How Is Dyshidrotic Eczema Diagnosed
If youve been dealing with red, itchy skin for more than a week, its a good idea to seek out your doctor or dermatologist, because many skin conditions can cause blisters.
During your visit, your doctor will most likely take a look at your skin and ask you if youve noticed a pattern around your blisters like if youve started using different products or have felt particularly stressed and if your jobs or hobbies include coming into contact with metals.
If your doctor believes your dyshidrotic eczema could be due to an allergy, they may do an allergy test.
If your case is severe or if the symptoms have been long-lasting, you may be prescribed medication.
The severity of your outbreak and other personal health factors determine which treatments your doctor might suggest. It also may be necessary to try more than one treatment before finding one that works.
Ultraviolet Radiation Therapy For Eczema
Exposure to ultraviolet radiation can help reduce the symptoms of chronic eczema. Exposure under medical supervision can be carefully monitored with the use of specially designed cabinets the person stands naked in the cabinet and fluorescent tubes emit ultraviolet radiation.A person with stubborn eczema may need up to 30 sessions. The risks of unsupervised ultraviolet radiation therapy can be the same as for sunbathing faster ageing of the skin and greater risk of skin cancer.
Mental Health And Dyshidrotic Eczema
In addition to physical anguish, flare-ups of dyshidrotic eczema can lead to mental anguish. For those whose hands are affected, it is in a highly visible area that can’t be covered with clothing, so many patients feel ashamed or embarrassed about their skin, notes Lio. Also, severe cases can interfere with a person’s ability to work or carry out routine daily tasks involving hands or feet stressful situations brought on by a condition that itself is aggravated by stress.
Recommended Reading: Dandruff Or Eczema On Scalp
Ways I Manage My Dyshidrotic Eczema
What started off as just a few tiny little bumps on my left hand turned into a nightmare.
At first, I suffered in silence . I scoured the web and YouTube to find others who had it and were able to successfully treat it.
While there is no cure for dyshidrotic eczema, the tips Im sharing have kept me free of flare-ups about 98% of the time. And when I do get them, they are not as bad and I can get them cleared up within a day or two.
So, if youve been struggling like I have, please consider these tips because they have completely transformed my life.
Some Basic Things You Can Do At Work To Help Control Your Hand Eczema:
- Avoid allergens or irritating substances in products you use on the job like industrial hand cleansers or waterless, antibacterial cleansers that may trigger your hand eczema, or make it worse. These often contain ingredients like alcohol and solvents, that are very hard on your hands, especially during flare-ups.
- Protect your hands at work with a combination of heavy-duty vinyl or neoprene gloves and cotton glove liners. Regularly wash cotton liners and vinyl gloves if they arent disposable.
- Always carry your own hand cleanser, moisturizer and medication with you, wherever you go.
- Keep your clothes, protective gear, tools and work surfaces clean and free of residue from irritating substances.
- Treat wounds on your hands and bandage them in order to avoid irritation from allergens or chemical substances.
- Your doctor may also prescribe a barrier repair cream ortopical steroid to help speed up healing.
Read Also: Eczema White Patches On Skin Treatment
Lifestyle And Home Remedies
Home treatment might include:
- Applying compresses. Wet, cool compresses may help reduce itching.
- Taking anti-itch drugs. Over-the-counter antihistamine medications such as diphenhydramine or loratadine can help relieve itching.
- Applying witch hazel. Soaking the affected areas in witch hazel may speed healing.
Complications Of Dyshidrotic Eczema
The main complication of dyshidrotic eczema is usually the discomfort from itching and the pain from the blisters.
This discomfort can sometimes become so severe during a flare that youre limited in how much you use your hands, or even walk. Theres also the possibility of getting an infection in these areas from over-scratching.
In addition, your sleep may be disrupted if the itching or pain is severe.
