How To Treat Neisseria Gonorrhoeae
The treatment of gonorrhea and its consequences has become more difficult with the emergence of antibiotic resistance. Very few of the newer varieties of Neisseria are sensitive to penicillin and so ceftriaxone is at present the most effective agent that we have. However, there is a decreased susceptibility to this drug and to azithromycin and the use of alternative drugs after sensitivity testing by the laboratory has become essential.
Any gynaecological issue that is interfering with your quality of life needs to be taken seriously. The number one aim of any gynaecological practice is to treat women holistically and by that we mean not concentrating on a single condition but thinking of the womans wellbeing overall.
It is also important to remember that some vulval skin disorders can be serious and if not treated adequately can result in chronic long-standing symptoms that become much more difficult to resolve. In some cases, this includes the development of precancerous skin lesions of the vulva, which need to be assessed at least 3 times a year. This is why aggressive early treatment is vital.
If you notice any changes with your condition you should alert your treating doctor and have your condition reviewed immediately.
Get in touch with the clinic and speak to one of our highly-experienced nurses who are here to assist you with all of your gynaecological health needs.
Stds That Cause Vaginal Burning & Itchiness
It is important also to recognise the value of using protective therapy such as condoms in cases where the presence of a sexually transmitted disease is suspected. In all cases, the partner needs to be treated effectively and both partners need to be screened post-treatment to ensure that they have been cleared of disease and that the treatment has been effective.
The most common STDs to cause vaginal burning and itchiness include:
How To Treat Genital Warts
In cases where there are numerous and large warts, ablation of the warts is the ideal treatment often performed under anesthetic or local anesthetic in a case where the warts are not numerous. The warts can also be burnt off using electrocautery, lasered off or excised. In addition to this, there are a number of chemicals that can be applied to remove genital warts, including, trichloroacetic acid and podophyllum resin.
You May Like: Why Does My Baby Have Eczema
Other Rashes In The Vaginal Area
Other conditions that may cause a rash in the vaginal area include:
- Scabies, which is an itchy skin condition caused by tiny mites that burrow into the outer layers of the skin.
- Pubic lice, which are small insects that live on humans and survive by feeding on blood.
- Yeast infection , which may cause a rash in the moist skin folds of the vaginal area.
- Psoriasis, which causes raised red or white patches topped with silvery, scaling skin. The patches are most common on the knees, elbows, scalp, tailbone, and back, but may appear anywhere on the body .
Also Check: Zinc Oxide For Eczema On Face
How To Treat Genital Herpes
The treatment of genital herpes is often done through antiviral therapy, which helps to reduce the duration of symptoms and the severity of symptoms. This treatment is especially useful in people who have frequent clinical recurrences and, in this case, antiviral therapy is used over a prolonged period of time. In the case of a primary attack the sooner the antiviral is used orally the more effective it will be in reducing the length of the attack and the severity of the attack.
Drugs such as acyclovir, famciclovir and valacyclovir can all be used as antiviral therapy. Women who have more than 12 attacks per year should consider going on long term prophylaxis using one of these antiviral therapies. This can have a significant impact on quality of life issues by substantially reducing the number of attacks.
Its important to note, that the treatment of genital herpes may shorten the attack and reduce the severity of the attacks but does not prevent the primary attack from occurring in the first place.
Read Also: Prescription Ear Drops For Eczema
Are Itchy Testicles Caused By Medical Conditions Or Poor Hygiene
The male private parts are, in general, a very sensitive area. This is why we are educated about genital hygiene. Excessive sweating in the groin area can cause an itch, and so can going for a few days without bathing.
However, other than that, some medical conditions are also responsible for the same. Below we are going to look at all possible causes of itchy testicles.
What Causes Vulvar Dermatitis
As well as resulting from an allergic reaction to irritants like scented soaps, washing detergent, clothing fabrics, spermicides, condoms, and hygiene products, vulvar dermatitis can also be caused by other skin conditions, bacterial infections, sexually transmitted infections, as well as hormonal medications.
Women with eczema or psoriasis, for example, can be more susceptible to vulvar dermatitis, to the point that they may have eczema or psoriasis on one part of the body and dermatitis around the vulva. A Yeast infection, bacterial vaginosis , and a sexually transmitted infection that alters the vaginal pH can also lead to vulvar dermatitis.
Hormonal medications like birth control pills, which can sometimes cause yeast infections can also be a culprit. Lastly, a rare form of cancer called vulvar cancer can be behind the persistent itching associated with vulvar dermatitis.
Read Also: How To Avoid Scratching Eczema
Cold Compress Or Ice Pack For Shaving Rash
It may help to put a cold compress around your vulval area for relief from shaving irritation. Placing a cold compress or ice pack on your vulva for 5 to 10 minutes can help relieve burning and itching by numbing the feeling.
What to do: Wrap an ice pack or bag of frozen peas in a tea towel and then apply to your vulva. Or run a soft, clean cloth under cold water and apply to your vulva. Applying moisturiser after shaving can also soothe your skin.
