What Does Scalp Eczema Look Like
When the eczema is caused by dandruff, you may have redness, scale and rough skin on your ears, behind your ears, in your eyebrows, and along your nose. Men will have it in the beard and mustache, too.
When the eczema is caused by atopic dermatitis , you may have itchy, red, rough, and scaly skin in the folds of your elbows and behind your knees. This type of eczema can involve your entire skin surface, too, depending on the severity of your eczema.
Allergic contact eczematous dermatitis of the scalp is an allergic reaction to hair care products so any portion of your skin that the offending product touches can be involved. Usually, this includes the back and sides of the neck and behind the ears.
Head And Shoulders Clinical Strength Intensive Itch Relief Shampoo
Stop itchiness and flakes with Head and Shoulders itch relief shampoo. The shampoo has an antifungal 1 percent selenium sulfide to help reduce irritation and control dandruff.
Use the foaming shampoo once a week and finish with a conditioner to prevent hair dryness. Many users claim to have a clean scalp and zero itchiness after use. In addition, it leaves hair pleasantly soft.
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What Causes Eczema In The Scalp
Scalp eczema is caused by many factors, including irritation from an ingredient in a product, hormones, stress, certain medications, sudden temperature drops, and dry air. All of this to say: Scalp eczema could be chocked-up to genetics, or something very out of your control, like the weather. But the fragrances, sulfates, and preservatives in your shampoos and hair products could be causing an allergic reaction , says Dr. Farber. If youve started using anything new recently, switch to a gentle, fragrance-free shampoo to soothe your scalp and eliminate the new product for two weeks while you determine what caused the reaction.
But before you start any treatments for persistent scalp eczema, get your scalp checked by a dermatologist if youre able to. You could actually be dealing with psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, or dandruffall of which require different treatment methods. Dr. Farber says your doctor can also do patch testing to determine which ingredients might be causing your irritation, aka less work and money for you on products thatll just make you itch.
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Known Treatments For Scalp Psoriasis
Scalp psoriasis treatment has been an ongoing and ever-changing option from store shelves to dermatologist recommendations. While the main advice is to avoid scratching and causing the scalp psoriasis to worsen and spread, there are multiple treatment choices that have been used for decades. Some of them are:
- Topical steroids still remain the top treatment for psoriasis conditions.
- Oral antihistamines, these can help relieve the histamine reaction that can occur when flare-ups occur.
- Over the counter topical creams, which can include corticosteroid creams, to help relieve the intensity of psoriasis temporarily.
- Lotions with mineral oil or petroleum to give the skin a boost of moisture and reduce the size of your psoriasis flare up.
- Anti-itch creams, ointments, sprays, and medication to stop the severity of itch caused by stress and psoriasis.
However, a lot of these treatments for scalp psoriasis are thick and gooey, which a lot of people are not thrilled about for day-to-day use. It can cause your hairline to become greasy quickly and create a generally unhappy appearance for the person dealing with their psoriasis.
For some of these treatments, one of the main ingredients is tar. It disturbed us too, learning that a remedy for a skin condition is something as toxic and unhealthy as tar. This is even an ingredient in cigarettes, therefore why would it be used to heal and relieve scalp psoriasis?
What Are The Types Of Eczema On Scalp
One form of scalp eczema, is a greasy, waxy scalp that doesnt seem to vanish simply by washing out hair. The waxy, non-scaly residue can first appear in a small patch and then develop around the entire head, causing severely greasy hair and a greasy scalp.
Although this type of eczema is similar to seborrheic dermatitis, redness and scales are not present.
To learn more about this type of scalp eczema, check out our founders blog post on her own greasy hair situation and find out what she used as a natural scalp eczema treatment: Waxy, Greasy Hair After Shower: A Surprising Form of Dermatitis.
The most common form of scalp eczema is seborrheic dermatitis. This form of eczema on scalp, generally seen in adults, is caused by a fungus. Eventually, this fungus grows and spreads, which in turn causes an oily, flaky scalp that can be uncomfortable or painful.
Although not proven, this condition might be linked to an abnormality of oil glands or hair follicles. It might also be caused by the production of hormones, fatigue, heavy drinking, stress and more.
To learn more about seborrheic dermatitis and how to manage it, make sure to check out our blog post: 4 Ways to Relieve Seborrheic Dermatitis.
Cradle cap in babies usually appears as a yellowish, patchy, greasy and often crusty skin rash. Although it can be unsightly, cradle cap is usually not uncomfortable or painful .
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Best Scalp Eczema Shampoos You Can Buy In The Uk
Medicated, over-the-counter shampoos can help to treat milder cases of scalp eczema. Here at The Independent Pharmacy, we offer a range of shampoos that are designed to treat scalp dryness and eczema, including:
These shampoos contain a variety of ingredients that work in different ways to treat eczema symptoms , so it may take a few attempts to find the right solution for you. Some may also not be suitable for you . If in doubt, speak to your doctor or a pharmacist to see which is best for you.
