Whats The Difference Between Seborrheic Dermatitis And Psoriasis
Psoriasis and seborrheic dermatitis can mimic each other. Both are patches of red skin with flakes. Both can be found on your scalp and back.
Psoriasis is an inflammatory skin disease that affects 2% to 4% of the population. The scales of psoriasis are often thicker than that of seborrheic dermatitis. The edges of those scales are very well-defined. On the scalp, psoriasis scales are closer to a silver color than white or yellow.
There is a condition called sebopsoriasis where seborrheic dermatitis and psoriasis overlap. In that case you have the symptoms of both: both white flakes and silver flakes, both on the scalp or back, both itchy.
If youre concerned about whether you have psoriasis or seborrheic dermatitis, consult your healthcare provider. Treatment for one may not work as treatment for the other.
What Type Of Shampoo Is Best For Scalp Eczema
The best shampoo for scalp eczema is gentle and free of allergens or irritants that are contributing to their eczema, says Dr. Farber. You should avoid any ingredients that could be irritating and cause the inflammation on your scalp to get worse, like fragrance, harsh detergents like sodium lauryl sulfate, and methylisothiazolinone . Dr. Farber also notes that certain ingredients in hair dye, like paraphenylenediamine, can cause rashes for some.
What ingredients should you look for? For dry, compromised scalps, look for hydrating ingredients like glycerin, ceramides, and hyaluronic acid that can help keep your moisture barrier strong, says Dr. Farber, while itchy, inflamed scalps will do best with soothing aloe, chamomile, and oatmeal. Still, its important to note that some eczema cases will need more than just a gentle shampoo to get rid of itchiness and flakes: More severe eczema will often require a steroid or other prescription medication, says Dr. Farber, which brings us to
Use Tea Tree Oil Shampoo Daily
When trying to relieve the symptoms of scalp eczema, your go-to natural home remedy is a tea tree oil shampoo. This is because tea tree oil has antibacterial and antifungal properties that will effectively stop scalp flaking and itchiness. Look for a natural scalp therapy shampoo containing a potent formula of tea tree oil, sage, Arnica, and rosemary to deeply moisturize and condition the scalp. Natural shampoos contain zero harsh chemicals and are ideal for men, women, children, and even pets. This shampoo is for everyday use, especially for people with severe scalp eczema.
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Surprising Ways Parents Make Eczema Itchier
Some itch-relieving techniques that people use can make eczema itchier. To prevent this, dermatologists recommend that you avoid:
Telling your child to stop scratching: This rarely works and can leave your child feeling stressed. Stress can cause eczema to flare.
Using anti-itch products: This may seem strange, but anti-itch products often fail to relieve itchy eczema. To make matters worse, some contain ingredients that can cause eczema to flare. Only use an anti-itch product if your childs dermatologist recommends one.
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The Top Medications For Treating Eczema On Your Scalp
There is no cure for scalp eczema or seborrheic dermatitis, but medications can help reduce and prevent symptoms.
For example, you can usually treat irritation and an itchy scalp with a medicated, over-the-counter dandruff shampoo.
The chemical ingredients in these shampoos can help ease the inflammation and get rid of flaky, scaly skin when used two or three times a week. Look for these items:
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Natural Ways To Treat Seborrheic Dermatitis
1. Treat Itchy Dandruff/Scalp Dryness
Dandruff is very common in both adults and children. But this doesnt mean its entirely normal. Studies suggest that dandruff is really the overaccumulation of dead skin. Dandruff causes can include low immune function, reactions to the dry winter air, a vitamin-deficient diet and harsh chemicals found in things like chemical-heavy shampoos. Malassezia yeast lives on the scalps of most adults. In excess, it can cause more skin cells to grow and then to die and fall/flake off.
Common seborrheic dermatitis scalp treatments that you can try include:
- Applying a combination of hydrating coconut oil and essential oils to the scalp .
As described above, low immune function and high inflammation levels are at the root of most skin conditions. Skin irritations are often caused, or at least made worse, by chronic stress, depression, anxiety and fatigue. To improve overall immunity, try following these tips:
3. Reduce Intake of Inflammatory and Allergen Foods
To help keep inflammation as low as possible, its important to keep your diet as unprocessed as possible. Focus on eating whole foods. Minimize your intake of packaged and processed foods known to worsen autoimmune reactions and allergies, including:
- Added sugar and sweetened beverages.
- Processed oils like corn, soy, canola, safflower and sunflower oil.
5. Use Healing Coconut and Essential Oils
6. Take a Zinc Supplement
When To See A Healthcare Provider
If youre considering over the counter or prescription options, you will want to discuss the best path with a doctor. It might also be a good idea to discuss any lifestyle changes or skin and hair products with a healthcare provider before taking them.
You should also see your healthcare provider if you experience a severe flare-up or have worse symptoms than usual. In this case, your doctor can help you change your medication dose or switch to a different treatment option.
After talking to your healthcare provider, they may order a skin biopsy. This is when a small piece of your skin is removed in order to be studied in a lab. The skin biopsy can help your healthcare provider determine if this is seborrheic dermatitis or something else and the best treatment plan moving forward.