Read Also: Why Do I Have Eczema On My Eyelids
Patients Receiving Immunoglobulin Therapy May Get De
If you are receiving intravenous immunoglobulin and develop blisters on your hands or feet after an infusion, be sure to tell your doctor. This is likely DE. A few patients develop this eczema after receiving immunoglobulin therapy. The eczema can worsen with each infusion, so early diagnosis is important. With treatment, most cases of DE due to this therapy are treated successfully. This will allow you to continue receiving immunoglobulin therapy.
Be Obsessive About Your Hygiene
This was the absolute BEST advice I was given during my frantic YouTube search. When you have a breakout of dyshidrotic eczema, your hands are cracked and bleeding, and it hurts for anything to come in contact with your skin. So, the last thing you want to do is wash your hands .
But I assure you the cleaner you keep the area of your breakout, the quicker it will heal. In my experience, dirt and germs will keep the breakouts coming.
Also Check: The Best Medicine For Eczema
Recommended Reading: Is Eczema Common In Babies
How Is Eczema Diagnosed
There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema. The doctor will look at the rash and ask about symptoms, the childâs past health, and the familyâs health. If family members have any atopic conditions, thatâs an important clue.
The doctor will rule out other conditions that can cause skin inflammation, and might recommend that your child see a dermatologist or an allergist.
The doctor may ask you to ban some foods from your childâs diet, switch detergents or soaps, or make other changes for a time to see if your child is reacting to something.
Symptoms Of Hand And Foot Dermatitis
Symptoms of hand and foot dermatitis include redness, scaling, and thickening of the skin on the hands and feet. These symptoms may progress to itchy small blisters or large blisters on the palms, sides of the fingers, or soles. These blisters can rupture, resulting in oozing and crusting. The blisters may be the first symptom people notice. Symptoms can come and go. The skin can become infected .
Don’t Miss: Best Face Wipes For Baby With Eczema
Okay What Are Dyshidrotic Eczema Treatment Options
Eucerin Eczema Relief Body Creme
Eucerin Eczema Relief Body Creme
The first thing you can try at home is a cool compress. Soak a clean washcloth in cool or ice water, wring it dry, and then apply it to itchy skin for several minutes, advises Shah. Immediately follow with a fragrance-free moisturizer or skin barrier repair cream like Eucerin Eczema Relief Body Creme. Repeat multiple times daily.
If things aren’t getting any better, you should def see your derm rather than suffer in silence. The first line of treatment is high potency topical steroidsand in severe or stubborn cases, we may also use oral steroids or immunosuppressive agents, says Shah. Another popular option is monitored and controlled use of ultraviolet light therapy to decrease underlying inflammation in skin.
And a more recent option has been Botox therapy, in which dilute toxin is injected into affected areas like the palms and fingers, and has resulted in a decrease in redness, itching, and overall rash, says Shah.
But good news: Although it’s certainly not pleasant, dyshidrotic eczema is not contagious, Shah says. That’s because it’s an inflammatory condition, which is not caused by an infection. Meaning there’s nothing to pass on to anyone else.
So the next time you find your hands itchy and bumpy, maybe bust out the eczema cream. It could simply be BDE .
What Prescription Medications Or Treatments Are Used To Treat Dyshidrotic Eczema
In more severe cases of dyshidrotic eczema, your healthcare provider may prescribe or recommend the following medications or treatments to help relieve your symptoms:
- System-wide corticosteroids: If corticosteroid creams or ointments dont relieve your symptoms, your healthcare provider may prescribe an oral corticosteroid, like prednisone .
- System-wide nonsteroidal immunosuppressive drugs: Long-term use of oral steroids may be unhealthy, so your healthcare provider may prescribe medications such as methotrexate tablets , mychophenolate tablets or dupilumab injections .
- : Phototherapy uses ultraviolet light, usually ultraviolet B , from special lamps. The ultraviolet light waves in the light can help certain skin disorders, including dyshidrotic eczema. UVB can cause permanent dark spots in darker skin color, so its a good idea to check with your healthcare provider if you have darker skin.