Suu Balm Rapid Itch Relief Spray Moisturiser
Suu Balm Rapid Itch Relief Spray Moisturiser is arguably one of the most popular eczema hair care products. It is expertly formulated by the National Skin Centre, Singapore to target various scalp conditions like eczema, dandruff, seborrheic dermatitis, dryness and itchy scalp. This water-based scalp spray moisturiser is enriched with essential ingredients, including linolenic acid for its anti-inflammatory properties and piroctone olamine, an antifungal compound that is proven ideal for sensitive skin. With its top-notch formulation, it delivers a cooling menthol that instantly soothes any irritated skin while hydrating the scalp intensely.
Why we love it:
- It features non-oily formulation that does not leave any greasy residue
- Free from parabens, steroids, drying alcohol and artificial fragrances
- Formulated by National Skin Centre, Singapore
Price: $19.90 and $38.90
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Avoid Bleaching The Roots
Something your hairdresser can do make the bleaching and dyeing process more comfortable is to not put the bleach or dye directly onto the scalp. I have often opted to not having my roots completely bleached out. And colors that are deeper like blue, purple, or green can work well with this, creating a deep ombre effect this if you have dark hair like me.
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Otc Medicines For Eczema
Over-the-counter eczema remedies are topical and oral medications you can buy without a prescription. You can find a range of OTC treatments that help with eczema symptoms such as itch, redness, irritation or rash. Other OTC treatments can help prevent flares and assist with sleep when night-time itch is keeping you awake.
Many OTC products are available in both brand-name or generic forms.
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What Causes Itchy Scalp
If you do not understand why you’re suffering from an itchy scalp, it would be difficult to erase the risk of developing the condition even after successfully treating it. Therefore, the knowledge of what causes an itchy scalp is very important.
Many conditions are responsible for your itchy scalp. They are:
Now, let’s break them down.
Serborrheic Dermatitis Scalp Or Scalp Eczema
Seborrheic dermatitis or dandruff is one of the most common type of eczema that makes the scalps skin, face and upper torso red, dry, itchy, scaly and flaky.
Similar to other types of eczema, Seborrheic dermatitis can be hard to manage and reveal an unattractive image. Continuous scratching of the scalp results in a dry and flaky skin that tends to cause an endless winter fall of dandruff. In worse conditions, the symptoms of eczema may aggravate resulting in tight skin or sores that weep and crust around.
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Other Types Of Eczema
The eczema you find on your scalp is a type called seborrheic dermatitis or seborrhoeic eczema. In infants, this is known as infantile seborrhoeic dermatitis but is also called seborrhoeic eczema or, more commonly, cradle cap.
Eczema is the collective name for a group of skin conditions that give the sufferer patches of itchy and dry rashes. Other types of eczema include:
- Atopic dermatitis: the most common form of eczema, it usually starts in childhood and tends to get milder or go away completely by adulthood.
- Contact dermatitis: occurs when your skin comes into contact with a particular substance or chemical which irritates it or causes an allergic reaction.
- Discoid eczema: a type of eczema that appears in disc-shaped or oval patches on the skin.
- Varicose eczema: this type of eczema is more common later in life, and most often affects the lower legs. It is caused by problems with blood flow through the veins.
- Dyshidrotic eczema : a type of eczema that causes small blisters to form across the feet and palms of the hands. More common in women.
There are other main types of eczema however, there are many different forms. If you think you may have eczema but you are unsure which form, you can always speak to your doctor.
One Last Thing About Scalp Eczema Treatment
Scalp eczema can be uncomfortable, but there are several over-the-counter solutions that can help relieve your symptoms.
But as always, consulting a professional can help you manage this skin condition. In particular, you may want to see a dermatologist to help identify the triggers for scalp eczema and get a prescription treatment if the remedies youve tried arent effective.
Importantly, see your dermatologist as soon as possible if your eczema-related skin patches drain fluid or pus, form crusts, or become very red or painful.
Additional reporting by Diana Rodriguez.
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Natural Ways To Treat Scalp Eczema
Its not uncommon to seek out natural solutions for skin conditions. Prescriptions come with side effects, and sometimes even over-the-counter products contain ingredients that make some people feel uncomfortable. Others simply like to use ingredients they are familiar with and try solutions that are as natural as possible. For that reason, there are plenty of at-home solutions for treating scalp eczema.
Lets take a look at a few of these home remedies for seborrheic dermatitis. If youre looking for quick relief without having to pick up a medicated solution, you might be able to find what you need in your own home.
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What Causes Scalp Eczema
In adults, scalp eczema can be caused by several internal and environmental factors. Internal factors include hormonal changes, stress, chronic disease and reactions to certain medications. External factors contributing to scalp eczema include fungal infections, seasonal climate changes and exposure to common irritants in hair care and skin care products .
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Tips For Preventing Flare
- Learn what factors may contribute to your scalp symptoms, and limit your contact or avoid them entirely.
- Wash your hair with warm not hot or cold water. Both hot and cold water can dry out your scalp and cause irritation.
