What Causes Infection In Eczema
The commonest cause of infection in eczema is a bacterium known as Staphylococcus aureus. It thrives on the weepy, broken skin of eczema. When infected, there may be over 100 million bacteria on a patch of eczema just the size of a finger nail.
It is now known that Staphylococcus aureus is found on the skin of virtually everyone with atopic eczema, even when there are no obvious signs of infection or eczema, whereas it occurs on the skin of less than 1% of people who do not have eczema. Recent studies have shown that Staphylococcus aureus can trigger off eczema in areas of the body away from the bacteria. For example if the bacteria are found on the forearm, it can cause a flare up of eczema in the crease of the elbow joint.
There is growing scientific evidence that infection with Staphylococcus aureus makes atopic eczema worse and hinders healing. The number of bacteria on the skin has been found to multiply with the increasing severity of the eczema. Staphylococcus aureus has been shown to produce toxins which trigger an exaggerated reaction from the bodys defence system. It is thought that this over-reaction itself causes part of the problem.
This process is rather like a large, over-enthusiastic army fighting against a few invaders, and trampling the ground to pieces in the process!
Signs And Symptoms Of Dyshidrotic Eczema
Signs and symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema are as follows:
- Symmetrical crops of clear vesicles and/or bullae
- Intensely purpuric
- Typically present on the palms and soles, as well as the lateral aspects of fingers and toes
- Deep-seated vesicles with a tapiocalike appearance
- May become large, form bullae, and become confluent
- In chronic disease, fingernails may reveal dystrophic changes
- Vesicles typically resolve without rupturing, followed by desquamation
Eczema Coping Tips Diet
In most cases, eczema isnt caused or made worse by diet. If you notice that your eczema seems to get worse after eating a particular food, you may be an exception to this. See your doctor or dietitian for proper allergy testing and dietary advice.Never self-diagnose or you risk depriving yourself of enjoyable and nutritious foods for no good reason. Unnecessarily avoiding certain foods can lead to nutritional deficiencies.
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How Can I Tell My Child Has A Skin Infection
A skin infection can look a lot like eczema. Both cause swollen, itchy skin that can ooze fluid and form crusts. By looking closely at your childs skin, you can find signs of a skin infection.
Youll want to look for:
Yellowish-orange or honey-colored crusts, often on top of eczema.
Pus-filled blisters, especially on top of eczema.
Sores that look like cold sores or fever blisters.
Reddish, swollen bumps on skin.
Streaks or redness spreading on skin.
Youll also want to check your child for:
Swollen tonsils and other lymph nodes
Infection or eczema?
A skin infection can look a lot like eczema. Looking for some common signs can help you spot a skin infection.
Is It Ok To Pop Eczema Blisters
Though it might be tempting to pop the blisters, especially if they itch or hurt, try to resist the urge. Popping blisters can actually cause more pain and give bacteria a chance to get under your skin and cause an infection.
Its also important not to scratch or pick at the blisters. You want to try to keep the area clean to keep bacteria out.
Plus, the serum gathered in the blister protects the skin from infection. Popping the blister would release the serum, removing that protection.
Depending on the size of your blisters and your discomfort level, you may ask a healthcare professional to drain your blisters. More often than not, though, dyshidrosis blisters tend to be very small and typically arent drainable.
Its understandable to want immediate relief when your hands or feet are covered in itchy, painful blisters. A few treatments can help your blisters dry up faster, though theres no single cure at this time.
You can make yourself more comfortable by:
- applying cool compresses to your skin 2 to 4 times per day, for 15 minutes at a time
- rubbing on a prescription steroid cream to reduce inflammation and help the blisters clear
- taking an antihistamine after discussing with your doctor
- trying an anesthetic anti-itch medication such as pramoxine
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Causes And Treatment Of Small Red Bumps On Hands
We use our hands for doing almost everything and any small, red bumps on hands are noticed immediately. There can be a lot of reasons for these bumps or redness, and most of these get better with time and are completely harmless. However, there are some serious medical conditions which can lead to formation of certain types of bumps. If there is no obvious reason like an insect bite or injury, and the bumps are not getting better, the best thing is to talk to your doctor.
Use A Moisturizer On Your Skin Every Day
Moisturizers help keep your skin soft and flexible. They prevent skin cracks. A plain moisturizer is best. Avoid moisturizers with fragrances and a lot of extra ingredients. A good, cheap moisturizer is plain petroleum jelly . Use moisturizers that are more greasy than creamy because creams usually have more preservatives in them.
Regular use of a moisturizer can help prevent the dry skin that is common in winter.
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What Is Weeping Eczema
Weeping eczema is eczema with pus-filled blisters that are usually yellow or clear.
These blisters weepleaking ooze and wetnessand can eventually dry into a crusty layer on your skin.
Over time, this may result in the skin drying, cracking, and thickening.
Weeping eczema can develop from a skin infection when a person scratches an affected area.
This allows microorganismssuch as bacteria, viruses, or fungito enter the body.