Whether they order a skin biopsy or not, it will most likely be useful to discuss your seborrheic dermatitis with your doctor. During an appointment, your healthcare provider might ask you:
- How long have you had symptoms? What are your current and past symptoms?
- What treatment options have you tried and how have they worked?
- What treatment options are covered by my insurance?
- How often should we meet to monitor my seborrheic dermatitis?
After your healthcare provider gathers the answers to these questions, examines the affected areas, and possibly orders a skin biopsy, they should have customized recommendations on how to create a treatment plan moving forward.
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Risk Factors And Triggers: What Are The Causes Of Eczema On The Scalp
Although the exact causes of eczema arent fully known, there are a number of risk factors and triggers that can increase your risk of developing scalp eczema or exacerbate the condition.
Here are the risk factors of scalp eczema:
- Neurological or psychiatric conditions
- Immune system conditions or weaknesses
- Stressful medical conditions
- Other existing skin conditions
Here are the triggers of scalp eczema:
- Harsh chemicals in products like soap, shampoo and conditioner
- Irritants in these products such as nickel or cobalt
- Exposure to something youre allergic to
- Medications such as psoralen , interferon, and lithium
- Extreme sweating
Scalp eczema may also be caused by an overproduction of sebum , which can encourage a natural skin fungus called Malassezia to multiply. This fungal overgrowth can cause the scalp to become irritated, which can lead to scalp eczema.
Types Of Eczema That Affect The Scalp
Seborrhoeic eczema is one of the most common types of eczema seen on the scalp and hairline. It can affect babies , children and adults. The skin appears red and scaly and there is often dandruff as well, which can vary in severity. There may also be a rash on other parts of the face, such as around the eyebrows, eyelids and sides of the nose. Seborrhoeic eczema can become infected. See the National Eczema Society factsheets on Adult seborrhoeic dermatitis and Infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis and cradle cap for more details.
Atopic eczema is another common type of eczema that can affect the scalp at all ages. The skin is red, dry and itchy and can easily become infected, especially if scratched and when there is broken skin.
Allergic contact dermatitis can develop as a result of your body reacting to a particular substance to which you are allergic. Everyday items that can cause allergic contact dermatitis on the scalp include the following:
- Hair shampoos, conditioners, gels, sprays and other hair products
- Hair dyes, perm solutions
See the National Eczema Society booklet on Contact dermatitis for more details.
Irritant contact dermatitis is a type of eczema that occurs when the skins surface is irritated by a substance that causes the skin to become dry, red and itchy. For example, shampoos, mousses, hair gels, hair spray, perm solution and fragrance can all cause irritant contact dermatitis. See the National Eczema Society booklet on Contact dermatitis for more details.
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What Causes Eczema In The Scalp
Scalp eczema is caused by many factors, including irritation from an ingredient in a product, hormones, stress, certain medications, sudden temperature drops, and dry air. All of this to say: Scalp eczema could be chocked-up to genetics, or something very out of your control, like the weather. But the fragrances, sulfates, and preservatives in your shampoos and hair products could be causing an allergic reaction , says Dr. Farber. If youve started using anything new recently, switch to a gentle, fragrance-free shampoo to soothe your scalp and eliminate the new product for two weeks while you determine what caused the reaction.
But before you start any treatments for persistent scalp eczema, get your scalp checked by a dermatologist if youre able to. You could actually be dealing with psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, or dandruffall of which require different treatment methods. Dr. Farber says your doctor can also do patch testing to determine which ingredients might be causing your irritation, aka less work and money for you on products thatll just make you itch.
What Causes Eczema On Head
Allergic contact dermatitis can develop as a result of your body reacting to a particular substance to which you are allergic. Everyday items that can cause allergic contact dermatitis on the scalp include the following: Hair shampoos, conditioners, gels, sprays and other hair products. Hair dyes, perm solutions.
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Avoid Trigger Foods The Cause Eczema
Its important to keep a food diary to try to identify any foods that aggravate your eczema symptoms and then eliminate them from your diet. You may also want to try the raw food diet as it was used to successfully get rid of eczema.
According to Dr. Tim Kenny on Patient.info, some of the most common trigger foods that make your eczema worse are cows milk, eggs, soy, wheat, peanuts, cheese, fish, chocolate, artificial food colors and tomatoes.
It might seem a long process if you go through every food, but the fact is that most people eat certain foods all the time. Start with those foods that you eat on a regular basis and by a process of elimination, try to find out which food triggers your itchy breakouts.
Precautions When Treating Seborrheic Dermatitis
Experts warn that because dermatitis tends to be chronic, patients should be made aware that seborrheic dermatitis is usually recurrent and that the condition may cause outbreaks of symptoms from time to time even after successful treatment. Rather than simply assuming your symptoms indicate seborrheic dermatitis, its important to visit a dermatologist to get an accurate diagnosis, since this helps with treatment.
