Q : What Triggers Should Be Avoided
People with eczema should avoid known triggers and irritants, which may include:
- Dry skin – this is one of the main triggers of eczema.
- Scratching – keep fingernails clipped .
- Viral or bacterial infections.
- Playing in sand, such as sandpits.
- Sitting directly on carpets or grass.
- Inhaling pollen allergens from grasses, weeds or trees in spring and summer.
- Irritants such as perfumes, soap and chemicals.
- Contact with animals, house dust mite allergen, wool and synthetic fabrics.
- Temperature changes, such as overly heated rooms.
- Stress, which can make eczema worse, although eczema is not a psychological condition.
- Constant exposure to water or chemicals, which can damage the protective barrier function of the skin.
What You Can Do At Home To Manage Eczema
How Common Is Eczema
Eczema affects up to 15 million Americans. Infants are prone to eczema and 10% to 20% will have it. However, nearly half outgrow the condition or have significant improvement as they get older.
Eczema affects males and females equally and is more common in people who have a personal or family history of asthma, environmental allergies and/or food allergies.
Also Check: How To Get Rid Of Nummular Eczema Naturally
What Does Eczema Look Like
Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, causes breakouts of dry, red, itchy rashes to appear on your skin. While it can show up at any age, eczema commonly appears before age 5 and continues through adulthood.
Atopic dermatitis can cause extreme itching spells and severe inflammation of the skin. Its important not to scratch these rashes since doing so inflames and aggravates them.
The appearance of eczema may vary from person to person, but common signs and symptoms include:
- Thickened, rough, sometimes scaly patches on your skin
- Red, brown, or otherwise discolored blotches
- Extreme itching that begins before the rash is visible
- Tiny, raised bumps that may leak fluid when scratched
Eczema rashes can appear on any part of your body, but the most common places they occur include:
- Hands and feet
- Inside the elbows
- On the face
No matter where eczema develops on your body, repeatedly scratching the lesions can lead to open wounds. To prevent infection, seek treatment for atopic dermatitis as soon as possible.
What Medications Are Used To Treat Psoriasis And Eczema
There are many ways to treat psoriasis and eczema. In fact, some of the same treatments are used for both conditions.
Topical treatments are ones that you apply directly to the skin, like creams, gels, and ointments. Some topical treatments are available over the counter, while others need a prescription.
Corticosteroids are the most common topical treatments for both psoriasis and eczema. They reduce inflammation, which helps with redness and itching. They come in different strengths, ranging from weaker to very strong .
Other topical medication options for psoriasis include:
Calcitriol: helps to slow down skin cell growth and is also related to vitamin D
Tazarotene: helps to slow down skin cell growth and is chemically similar to vitamin A
Zithranol: helps to slow down skin cell growth and is available as a cream or shampoo
These are other topical medication options for eczema:
Eucrisa: blocks a specific protein that causes inflammation in atopic dermatitis
People with more severe eczema and psoriasis may need stronger treatments that work throughout the body. These are usually given as an oral pill or shot.
You May Like: How To Know You Have Eczema
What Else Should I Know
If you live with eczema, tune in to what triggers it and how to manage it. For example, if you find that some types of makeup irritate your skin, ask a dermatologist to recommend brands that are less likely to do so.
Your self-esteem doesn’t have to suffer because you have eczema, and neither does your social life! Getting involved in your school and extracurricular activities can be a great way to get your mind off the itch.
Don’t forget to exercise. It’s a great way to blow off stress try walking, bike riding, swimming, or another sport that keeps your skin cool and dry while you work out.
What Are The Symptoms And Signs Of Atopic Dermatitis
Although symptoms and signs may vary from person to person, the most common symptoms are dry, itchy, red skin.
- Itch is the hallmark of the disease.
- Typically, affected skin areas include the folds of the arms, the back of the knees, wrists, face, and neck.
- The itchiness is an important factor in atopic dermatitis, because scratching and rubbing can worsen the skin inflammation that is characteristic of this disease.
- People with atopic dermatitis seem to be more sensitive to itching and feel the need to scratch longer in response.
- They develop what is referred to as the “itch-scratch” cycle.
- The extreme itchiness of the skin causes the person to scratch, which in turn worsens the itch, and so on. Itching is particularly a problem during sleep, when conscious control of scratching decreases and the absence of other outside stimuli makes the itchiness more noticeable.
