Who Does Keratosis Pilaris Affect
Keratosis pilaris is typically more common in babies, toddlers, children and teenagers, and it often worsens around puberty.
Youre more likely to have keratosis pilaris if someone in your family has it. As a result, healthcare providers and medical researchers believe that certain genetic traits may cause it.
Youre also more likely to have keratosis pilaris if you have:
- Fair or light skin.
An Overview Of The Different Types Of Eczema
Eczema is the name for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become itchy, inflamed and red in lighter skin tones or brown, purple, gray or ashen in darker skin tones. Eczema is very common. In fact, more than 31 million Americans have some form of this skin condition.
Eczema is not contagious. You cant catch it from someone else. While the exact cause of eczema is unknown, researchers do know that people who develop eczema do so because of a combination of genes and environmental triggers.
When an irritant or an allergen from outside or inside the body switches on the immune system, it produces inflammation. It is this inflammation that causes the symptoms common to most types of eczema. While it can sometimes be confused for other common conditions, such as hay fever, psoriasis, allergic reactions and poison ivy. It can affect anywhere on the body from the head to lower legs, hands and feet.
These common symptoms can range from itchy skin, crusting, inflamed skin and dry skin. More severe symptoms can include blisters, oozing clear fluid from flare-ups and scaly patches. Because eczema breaks down the skin barrier, folks with this condition have an increased risk for skin infections on patches of skin affected by eczema and other skin diseases.
There are seven different types of eczema:
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The AAD concurs that symptoms range from mild to debilitating. A severe flare on your feet can make walking difficult. Having many blisters on your hands can make it difficult to work and perform everyday tasks like shampooing your hair and washing dishes, according to the organization.
Constant scratching also tears the skin, increasing the risk of skin infection. According to the AAD, a staph infection may result. Signs of a staph infection include the development of pus in blisters, pain, swelling, and crusting. Usually skin staph infections are mild, but if they are left untreated and the bacteria enter your bloodstream or other organs, life-threatening complications such as could result, according to Penn Medicine.
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How Can Parents Help
Help prevent or treat eczema by keeping your child’s skin from getting dry or itchy and avoiding triggers that cause flare-ups. Try these suggestions:
- Kids should take short baths or showers in warm water. Use mild unscented soaps or non-soap cleansers and pat the skin dry before putting on cream or ointment. Teens should use unscented makeup and oil-free facial moisturizers.
- Ask your doctor if it’s OK to use oatmeal soaking products in the bath to help control itching.
- Kids should wear soft clothes that “breathe,” such as those made from cotton. Wool or polyester may be too harsh or irritating.
- Keep your child’s fingernails short to prevent skin damage from scratching. Try having your child wear comfortable, light gloves to bed if scratching at night is a problem.
- Kids should avoid becoming overheated, which can lead to flare-ups.
- Kids should drink plenty of water, which adds moisture to the skin.
- Get rid of known allergens in your household and help your child avoid others, like pollen, mold, and tobacco smoke.
- Stress can make eczema worse. Help your child find ways to deal with stress .
Signs And Symptoms Of Dyshidrotic Eczema
Common symptoms, according to the AAD, include:
- Small blisters and rashy skin
- Blisters filled with clear fluid
- Blisters that appear in clusters between fingers and toes or on the edges of fingers, toes, palms, or soles of the feet
- Rashy, scaly, red and cracked skin around the blisters
- Blisters that are very itchy and sometimes painful
- Blisters that dry and peel in about three weeks
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Preventing The Spread Of Eczema
Preventing the spread of eczema depends on the type of eczema a person has. For example, contact dermatitis will stop spreading once a person removes the source of irritation. Eczema that has become infected may require topical or oral antibiotic treatment.
One of the main ways people can prevent eczema from becoming more inflamed and itchy is to avoid scratching. Treating flare-ups as quickly as possible can remove the temptation to scratch. It may also help if people keep fingernails trimmed or wear cotton gloves to bed.
Related Conditions And Causes Of Dyshidrotic Eczema
As mentioned, atopic dermatitis or contact dermatitis, especially when related to a nickel allergy, can increase your risk of having dyshidrotic eczema, according to the AAD.
Differentiating between the conditions can be a challenge, and sometimes they are related anyway, says Kindred. Atopic dermatitis prefers skin folds, such as the insides of the elbows and the knees. Contact dermatitis is usually within the location that the skin was in contact with the trigger. The confusing part is that both atopic dermatitis and contact dermatitis may be associated with dyshidrotic eczema, confusing the picture.
Learn more about these conditions from the NEA:
- Atopic dermatitis Also simply known as eczema, atopic dermatitis is chronic and is the most common type of eczema.
- Contact dermatitis This happens when physical contact with an irritating substance or allergen triggers an irritation or inflammation reaction of the skin.