Your doctor will be able to make a differential diagnosis between seborrheic dermatitis and other conditions like psoriasis, rosacea, Demodex dermatitis, atopic eczema, pityriasis versicolor, contact dermatitis and tinea infections. Knowing the specific type of skin condition you have, as well as what the underlying causes are, will keep symptoms from worsening or causing other untreated immune reactions.
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How To Get Rid Of Dyshidrotic Eczema
This not unusual shape of eczema produces small, itchy blisters on the rims of the palms, toes, palms, and soles of the ft, and is two times as not unusual in girls as its far in guys. stress, hypersensitive reactions , moist hands and ft, and get in touch with with nickel , cobalt , or chromium salts can be triggers of dyshidrotic eczema.
Medical doctors additionally can also check with dyshidrotic eczema as:
There are so many dyshidrotic eczema home remedies available out there, but the correct news is, in lots of instances its doable and prefer all kinds of the condition, it isnt contagious. You cannot capture dyshidrotic eczema from every other individual, or give it to someone else.
Causes And Risk Factors Of Dandruff
Dandruff can happen for a number of reasons.
Seborrheic dermatitisMalassezia globosa Journal of Medical ChemistryM. globosaExperimental Dermatology.Contact dermatitisDry skin
Almost anyone can have dandruff, but the following factors can make you more susceptible.
Shampooing habits For those who are already at risk for dandruff, washing infrequently can worsen the condition, says Dr. McMichael. Taking extended breaks can lead to a buildup of oil that can lead to dandruff.
Age Journal of Clinical and Investigative DermatologySex Weakened immune system Neurologic and psychiatric conditions History of other skin disordersOily skin
Oiling your scalp Certain oils applied to the scalp can cover the scale, but worsen the flaking and itching response, notes McMichael.
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When To Seek Medical Advice
See a GP if you have symptoms of atopic eczema. They’ll usually be able to diagnose atopic eczema by looking at your skin and asking questions, such as:
- whether the rash is itchy and where it appears
- when the symptoms first began
- whether it comes and goes over time
- whether there’s a history of atopic eczema in your family
- whether you have any other conditions, such as allergies or asthma
- whether something in your diet or lifestyle may be contributing to your symptoms
Typically, to be diagnosed with atopic eczema you should have had an itchy skin condition in the last 12 months and 3 or more of the following:
- visibly irritated red skin in the creases of your skin such as the insides of your elbows or behind your knees at the time of examination by a health professional
- a history of skin irritation occurring in the same areas mentioned above
- generally dry skin in the last 12 months
- a history of asthma or hay fever children under 4 must have an immediate relative, such as a parent, brother or sister, who has 1 of these conditions
- the condition started before the age of 2
One Last Thing About Scalp Eczema Treatment
Scalp eczema can be uncomfortable, but there are several over-the-counter solutions that can help relieve your symptoms.
But as always, consulting a professional can help you manage this skin condition. In particular, you may want to see a dermatologist to help identify the triggers for scalp eczema and get a prescription treatment if the remedies youve tried arent effective.
Importantly, see your dermatologist as soon as possible if your eczema-related skin patches drain fluid or pus, form crusts, or become very red or painful.
Additional reporting by Diana Rodriguez.
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Can Elimination Diets Help Treat Eczema
An elimination diet involves removing certain foods from your diet to help identify the cause of an allergic reaction or other food-related symptoms. Youll avoid a particular food or ingredient for a few weeks, and then monitor your skin for any changes.
If symptoms improve, slowly reintroduce the food into your diet over a few days. If symptoms return, youve likely found a trigger.
An elimination diet isnt only effective for eczema. Its also helpful for identifying foods that may trigger other conditions, like celiac disease, a gluten intolerance, a lactose intolerance, and irritable bowel syndrome.
Research suggests that people with specific food allergies may find some eczema relief by avoiding those foods. But there isnt much evidence showing that so-called elimination diets those in which people completely stop eating certain food groups are effective for eczema relief in general.
In 2008, researchers from the Cochrane Collaboration conducted a literature review to see if elimination diets had any effect on eczema symptoms. In eight of the nine studies reviewed, people with eczema who followed elimination diets showed little to no improvement in symptoms but these people werent tested for food allergies beforehand.
In the last study, babies known to have an allergic reaction to eggs experienced fewer eczema rashes after going on an egg-free diet.
How To Get Rid Of Eczema Scars Naturally
The main question that arises is that can eczema cause permanent scars on the body? So, nevertheless with a continuous skin care regime you can totally free your skin from scars. The dry skin associated with eczema can cause itching and scratching that can damage, break, and cause these scars on the skin.
These permanent marks can be a complication of eczema. If you do, these rashes may take longer to heal and you will be prone to develop an infection or scar. If there is a continuous itching then you must visit your doctor as all rashes may look alike to you, your doctor or a dermatologist knows the difference.
How to get rid of eczema scars is a common query that haunts people affected by eczema. If this chronic skin condition, Atopic Dermatitis, has been a big struggle and you fear it from relapsing, read further to gain insight of simple home remedies for eczema scars.
We have an infographic to save your time to offer you simple solutions for making your eczema prone skin beautiful again naturally.
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