Recommended Reading: The Best Hand Soap For Eczema
Ayurvedic Point Of View For Eczema
According to Ayurveda, all skin diseases have been grouped under “Kushtha roga” in which, different kinds of skin conditions have been discussed in detail. All in all, there are 18 types of kushtha rogas described in Ayurveda.
All types of skin diseases according to Ayurveda occur because of a vitiation of the doshas , the dhatus and the malas .
When To Seek Medical Advice
See a GP if you have symptoms of atopic eczema. They’ll usually be able to diagnose atopic eczema by looking at your skin and asking questions, such as:
- whether the rash is itchy and where it appears
- when the symptoms first began
- whether it comes and goes over time
- whether there’s a history of atopic eczema in your family
- whether you have any other conditions, such as allergies or asthma
- whether something in your diet or lifestyle may be contributing to your symptoms
Typically, to be diagnosed with atopic eczema you should have had an itchy skin condition in the last 12 months and 3 or more of the following:
- visibly irritated red skin in the creases of your skin such as the insides of your elbows or behind your knees at the time of examination by a health professional
- a history of skin irritation occurring in the same areas mentioned above
- generally dry skin in the last 12 months
- a history of asthma or hay fever children under 4 must have an immediate relative, such as a parent, brother or sister, who has 1 of these conditions
- the condition started before the age of 2
How Do I Prevent And Treat Eczema
Although there is no real cure for eczema, symptoms can often be reduced or prevented by avoiding specific triggers, such as those shown on your screen. The most effective measure you can take to clear an eczema flare-up is to avoid the urge to scratch the affected area, as this may worsens outbreaks. To avoid further irritation, keep your fingernails short and smooth. Bathing in lukewarm water, using special cleansers, and applying moisturizers directly after bathing are also often effective in clearing symptoms. Other common treatments are shown on your screen. In the severe cases where other treatments have failed to work, medications that affect the bodys immune response may be recommended.
Q : How Can Itch Be Controlled
The following actions may reduce itch, to help control the scratch and itch cycle of eczema:
- Keep skin well moisturised every day.
- Use cold compresses and wet dressings/wraps, as directed.
- Consider using non-sedating antihistamines, especially if there are hives . Sedating antihistamines are generally not recommended and should not be used in young children without specialist supervision.
You May Like: What Causes Eczema Flare Up On Legs
Dealing With Severe Eczema Stress And Isolation
If your eczema is widespread and severe, you will need to be under the care of a consultant dermatologist, who will be able to assess your suitability for stronger treatments such as phototherapy or systemic immunosuppressants.
If your eczema could be attributed to stress, you might benefit from seeking out additional sources of emotional support. Your GP will be able to signpost you to local counselling services, or you could look for a counsellor at . You might also like to approach your local Mind , as many branches offer free or low-cost counselling sessions.
The Silver Line is another source of support. The Silver Line is a free confidential Helpline providing information, friendship and support to older people, open 24 hours a day, every day of the year. The Silver Lines phone number is 0800 4 70 80 90 and their website address is www.thesilverline.org.uk.
If youre feeling lonely, you might also consider joining a local club or interest group.
How Is Eczema Diagnosed
There is no specific test used to diagnose eczema. A doctor will look at the rash and ask about your symptoms and past health, as well as your family’s health. If you or your family members have any atopic conditions, that’s an important clue.
The doctor will want to rule out other conditions that can cause skin inflammation. The doctor might recommend that you see a dermatologist or an allergist.
You May Like: Eczema Honey Original Skin Soothing Cream
Shingles And Skin Redness
This photo contains content that some people may find graphic or disturbing.
If youve had chickenpox before and you have a very painful red rash, you may have a viral infection known as shingles . You can have shingles at any age but the risk goes up as you get older.
Here are the symptoms to look out for:
- A painful red rash that may tingle, itch, or burn
- A red rash with a stripe-like pattern on the torso or elsewhere on the body
- Fluid-filled blisters
Can You Get Eczema As An Adult
Adults can get any type of eczema, including atopic dermatitis , which many people consider a childhood disease.
When AD begins after your 18th birthday, dermatologists call it adult-onset atopic dermatitis. Youd receive this diagnosis if you never had AD before. A peak time for developing adult-onset AD is in your 50s.
AD and the eyes
In adults, atopic dermatitis often develops on skin around the eyes.
Some adults who have AD had it as a child. Its possible for AD to go away in childhood and return years later. When the AD returns, its often much milder.