Don’t Miss: How Long Does Eczema Rash Last
Use A Moisturizer On Your Skin Every Day
Moisturizers help keep your skin soft and flexible. They prevent skin cracks. A plain moisturizer is best. Avoid moisturizers with fragrances and a lot of extra ingredients. A good, cheap moisturizer is plain petroleum jelly . Use moisturizers that are more greasy than creamy because creams usually have more preservatives in them.
Regular use of a moisturizer can help prevent the dry skin that is common in winter.
What Is Weeping Eczema
Weeping eczema is eczema with pus-filled blisters that are usually yellow or clear.
These blisters weepleaking ooze and wetnessand can eventually dry into a crusty layer on your skin.
Over time, this may result in the skin drying, cracking, and thickening.
Weeping eczema can develop from a skin infection when a person scratches an affected area.
This allows microorganismssuch as bacteria, viruses, or fungito enter the body.
Recommended Reading: Cream To Get Rid Of Eczema
Favorite Organizations For Essential Dyshidrotic Eczema Information
The NEA is a great first stop, being the most prominent U.S.-based nonprofit devoted to education, research, patient support, and advocacy relating to the various forms of skin disease that fall under the eczema umbrella, including dyshidrotic eczema. Check out their dyshidrotic eczema page before you peruse their fact sheets, glossary of skin-care terms, and webinars. We also recommend Lios video on hand hygiene for people with hand eczema in the COVID-19 era.
This well-regarded library of information all about the skin is affiliated with the New Zealand Dermatological Society. The jargon is aimed at professionals, but theres plenty of information for laypeople to use as well. Take a look at their page on vesicular hand dermatitis , or try out their DermDiag tool for narrowing down possible causes for your symptoms .
One of the foremost networks of medical institutions in the United States has an extensive library of information on health conditions, including this page about a common trigger for dyshidrotic eczema: nickel sensitivity.
What Are The Common Symptoms Of Dyshidrotic Eczema
Dyshidrotic eczema clinically presents as follows:
The early symptoms of dyshidrotic eczema may be a burning, itching sensation without any visual clues.
Small, fluid-filled blisters may commonly develop on the edges of the fingers, the palms, and sometimes the soles of the feet, which may cause intense itching and burning sensation.
In severe cases, the small blisters may extend to the back of the hands and cluster to form larger ones.
If the skin becomes infected at this stage, the blisters can become painful and ooze pus.
Some people with dyshidrotic eczema have symptoms of infrequent episodes that may happen every month. However, over time, this may cause chronic hand dermatitis that may lead to newer symptoms such as reddened and hard skin, cracked skin, sweat near the blisters, and color changes in the nails.
The blisters usually last a few weeks before they dry up and flake away.
You May Like: Do Toddlers Grow Out Of Eczema
Hand Eczema Dos And Don’ts For Cleansing
We do not have a cure, but we have many good treatments and many more in development. Usually we can help people get their skin much better so that they can be comfortable and return to normal activities, says Lio.
Some people have a single outbreak that clears without treatment, but it is much more common to have recurring flare-ups throughout life, according to the AAD.
What Causes Pompholyx Eczema
The exact causes of pompholyx eczema are not known, although it is thought that factors such as stress, sensitivity to metal compounds , heat and sweating can aggravate this condition. Fifty percent of people with pompholyx have atopic eczema as well, or a family history of atopic eczema. Pompholyx eczema can coexist with fungal infections, so assessment should include checking for the presence of any fungal infection on the hands and feet.
Pompholyx eczema occurs on the palms of the hands, fingers and the feet the skin in these areas is more prone to exposure to potential sources of irritation and aggravation. For this reason, pompholyx eczema can be debilitating and difficult to manage. It can also cause problems with employment.
The hands and feet, where pompholyx commonly occurs, are areas of the body that are also prone to contact dermatitis. This can take one of two forms irritant contact dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis.
Pompholyx may occur as a single episode, but for most people it is a chronic type of eczema that will come and go.