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What Is A Neck Rash Meaning
What does a neck rash look like? While there is no specific description of an eruption on the neck, several changes in the skin in terms of appearance or texture.
- In terms of color, your areas around the neck may turn red or white or pink. Sometimes there is discoloration or permanent change in skin texture.
- A rash on the neck may be bumpy, small or tiny spots or flat
- A rash can also make your skin look scaly, cracked, papular
Where does neck rashes occur? At the back of the neck, on the sides or around Adams apple area in men. Furthermore, if you a rash on the neck and chest or neck and the back, rashes can spread in a few hours after an eruption in a small area.
In more cases of a skin rash, the symptoms signify the rash itself. Symptoms vary according to the specific triggers or underlying cause. Presentation of the symptoms can also vary slightly between light-skinned individuals and those with a darker complexion.
NOTE: Rashes on the neck can go with no other notable symptoms.
Let us look at possible reasons or why you have a neck rash.
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What Is Dyshidrotic Eczema Symptoms Causes Diagnosis Treatment And Prevention
Dyshidrotic eczema is a type of dermatitis that affects the hands and feet. It is also known as dyshidrosis, dyshidrotic dermatitis, foot-and-hand eczema, pompholyx, and vesicular eczema, according to the American Academy of Dermatology Association .
It is characterized by tiny blisters or vesicles, usually between the digits, and it can be extremely itchy, says Peter Lio, MD, a dermatologist who is a clinical assistant professor in the department of dermatology and pediatrics at Northwestern University’s Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago, as well as a board member and scientific advisory committee member for the National Eczema Association . Certain triggers can also make it flare, such as contact with irritating chemicals like soaps or detergents or hand sanitizers, sweating, seasonal changes, and sometimes even just stress.
Other causes and triggers include allergic skin reactions, atopic dermatitis, fungal and bacterial infections, exposure to nickel or cobalt, and excessive exposure to water, according to Chesahna Kindred, MD, a dermatologist in Columbia, Maryland, who is an assistant professor at Howard University College of Medicine in Washington, DC.
Dyshidrotic eczema is also a side effect of intravenous immunoglobulin infusions , which are typically used to treat certain immune system diseases, according to the AAD. Exposure to cement is another risk factor.
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What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Eczema
The signs of eczema :
- are mainly dry, itchy skin. Because it is so itchy, it is often called “the itch that rashes.”
- include redness, scales, and bumps that can leak fluid and then crust over
- tend to come and go. When they get worse, it is called a flare-up.
- may be more noticeable at night
Symptoms can vary:
- Infants younger than 1 year old usually have the eczema rash on their cheeks, forehead, or scalp. It may spread to the knees, elbows, and trunk .
- Older kids and teens usually get the rash in the bends of the elbows, behind the knees, on the neck, or on the inner wrists and ankles. Their skin is often scalier and drier than when the eczema first began. It also can be thicker, darker, or scarred from all the scratching .
How To Use Topical Corticosteroids
When using corticosteroids, apply the treatment accurately to the affected areas. Unless instructed otherwise by your doctor, you should follow directions on the patient information leaflet that comes with the corticosteroid.
Do not apply the corticosteroid more than twice a day. Most people will only have to apply it once a day.
To apply the topical corticosteroid, take the following steps:
- apply your emollient first and ideally wait around 30 minutes before applying the topical corticosteroid, until the emollient has soaked into your skin
- apply a good amount of the topical corticosteroid to the affected area
- use the topical corticosteroid until the inflammation has cleared up, unless otherwise advised by your GP
Speak to your prescriber if you have been using a topical corticosteroid and your symptoms have not improved.
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Should I See A Doctor About My Leg Eczema
If youre not prone to skin conditions, consider seeing your doctor about any rashes or changes you experience.
If you know you have allergies or are prone to eczema flare-ups, then you can probably get away with not seeing the doc about your leg rash unless its particularly bad.
Eczema doesnt currently have a cure, so theres no magic pill a doctor can prescribe to make it go away. But they can give you some great advice for managing symptoms and prescribe stronger creams or antibiotics when necessary.
How To Use Apple Cider Vinegar
People use apple cider vinegar topically to treat eczema in many ways. For example, by:
- Adding it to a warm bath. Mix 2 cups of apple cider vinegar with a warm bath, soak for 15 minutes, and rinse the body in cool water.
- Using it in a wet body wrap. Mix 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with 1 cup of warm water. Dip some clean cotton fabric, gauze, or paper towel in the mixture. Wrap this around the area affected by eczema.
- Applying it as a hair mask. Mix 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar with 1/4 cup of sunflower oil. Apply it to the scalp right after a shower. The vinegar may act as a protective barrier for the skin and improve its moisture retention.
Others report that apple cider vinegar is an effective toner and moisturizer.