- Use gentle shampoos, conditioners, styling creams, gels, and even hair dye. If you can, choose fragrance-free versions.
- If stress is a trigger, speak with a doctor about using stress-reduction techniques. This may mean breathing exercises, meditation, or journaling.
- Avoid scratching if youre having a flare-up. This can make your symptoms worse.
These Are The 7 Best Shampoos If You Have An Itchy Flaky Scalp Caused By Eczema
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- Eczema commonly occurs on the insides of elbows, behind the knees, and on hands, but it can also pop up on the scalp.
- Eczema on the scalp is called “seborrhoeic dermatitis” and it can leave skin dry, itchy, and flakey.
- A shampoo designed for dry skin can help alleviate irritation.
Typically we think of eczema affecting the hands, the insides of the elbows, and behind the knees, but another common area the skin condition is present in is the scalp. This is medically known as seborrhoeic dermatitis. “Dermatitis, literally meaning ‘inflammation of the skin’, is another word for eczema,” dermatologist Sharon Belmo, MD, told POPSUGAR. Seborrhoeic dermatitis is a common form of eczema affecting areas that are rich in sebaceous glands, such as the face and scalp, and it can affect any age. In babies, cradle cap is actually a form of seborrhoeic dermatitis.
When it comes to things to avoid, Dr. Seghers said it follows the same general rule as moisturizers: avoid perfume-smelling shampoos and opt for gentle formulations. She noted that some of her patients benefit from baby shampoos as they’re usually very gentle on the scalp.
Read on to shop some dermatologist-recommended shampoos specifically formulated for scalp eczema.
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Childs Farm Hand Wash For Mucky Mitts
Over the years I have tried and tested all kinds of face cleansers, shower gels and moisturisers to try to tame my eczema flare-ups. But Ive never thought of switching up my handwash until now. We wash our hands countless times every day, repeatedly stripping away our skins protective barrier with harsh fragrances, colours and foaming agents. Childs Farm is committed to developing fun and gentle products for eczema-prone skin that dont contain any parabens, SLS, mineral oils or artificial colours and their moisturiser from the same range recently went viral for its eczema-clearing powers. This hand wash with grapefruit and organic tea tree smells wonderfully refreshing and it leaves hands clean and moisturised.
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The Best Eczema Hair Loss Treatment
There is currently no cure for scalp eczema but there are ways to manage and control symptoms to prevent hair loss.
Protect your Head: Free of synthetic materials like polyester, nylon and nickel, this Remedywear balaclava for adults and kids protects the skin from unintentional scratching all day or night. Soft and comfortable, this is the perfect treatment for scalp eczema in babies, kids, and adults.
Control the Itch: Our Organic Aloe Vera for Eczema Skin Soothing Spray provides soothing relief for itchy skin anywhere on the body. In fact, its non-greasy formula makes it perfect for use on the scalp. Store in the refrigerator between uses for an extra-cool treat.
Try a Natural Shampoo: This super-fatted liquid soap by Emily Skin Soothers was specially formulated for eczema using the principles of Chinese medicine. With no added color or fragrance, its gentle and effective for babies and adults alike. Feel free to use it as a natural body wash or as a shampoo for eczema of the scalp or seborrheic dermatitis.
Wear a Hat: This Remedywear hat for adults and kids is made with eco-friendly TENCEL and embedded with anti-inflammatory zinc fibers to soothe itchy skin. Its perfect for wearing as an overnight treatment to protect the scalp from relentless scratching. The stretchy straps ensure a snug fit and the moisture-wicking sweat control makes it comfortable to wear all night long.
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How Do I Fix Eczema On My Scalp
To treat eczema on your scalp, you have two options: at-home treatments, like the shampoos above, or prescription treatments from your doctor. Eczema shampooideally spiked with salicylic acid to remove build-up and oil, or selenium sulfide to reduce flakingis the most effective treatment at home. But you can also opt for a gentle, medication-free shampoo if you have a more mild case of scalp eczema or just want to ward off flare-ups.
If your scalp eczema doesnt go away after a month of using over-the-counter medicated shampoos, your doctor may prescribe steroid treatments in either topical form or oral form . Basically, youve got options, and you dont need to deal with eczema on your own.
Does Scalp Eczema Prevent Hair Growth
Eczema causes uncontrollable itching, which can lead to damage to the scalp. If you continuously scratch your head until it bleeds, you risk damaging the hair follicles. This can make trying to grow your hair very difficult because you have to wait until the follicles are healed to see any results. It’s important to note the distinct differences between hair loss vs hair breakage. The hair shed you see from eczema is likely breakage caused by itching and irritation.
Any bald patches on your scalp or hair loss should be a temporary issue. Once your scalp eczema has cleared up, the hair should start growing again. To promote a healthy scalp and hair be sure to use a product that is designed for your specific African hair growth needs, like Allurium Beauty’s hair serum. Find out firsthand what makes it one of the best hair growth products for African American hair.
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