Home Remedies And Care Tips
In addition to your medication, there are some things you can do at home to keep yourself comfortable. Always talk to your doctor before you begin any at-home treatments like:
Gold Bond or Zeasorb Powder. You can sprinkle these on your underwear to control dampness. Donât use other forms of powder or cornstarch.
To get the best treatment outcome, follow these care instructions:
- Donât wash your vaginal area more than once a day. Only use cool water with or without a mild soap.
- Use unscented sanitary pads or tampons during your period.
- Donât have sex until you feel better.
- Try sleeping without any underwear.
- Wear looser clothing. Stay away from nylon or other fabrics that hold in heat and moisture.
Also Check: How To Treat Stubborn Eczema
Ways To Treat Vulvar Dermatitis At Home
Depending on the cause and severity, you might be able to treat a cause of vulvar dermatitis at home. Here are a few examples of conditions you might be able to self-manage.
Allergies to Products
If your symptoms developed after using a new product, you may have an allergy to it. If you stop using the product, your symptoms should get better in a week or two.
People who have previously had a yeast infection may recognize the symptoms and take steps to treat them on their own. Over-the-counter creams, ointments, suppositories, and anti-fungal medications can be used to treat and reduce the itching from yeast infection.
If your symptoms do not resolve within two weeks of treatment, the yeast infection keeps coming back, or you are concerned about your symptoms, talk to your doctor.
There are also several other home remedies that are not specific to one condition but might help you manage the symptoms of vulvar dermatitis:
- Use moisturizers or lubrication if your skin is dry.
- Wash your vaginal area about once a day with cool water and mild, nonirritating soap, and be sure to pat the area dry instead of rubbing.
- Apply anti-itch creams or ointments.
- Use a cold compress to ease irritation and inflammation.
- Take an OTC antihistamine or allergy medication.
Hormonal Imbalances Or Changes During Pregnancy
According to Dr. Anjali Mahto, consultant dermatologist, and British Skin Foundation spokesperson, Hormonal changes can cause flare-ups of eczema but the exact mechanism behind this is poorly understood. Usually, when certain hormones increase or decrease, flare-ups are noticed in some individuals. This is common during puberty, periods, pregnancy and menopause.
Hormonal disorders can also be affected by certain foods that increase the blood sugar level, certain medications or even underlying diseases.
Don’t Miss: Best Face Wash For Eczema Prone Skin
Will Vulvar Dermatitis Go Away On Its Own
Vulvar dermatitis may go away without medication, depending on the cause. If its caused by an allergic reaction or sensitivity, the symptoms will go away on their own after the irritant is removed.
If vulvar dermatitis is caused by an infection or skin condition, medication is usually needed to clear the infection or manage the symptoms.
Why Am I Itchy Down There
There are few things more uncomfortable than vaginal itching. Between the itch and irritation, many women also feel some embarrassment. Not all women find it easy to talk to someone about vaginal itching, but rest assured that theres nothing to be embarrassed about and finding the cause of your itching IS very important. Thats what our nurse practitioners are here for and qualified to help you with.
In most cases, vaginal itching isnt serious and likely from a treatable infection or even a reaction to a product. In rare cases though, vaginal itching is a sign of vulvar cancer, so seeing someone as soon as possible is importanteven if just to get some relief from that itching already!
Recommended Reading: Which Soap Is Good For Eczema
Eczema Coping Tips Beauty Products
Suggestions for using beauty products include:
- Remember that even hypoallergenic cosmetics can irritate your skin. Whenever possible, keep your face free of make-up.
- Avoid perfumes, fragranced skin lotions and strongly scented shampoos.
- When using a new cosmetic, try testing it first on a small, inconspicuous area of skin such as your forearm. If you experience a reaction, dont use the product again.
How To Treat Eczema On The Genital Region
First, you will need to eliminate the source of the allergy from your daily routine. However, you must look beyond simply the object or product in question, and avoid any exposure to the allergen itself.
In any case, it is recommended to consult your doctor, who can help identify the allergen and advise you on the products and objects to avoid. Your doctor will ask you several questions about your habits and will carry out allergy tests accordingly to determine the cause of the allergy.
They may also prescribe a topical corticosteroid to soothe itching .
Also Check: How To Clear Eczema On Hands
Don’t Miss: Ayurvedic Treatment For Eczema In Kerala
What Every Clinician Should Know
Vulvar pruritus is the most common symptom of skin disease. In evaluating vulvar pruritus, it is helpful to differentiate women with acute symptoms from those with chronic symptoms. Acute anogenital pruritus often is infectious, with allergic and irritant contact dermatitis playing a role in some cases. Genital infections such as trichomoniasis and cadidiasis as well as dermatitis should be considered in the differential. Chronic pruritus, in general, has a history of gradual onset, examples of which include lichen simplex chronicus as well as lichen scleroses, psoriasis and various manifestations of HPV-related disease.
Other Causes Of Itching
The list of potential causes of vaginal and vulval itching includes: dermatological conditions, such as Lichen sclerosus, Lichen planus, Lichen simplex chronicus, psoriasis, atopic dermatitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, corticosteroid dermatitis and cytologic vaginitis.