No guidelines or research suggests that apple cider vinegar is safe for infants or babies. The substance can cause chemical burns, and it may damage an infants sensitive skin.
Speak to a doctor before using apple cider vinegar to treat symptoms in a baby.
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Favorite Resource For Becoming An Advocate
We love that the NEA has made it so easy to advocate for better healthcare policies. Their Advocacy Action Center enables people to browse legislation related to eczema in various states. If you wish to take action, you can click on a button and fill out an online form to send a message to your local lawmaker.
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Its Probably: A Yeast Infection
Most people consider yeast infections strictly vaginal. But this type of infection can occur in skin folds on the body .
What people dont understand is that yeast is not the problem itself. We have yeast everywhere, as its part of our microbiome, Dr. Friedman says. Whats actually happening is that people are experiencing intertrigo or irritant dermatitis, inflammation of the skin in skin folds caused by poor hygiene and friction. Yeast may overgrow in the inflamed area, leading to infection.
Watch for itchiness on your butt, closer to your perianal area. You might see satellite pustules, or small pus-filled bumps situated slightly away from the main rash area.
As far as treatment goes, OTC ointments or creams for yeast infections should do the trick.
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Eczema Coping Tips Beauty Products
Suggestions for using beauty products include:
- Remember that even hypoallergenic cosmetics can irritate your skin. Whenever possible, keep your face free of make-up.
- Avoid perfumes, fragranced skin lotions and strongly scented shampoos.
- When using a new cosmetic, try testing it first on a small, inconspicuous area of skin such as your forearm. If you experience a reaction, dont use the product again.
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Prevention Of Dyshidrotic Eczema
While you cant prevent dyshidrotic eczema, you can do a number of things to avoid or minimize flare-ups.
Avoid triggers, wear cotton-lined gloves when washing dishes and doing other wet work, and keep other skin diseases under control, counsels Kindred.
To this list, Lio adds: Wear lightweight clothing and avoid gloves, socks, and shoes that trap moisture and dont allow your skin to breathe.
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Eczema Can Be An Unrelenting Condition
Moderate to severe eczema isnt just a skin condition. Its a chronic, systemic disease thats thought to be linked to an overactive immune system and persistent inflammation. For some patients, eczema can flare up unexpectedlyand the itch and rash that come with it can, at times, feel really intense.
Does My Baby Have Eczema On Their Legs
Skin rashes are common in babies because their immune systems take a good few years to learn how to distinguish between threats and stuff thats just there.
Your baby breaks out in a lot of rashes because their immune system is doing an awesome job of learning how to defend their body.
Most of the time, these rashes are nothing to be concerned about. There are plenty of over-the-counter skin creams that will clear them up.
Severe rashes can point to atopic dermatitis or other types of eczema, though. In babies, these usually develop around the mouth . But their tiny bambino legs arent immune.
If youre concerned about a rash on your babys legs, its a good idea to talk with a doctor. The rash is probably not a cause for concern, but if its a symptom of a more serious condition or persistent eczema, its better to catch it early on.
The most common ways to treat your leg eczema are:
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How Is Eczema Diagnosed
There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema. The doctor will look at the rash and ask about symptoms, the child’s past health, and the family’s health. If family members have any atopic conditions, that’s an important clue.
The doctor will rule out other conditions that can cause skin inflammation, and might recommend that your child see a dermatologist or an allergist.
The doctor may ask you to ban some foods from your child’s diet, switch detergents or soaps, or make other changes for a time to see if your child is reacting to something.
Where Can Eczema Appear On Your Legs
Most types of eczema can appear anywhere on your legs, including your thighs, your calves, and the backs of your legs.
Eczema is more common on joints and areas where the skin regularly stretches and bends. So, while it can appear anywhere, leg eczema most often pops up on the knees, hips, ankles, and feet.
Eczema is more likely to break out on dry skin, but sweat can also trigger a flare. Basically, eczema is an unpredictable little bugger. Who knows where itll pop up next?
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How To Use Emollients
Use your emollient all the time, even if you are not experiencing symptoms as they can help limit the return of your condition. Many people find it helpful to keep separate supplies of emollients at work or school.
To apply the emollient:
- use a large amount
- don’t rub it in, smooth it into the skin in the same direction that the hair grows instead
- for very dry skin, apply the emollient every two to three hours
- after a bath or shower, gently dry the skin and then immediately apply the emollient while the skin is still moist
If you are exposed to irritants at work, make sure you apply emollients regularly during and after work.
Don’t share emollients with other people.
Hand Eczema Dos And Don’ts For Cleansing
We do not have a cure, but we have many good treatments and many more in development. Usually we can help people get their skin much better so that they can be comfortable and return to normal activities, says Lio.
Some people have a single outbreak that clears without treatment, but it is much more common to have recurring flare-ups throughout life, according to the AAD.
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