Also Check: How To Make My Eczema Stop Itching
Treatment Of Dyshidrotic Eczema
Treatments for dyshidrotic eczema are as follows:
- First-line treatment includes high-strength topical steroids and cold compresses systemic steroids also used
- Treatment for bullae : Compresses with Burow solution or 1:10.000 solution of potassium permanganate drain large bullae with sterile syringe and leave roof intact prescribe systemic antibiotics covering Staphylococcus aureus and group A streptococci
- UVA or UVA-1 alone or with oral or topical psoralen
- Topical calcineurin inhibitors
- For severe refractory pompholyx, azathioprine, methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil, cyclosporine, or etanercept
- Nickel chelators occasionally used in nickel-sensitive patients
- Dietary avoidance of nickel and cobalt for nickel- and cobalt-sensitive patients
What If Home Treatment Isnt Enough For Dyshidrosis
Sometimes doctors recommend prescription-strength creams, like clobetasol. These treatments can reduce pain and itching.
In more severe cases, skin care routines and medications like antihistamines are not enough to control symptoms. If other treatments do not work, your doctor may recommend further treatment options, including:
- Systemwide corticosteroids: Sometimes, topical corticosteroids are not enough to relieve symptoms. Your doctor may prescribe an oral or injectable corticosteroid, such as prednisone .
- System wide non-steroidal immune suppression: Long term use of oral steroids is not recommended. Medications such as methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil may be used in treating chronic disease.
- Exposing your skin to UV light may improve symptoms. You may receive phototherapy treatments at your doctors office or at a hospital.
Also Check: How To Soothe Eczema Flare Ups
You May Like: Can You Have Both Eczema And Psoriasis
Who Is At Risk For Developing Dyshidrotic Eczema
There are a variety of factors that may dictate who develops dyshidrotic eczema.
If you are going to develop it, itll most likely begin between 20 and 40 years of age. Genetics may also play a role in dyshidrotic eczema. If you have one or more blood relatives with it, theres a higher chance you could also have it.
A few other factors that may contribute to its development are:
- youre already living with another type of eczema
- youve worked, or currently work, as a mechanic or metalworker
- you have a history of working with cement
- you already deal with seasonal allergies
- youre living with asthma
- you have occasional bouts of allergic sinusitis
Your Treatment Plan May Need Adjustments
If you continue to have flare-ups after following the treatment plan prescribed by your dermatologist, tell your dermatologist. It can take time to find the right treatment for dyshidrotic eczema.
In studying dyshidrotic eczema, dermatologists have found that the following can be effective.
Treatment for excessive sweating: If you sweat profusely where you have blisters, treatment that helps to control the sweating can be effective. To treat the excessive sweating, your dermatologist may prescribe:
A prescription antiperspirant that you apply to the area
Injections of botulinum toxin where you have dyshidrotic eczema
Most people think of botulinum toxin as a treatment for wrinkles and frown lines. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has also approved it to treat excessive sweating.
Studies suggest that excessive sweating may trigger dyshidrotic eczema. By reducing the profuse sweating, some people are able to reduce flare-ups. If your dermatologist recommends botulinum toxin, protect your health by seeing a board-certified dermatologist for this treatment.
Stronger medication: People who have dyshidrotic eczema likely have a hypersensitivity. Its believed that this hypersensitivity causes the blisters. Applying corticosteroids to your skin can help lessen this hypersensitivity, but some patients need stronger medication.
Seeing an allergist can be helpful if you continue to have flare-ups
Recommended Reading: Types Of Lotion For Eczema
How To Diagnose Weeping Eczema
A dermatologist can diagnose weeping blisters by conducting a physical examination. In the physical examination, the doctor will check for symptoms associated with eczema such as skin rashes that leak pus. Your doctor will also rule out other skin conditions such as psoriasis before coming to a conclusion. Your doctor might ask you to do a skin-prick test to rule out allergic reactions that cause rashes to develop on the skin . Once the tests are done, your doctor will prescribe the best treatment for you. The different treatment options available for this condition are discussed in the next section.