So its important to remember that prompt and correct diagnosis can reduce the consequences of these vaginal and vulval skin conditions.
On a side note, its also useful to consider having a screen for sexually transmitted infections such as Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorroheae, Mycoplasma genitalium and bacterial vaginosis, if vaginal discharge is a prominent symptom and if youve had sex without a condom.
Read Also: Topical Steroids For Eczema Over The Counter
How To Treat Utis
It is important in all cases of cystitis to get midstream urine to elucidate the actual organism involved and the laboratory will tell us what antibiotic kills that particular organism. The problem is that these organisms are becoming increasingly resistant to antibiotics, which is why a great deal of care is needed to choose an antibiotic that has a low incidence of side effects but is effective in eradicating the organism.
Occasionally urinary tract infections are recurrent, especially those associated with menopause or intercourse and in this case, it may be important to get an ultrasound or another x-ray procedure performed to outline the kidneys and bladder to ensure that there are no abnormalities leading to recurrent urinary tract infections.
These abnormalities include:
- Redness or soreness around the vulva
- Discomfort during intercourse
10% of cases of thrush are not due to Candida Albicans but are due to other Candida species. One of these and the most common is called Candida Glabrata often associated with a thin grey discharge, which is often associated with symptoms of vaginal irritation or discomfort.
How To Spot Early Symptoms Of Eczema Herpeticum
The first signs of eczema herpeticum occur about 5 to 12 days after exposure to HSV, says the AAD. At that point, it can be easy to think that changes in the skin are simply a particularly bad flare-up of eczema.
However, symptoms of eczema herpeticum which include painful red, purple, or black blisters tend to be more dramatic in appearance than eczema, says the NEA.
These blisters typically occur on the face and neck, but they can appear anywhere on the body where there is eczema and the skin has been in contact with the herpes virus.
In addition to a painful, blistery rash, eczema herpeticum can cause more general body-wide effects, says Sruthi Renati, MD, an assistant professor of dermatology at the University of MichiganMichigan Medicine in Ann Arbor.
Some patients develop high fevers, a general feeling of discomfort or feeling unwell, and enlarged lymph nodes, she explains. These symptoms often start as the blisters are appearing.
Due to the potential for severe complications, you should call your doctor or dermatologist right away if you or a family member who has eczema develop any of the following symptoms:
- A cluster of small, itchy, painful blisters
- Blisters that are around the same size and have a punched-out look
- Blisters that are red, purple, or black
- Crust that forms over older blisters
- Blisters that ooze pus when broken
- A cold sore above the upper lip
- High fever and chills
Read Also: Cotton Lined Gloves For Eczema
Why Is My Gynecologist Not Recognizing It As Vaginal Eczema
Because gynecologists arent trained to be dermatologists. It is really as simple as that. They lack training in diagnosing for skin-related conditions and instead will often try to find the diagnosis in relation to your sexual health.
What happens is that many women walk away with the diagnosis of vulvodynia , when in reality they are suffering from vaginal eczema.
Diagnosis Of Vulvar Conditions
Vulvar conditions can be diagnosed using a number of tests including:
- medical history
- swab tests to check for infections
Although it can feel awkward, it is important that you ask your health professional to examine your vulva if you have vulvar irritation, so that they can be sure to diagnose and treat your condition correctly.
Read Also: Best Body Exfoliator For Eczema
How Are Itchy Genitals Treated What Medicines May Relieve Itchy Genitals
The treatment for your itchy genitals depends on the cause. If you have eczema, your healthcare provider may prescribe steroid creams. Lichen sclerosus responds to phototherapy . Antifungal medications are often prescribed for jock itch. Your healthcare provider will diagnose you and recommend the best treatment.
Recommended Reading: Best Diapers For Eczema Baby
Is It An Sti Or Genital Eczema
Although the symptoms of genital eczema are similar to those of some sexually transmitted infections , there are some signs that an infection is to blame for the itching and irritation. If you notice any odor, discharge, bleeding, or signs of infection such as a fever or body aches, its more likely that you have an STI, not genital eczema.
Don’t Miss: Eczema On Fingers How To Treat
Ultraviolet Radiation Therapy For Eczema
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation can help reduce the symptoms of chronic eczema. Exposure under medical supervision can be carefully monitored with the use of specially designed cabinets the person stands naked in the cabinet and fluorescent tubes emit ultraviolet radiation.A person with stubborn eczema may need up to 30 sessions. The risks of unsupervised ultraviolet radiation therapy can be the same as for sunbathing faster ageing of the skin and greater risk of skin cancer.
How Is Eczema Herpeticum Diagnosed
Often, eczema herpeticum is recognised by its appearance, although it can sometimes be difficult to diagnose as it may be easily mistaken for bacterial infection or a severe flare of the eczema or predisposing skin condition. A viral and bacterial swab from one of the blisters may be taken to confirm the infection.
Recommended Reading: Oil Based Ointments For Eczema
You May Like: Eczema On Shoulders And Back