For some children, the AD never goes away, so its a lifelong disease. This happened to Peter Moffat, the award-winning writer of the British TV series Criminal Justice. You can read about how AD affects his life by going to: Adults with eczema too often suffer in silence
Recommended Reading: What To Do When You Have Eczema On Your Face
What Are Home Remedies For Atopic Dermatitis
Treatment involves a partnership between the doctor and the patient and family members. The doctor will suggest a treatment plan based on the patient’s age, symptoms, and general health. The patient and family members play a large role in the success of the treatment plan by carefully following the doctor’s instructions. Some of the primary components of treatment programs are described below. Most patients can be successfully managed with proper skin care and lifestyle changes and do not require the more intensive treatments discussed.
Skin care: A simple and basic regimen is key. Staying with one recommended soap and one moisturizer is very important. Using multiple soaps, lotions, fragrances, and mixes of products may cause further issues and skin sensitivity.
Once the bathing is finished, apply an emollient immediately without towel drying. This restores the skin’s moisture and inhibits the evaporation of water, increasing the rate of healing, and establishing a barrier against further drying and irritation. Lotions generally are discouraged because they have a high water or alcohol content and evaporate quickly. Creams and ointments work better at healing the skin. Tar preparations can be very helpful in healing very dry, lichenified areas. Whatever preparation is chosen, it should be as free of fragrances and chemicals as possible.
Treating atopic dermatitis in infants and children
- Give lukewarm baths.
What Tests Diagnose Atopic Dermatitis
The diagnosis is made on the physical examination and visual inspection of the skin. The personal history of inhalant allergies and family history will often support the diagnosis. Although itching is necessary but not sufficient to diagnose atopic dermatitis, consideration of other itchy eruptions is often necessary.
A skin biopsy is rarely helpful to establish the diagnosis. Many patients with severe atopic disease may have elevated numbers of a certain type of white blood cells and/or elevated serum IgE level. These tests can support the diagnosis of atopic dermatitis. Additionally, skin swab samples may be sent to the lab to exclude staphylococcal infections of the skin, which may complicate atopic dermatitis.
Skin scratch/prick tests and blood tests for airborne allergens generally are not as useful in diagnosing atopic dermatitis. Positive skin scratch/prick test results are difficult to interpret in people with atopic dermatitis and are often inaccurate.
Major and minor features of atopic dermatitis
- Characteristic rash in locations typical of the disease
- Chronic or repeatedly occurring symptoms
- Personal or family history of atopic disorders
Some minor features
- High levels of immunoglobulin E , an antibody, in the blood
- Positive allergy skin tests
Don’t Miss: Deodorant For Kids With Eczema
What Not To Do If You Want To Keep A Check On Eczema
- Avoid foods that are difficult to digest or are too loaded with fats. What happens in such a condition is that the body is not able to digest the food properly leading to vitiation of all the three doshas in the body.
- Avoid excess fatty food intake, junk food, food products that are very spicy and sour.
- Besides, one should also refrain from a few food products and combinations which make one more prone for skin diseases. Avoid such food combinations :-
- Heated honey and heated Yoghurt etc.
Things You Should Know About Eczema
October is Eczema Awareness Month, so weve decided to put together a guide all about the itchy skin condition that affects more than 10 percent of Americans.
Here are five things you should know about eczema:
There are different types of eczema
Thats because eczema is actually an umbrella term for several different conditions that cause red and itchy skin.
Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema, according to the National Eczema Association. Genes play a significant role in whether or not a person develops this type of eczema. Unfortunately, there is no cure.
Seborrheic dermatitis appears in oilier areas like the scalp or chest, and contact dermatitis is a form of eczema that is caused by a skin irritant or allergen. You can read more about the different types of eczema here.
It affects all ages
While atopic dermatitis is common in children, it can occur at any age. Mayo Clinic says the rash usually shows up before a child reaches five years old. Some affected children may experience flare-ups throughout their life while others may find their eczema gets better with age. Its also possible to develop the condition as an adult.
A bunch of things can trigger outbreaks
Atopic dermatitis is chronic, but that doesnt mean its always apparent. Eczema can clear up for a few months or years before reappearing unexpectedly. Thats because things like sweat, certain soaps, stress, dry weather, pollen and other allergens can trigger the rash.
Read Also: Relief For Eczema Flare Up
Seattle Children’s Urgent Care Locations
If your childâs illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.