcus aureus, grows in large numbers and seems to act as an irritant to the skin. For this reason antibiotics are often used to keep eczema under control as well as moisturisers, steroids and the newer drugs that affect the immune system.
S. aureus is by no means the only aggravating factor in eczema. Others include the climate, stress, and chemicals. One potential irritant that is often overlooked is clothing. If you suffer from eczema, it is important to wear clothing next to the skin which at least does not aggravate the condition, and at best helps to control it.
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Are There Any Clothing Certifications Or Labels For Textiles
As a general rule, there are no federal regulations that are in place that will provide a stamp of approval, mentioned Sarkar. However, there are third-party companies that seek Oeko-Tex certification, which confirms ecological practices and safety of textile products in the supply chain.
Broadhead also mentioned a decade-long initiative to improve the fashion industry’s environmental choices. Launched through the Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals Foundation, the Roadmap to Zero Programme “aims to eliminate and replace hazardous and toxic chemicals used in the textiles and fashion industry. The certificates can also attest to socially and environmentally sound conditions in production facilities. According to their latest Impact Report, “30 brands, 114 value chain affiliates and 18 associates” involved in the textile, apparel, leather and footwear industry have joined this initiative effective May 2021.
While these organizations just solve the tip of the iceberg, companies are still pushing for a global definition of sustainability and the best fabrics for the skin. Here are several skin-friendly garments you can shop right now from some of your favorite brands.
Don’t Bundle Up Too Heavily
When it’s cold outside, it feels natural to want to throw on as many layers as possible. Unfortunately, bundling up too heavily could actually make your eczema symptoms worse. When you’re bundled up to guard against the cold, there’s a possibility that you’ll get sweaty. And when sweat stays on your skin for too long, there’s a good chance that it could irritate your eczema. If you plan on going outside while it’s cold, make sure you dress in layers so you can remove an article of clothing if necessary. It’s also a good idea to make sure your base layer is light and breathable. A cotton t-shirt is a good option for this.
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