Tips For Preventing Infections
Keeping eczema symptoms under control may help lower your chances of developing an infection. You can help prevent weeping eczema by doing the following:
- Avoid scratching. No matter how much your skin itches, try not to scratch it. Scratching carries with it a major risk for infection. Keep your fingernails short, and if the itching becomes bothersome, try using a cold compress.
- Use a humidifier. Dry indoor air can trigger itching and flaking of the skin. A humidifier adds moisture to the air in your home and protects your skin from drying up.
- Moisturize skin. Cracks and open areas in the skin can provide an easy entry for bacteria. Its important to moisturize your skin at least twice a day. The best time to apply a moisturizer is when your skin is still damp after getting out of the shower or bath.
- Take baths. Taking frequent baths or showers can reduce bacteria and remove dead skin. Use warm not hot water when bathing. Instead of rubbing, pat your skin dry.
- Avoid harsh soaps. Stay away from soaps that are made with harsh perfumes or dyes. If you do use these products, rinse them completely from your body when showering.
- Wear proper clothing. Choose clothing thats cool, smooth, and made of cotton. This will lower your chance of experiencing skin irritation.
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How Is Eczema Diagnosed
There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema. The doctor will look at the rash and ask about symptoms, the child’s past health, and the family’s health. If family members have any atopic conditions, that’s an important clue.
The doctor will rule out other conditions that can cause skin inflammation, and might recommend that your child see a dermatologist or an allergist.
The doctor may ask you to ban some foods from your child’s diet, switch detergents or soaps, or make other changes for a time to see if your child is reacting to something.
How Is Dyshidrotic Eczema Treated
Knowing your triggers and maintaining a regular skincare routine can help prevent and manage dyshidrotic eczema flares. Helpful steps can include:
- Wash the affected skin with a mild cleanser and gently pat dry.
- Apply a heavy cream with ingredients like ceramides to help repair the skin barrier.
- Remove rings and other jewelry when you wash your hands so water doesnt linger on you skin.
- Wash then moisturize hands or feet immediately after coming into contact with a potential trigger.
- Use stress management techniques.
- Keep fingernails short to help prevent scratching from breaking the skin.
Dermatologists can usually diagnose dyshidrotic eczema with a skin exam and medical history. Many cases improve quickly with a short course of topical corticosteroids combined with soaking or applying cool compresses to affected areas a few times a day to help dry out blisters. Because this form of eczema is sometimes linked to a fungal infection on the hands or feet, your dermatologist may prescribe an anti-fungal medication if needed.
Areas of dyshidrotic eczema are also at risk for bacterial skin infections, which can delay or prevent healing. If you develop swelling, crusting, pain or pus-filled blisters, visit your dermatologist to check for bacterial infection, which requires treatment with oral antibiotics.
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What Is The Fluid In Eczema Blisters
Eczema blisters are filled with a clear fluid that seeps in from nearby tissues when theres an injury to your skin. In the case of eczema, the injury happens from inflammation.
The fluid in blisters, called serum, is normally in the spaces surrounding your cells. The serum helps deliver nutrients and other materials to your cells and remove wastes from them.
The fluid contains:
What If Home Treatment Isnt Enough For Dyshidrosis
Sometimes doctors recommend prescription-strength creams, like clobetasol. These treatments can reduce pain and itching.
In more severe cases, skin care routines and medications like antihistamines are not enough to control symptoms. If other treatments do not work, your doctor may recommend further treatment options, including:
- Systemwide corticosteroids: Sometimes, topical corticosteroids are not enough to relieve symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe an oral or injectable corticosteroid, such as prednisone .
- System wide non-steroidal immune suppression: Long term use of oral steroids is not recommended. Medications such as methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil may be used in treating chronic disease.
- Exposing your skin to UV light may improve symptoms. You may receive phototherapy treatments at your doctors office or at a hospital.
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What Are The Complications Of Vesicular Hand/foot Dermatitis
Infected vesicular hand dermatitis
- Soothing emollient lotions and creams
- Potent antiperspirants applied to palms and soles at night
- Protective gloves should be worn for wet or dirty work
- Well-fitting footwear, with 2 pairs of socks to absorb sweat and reduce friction.
- Note that cream cleansers are not antimicrobial soap and water or a sanitiser is needed for washing hands in order to destroy pathogens such as the SARS-CoV-2 virus responsible for COVID-19.
People with vesicular hand dermatitis found to be allergic to nickel must try to avoid touching nickel items.
What Is Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is the most prevalent kind of eczema and falls into the category of atopic diseases which include hay fever and asthma. A person with atopic dermatitis will commonly suffer from the other two conditions. This type of eczema often starts during childhood, getting milder with age.What Causes Atopic Dermatitis?
The cause of atopic eczema is the weakening of the skin’s natural defenses against external elements. This weakening lowers the skin’s immunity against allergens and irritants. Other factors, such as bacterial infection, dry skin, hormones, adverse temperatures, low immunity, and stress, can also cause eczema.Symptoms of Atopic Dermatitis
- Itchy rashes in the folds of your knees and elbows
- Drying and scaling of the skin
- Itchy skin and bumpy rashes
- Rashes on the cheeks and scalp in babies
- In babies, rashes and itchiness interfere with their sleeping patterns
- Skin thickening, lightening, or darkening in areas where the rashes are
- Pus or fluid oozing from the small bumps on your skin when you scratch them
- Skin infection in the event of scratching the infected areas
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Home Remedies For Itching
While the underlying condition is being treated, you may be left to deal with an aggravating itch. You have a lot of options for managing that yourself, though.
Common home remedies for itch include:
- Applying moisturizer
- Using a topical anesthetic containing pramoxine
- Using topical treatments containing menthol or calamine
- Applying aloe vera gel or coconut oil
- Applying cold compresses or ice packs for about 5-10 minutes at a time
- Taking a soothing oatmeal bath
Symptoms Of Weeping Eczema
These are the following symptoms associated with weeping eczema:
- Open Blisters
- Dry flakes on the skin
- Red sores around the body
- Yellow-colored liquid seeping from the skin.
With the symptoms mentioned in this section, you will know what to look out for when you develop this condition. Next, let us look at the different factors that cause weeping sores.
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What Is The Prognosis Of Pustular Psoriasis
Complications may include the following:
- Bacterial skin infections, hair loss, and nail loss
- Hypoalbuminemia due to loss of blood protein into tissues
- Kidney damage
- Liver damage
- Malabsorption and malnutrition
The von Zumbusch type can cause death if it is not treated during the acute phase. In the elderly and those with compromised cardiopulmonary function, pustular psoriasis can be a very serious condition.
Occasionally, acute respiratory distress syndrome can complicate generalized pustular psoriasis. People who have typical psoriasis before they experience a generalized pustular episode tend to do better than people with unusual forms of psoriasis before the pustular flare-up.
Children tend to recover well as long as serious skin infections are avoided.
Experts Answers For Readers Questions
Does drinking water help eczema?
Yes. Research suggests that drinking water may help reduce the symptoms of eczema such as dryness .
How long does weeping eczema take to heal?
With the proper treatment, weeping eczema should clear up within 7-14 days. If it does not clear up by then, you should visit your doctor for further treatment.
Articles on StyleCraze are backed by verified information from peer-reviewed and academic research papers, reputed organizations, research institutions, and medical associations to ensure accuracy and relevance. Read our editorial policy to learn more.
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General Tips For Coping With Eczema
Other tips to manage your eczema include:
- Keep your fingernails short longer nails are more likely to injure your skin when you scratch.
- If the water in your area is hard or alkaline, consider installing a water-softening device.
- Swim in the sea in warm weather whenever you can seawater is known to reduce the symptoms of eczema.
- Use sun exposure for limited periods for example, when swimming at the beach. This can help relieve eczema symptoms. But be aware that ultraviolet radiation is a risk factor for skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin. Also, if sun exposure causes overheating, this can also aggravate eczema.
Pimple On The Legs: Treatment
1. To manage folliculitis, use topical antibiotics like clindamycin and mupirocin. The doctor may also prescribe other antibiotics like:
- Itraconazole and fluconazole
2. Exfoliate your legs regularly. This may help with bumps caused by keratosis pilaris or clogged skin pores. Use salicylic acid or glycolic acid-based cleansers and chemical exfoliators to clear away the dirt and dead skin, blocking the pores.
3. Use OTC creams containing benzoyl peroxide as a spot treatment. It exfoliates the skin and reduces inflammation and swelling.
4. Always moisturize the legs with oil-free and non-comedogenic products to prevent clogged pores.
5. You may apply topical retinol products to reduce swelling and inflammation.
6. Always apply sunscreen on the legs if you are going out and the legs are exposed. UV exposure can worsen the bumps of the legs.
7. Use a warm compress on the bumps to loosen the dirt and sebum. You can take a warm shower and then exfoliate the area. This can soften the bumps and reduce inflammation.
Pimple-like inflammation on the legs is not uncommon and is manageable. However, follow these tips to prevent their occurrence.
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Swelling And Redness In Your Lower Legs May Not Require Treatment With Antibiotics
If one or both of your lower legs are swollen and red, visit your doctor to find out why. In most cases, if both of your lower legs are swollen and red at the same time, its not because of an infection. That means you dont need antibiotics.
There are many other reasons why your lower legs could be swollen and red. For instance, you could have varicose veins or a blood clot in your leg. You could have an allergy to something you touched, such as a detergent or soap. Leg swelling could even be a sign of heart disease.
Before prescribing an antibiotic, your doctor should talk to you and do any tests needed to rule out these problems. Even then, you should take antibiotics only if theres a clear sign of an infection like cellulitis. Thats a common skin infection that causes redness and swelling.
How To Diagnose Weeping Eczema
A dermatologist can diagnose weeping blisters by conducting a physical examination. In the physical examination, the doctor will check for symptoms associated with eczema such as skin rashes that leak pus. Your doctor will also rule out other skin conditions such as psoriasis before coming to a conclusion. Your doctor might ask you to do a skin-prick test to rule out allergic reactions that cause rashes to develop on the skin . Once the tests are done, your doctor will prescribe the best treatment for you. The different treatment options available for this condition are discussed in the next section.
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