Does Breastfeeding Prevent Baby Eczema
There is some evidence that breastfed babies may be less likely to develop eczema. Although unproven, the antimicrobial properties in breast milk have also been studied as a type of treatment when directly applied to an eczema rash. To try this, rub a few drops of your liquid gold onto the rash regularly for a few days and watch for any reduction in symptoms.
Food Allergy And Eczema Flare
- Food allergies are a factor in 30% of young children with severe eczema. This factor is mainly seen in babies.
- The main allergic foods are cows milk and eggs.
- The main symptoms are increased skin redness and itching. Some parents report these symptoms start during or soon after the feeding.
- The eczema becomes easier to control if you avoid the allergic food.
Easy Ways To Improve Hand Breakouts
Covering your hands with gloves before coming into contact with chemicals and irritants can help to get rid of eczema on the hands. You can also try soaking your hands in saline solution to get rid of excess bacteria that may be aggravating the skin.
Additionally, a daily routine using a moisturizer with calming ingredients such as colloidal oatmeal works wonders to soothe any rash on the hands.
Here is the link to a lotion I use when my hands get dry and rough: Skin Fix Hand Repair. It works great!
Hand eczema is usually rough, dry and inflamed. It can also appear as small filled blisters known as dyshidrotic eczema.
What causes eczema on the hands can be things like bacteria, chemicals and/or irritants such as harsh sulfates in hand soap and chemicals in tap water. Studies suggest that hand eczema may be more common with people in specific occupational groups, such as hairdressers, bakers, and nurses. Possibly due to the high exposure of irritants.
If you struggle with breakouts on the hands, it can be very beneficial to do a trigger avoidance strategy as well as a daily skin routine!
Don’t Miss: How To Treat Hypopigmentation From Eczema
Foods That Can Trigger Eczema
Having confirmed the cows milk allergy/intolerance, the first thing we did was eliminate dairy from Hannahs diet. As I was nursing and there may be a chance of me passing dairy on through my milk, I eliminated dairy from my diet too. That was tough. Its only when you eliminate dairy that you realise how its in practically everything. Even the most unsuspecting product like crisps will have milk powder.
So Ive been miserable and hungry for months.
Anyway, we swapped regular milk for oat milk, and have recently gone onto soya milk as it has more calories and nutritional value than oat milk.
Now Im a little on the fence still as to how effective my dairy exclusion has been for Hannahs eczema. For weeks I saw no improvement, and it was only when she turned one that her skin really started to clear up. My dietician is also unsure as to how necessary it is for me to exclude dairy. But the advice has been that for some nursing mums exclusion helps improve baby eczema, and for others it doesnt. Still confused? Me too.
To make up for the lack of dairy, Ive been having some vegan alternatives such as vegan cheese and Coco Collab coconut yoghurt. But Im sorry to say, vegan cheese works OK in cooking, but its no substitute for the real thing if you want a cheese sandwich.
How Can You Prevent Baby Eczema
If your baby has contact dermatitis, you can try your best to prevent a flare-up by identifying and avoiding common triggers, which might include:
- Moisture . Dress your baby in lightweight cotton clothing. Gently pat drool away when you see it.
- Scratchy fabrics. In addition to clothes and rugs, even your babys stuffed animals can trigger eczema.
- Allergens. Think pet dander, pollen or dust.
- Harsh detergents and soaps. Consider using a sensitive detergent when washing babys clothes and crib sheets.
Don’t Miss: Over The Counter Treatment For Eyelid Eczema
Diagnosing Baby Eczema Symptoms
Even if you’re fairly confident that your child has eczema, you may need to be persistent with your pediatrician to get a diagnosis. And know that the typical signs of eczema show up differently in darker skin tones, says Ana M. Duarte, M.D., director of dermatology at Nicklaus Children’s Hospital and founder of the Children’s Skin Center, in Miami. Patches can appear darker brown, purple, or ashen in color, which doctors may miss, as Ayren Jackson-Cannady, a Black mom in Arlington, Virginia, can attest to. Her oldest child, Trey, 10, suffers from eczema. She knew what the condition looked like because her husband is also a lifelong sufferer. Yet that information, coupled with Trey’s itchy rash, didn’t ring any warning bells for his doctor, even though Jackson-Cannady brought it up at every pediatrician’s visit. She believes his skin color played a part in that.
- RELATED: I’m a Teen with Eczema and It’s Impacted My Life More Than You Can Know
Unfortunately, misunderstandings about the conditionand who is at greater riskappear to be widespread among physicians. Many parents report that their child had to see multiple doctors before their eczema was diagnosed and treated. That delay can have long-lasting negative consequences. “Early diagnosis and intervention might help prevent certain aspects of the atopic march, and it certainly can ease severity,” Dr. Ogden says.
Diagnosis & Treatment Options
Eczema is not a contagious condition. There is also no cure for it.
There are many treatment options that can help to manage eczema breakouts, reducing their severity and frequency. Eczema treatment is focused on repairing damaged skin and alleviating uncomfortable symptoms.
Current treatment options include:
- Topical corticosteroid creams and ointments. Anti-inflammatory creams target skin itchiness and inflammation.
- Systemic corticosteroids. Prescription corticosteroids can be swallowed or injected when topical creams are not effective enough.
- Antibiotics. These are prescribed when a bacterial skin infection is also present.
- Antifungal/antiviral medications. These are used to treat fungal or viral infections related to eczema.
- Antihistamines. These reduce itchiness and improve sleep.
- Topical calcineurin inhibitors. These are used to decrease inflammation of the immune system that is causing flareups.
- Skin barrier-repairing moisturizers. These help to keep moisture in and repair the skin.
- . Ultraviolet A or B light waves can be used to treat moderate eczema.
- Wet wrap therapy. This treatment is used for severe eczema. Three lukewarm baths per day are given, followed by the application of topical medications and moisturizers. The skin is then wrapped in wet gauze.
Don’t Miss: Eczema On Lips And Eyelids
Are There Likely To Be Any Complications Of Eczema
It’s important to control your child’s eczema – uncontrolled eczema can lead to poor sleep which can have long-term effects on learning and behaviour.
Children with eczema are more likely to get skin infections.
Eczema makes the skin dry and cracked and increases the chance of infection by bacteria and viruses . Infected eczema may be wet, crusted or painful. See your doctor for treatment.
If your child’s eczema gets worse or becomes infected, you will need to take them to your doctor. Sometimes, a hospital stay may be necessary.
It’s important to control your child’s eczema. Uncontrolled eczema can lead to poor sleep which can have long-term effects on learning and behaviour.
Treating Baby Eczema An Itchy B*tch Of A Condition
Hannahs eczema was diagnosed when she was about seven months old. We noticed first that shed be itchy while eating and at night time.
I was told by my GP that shed likely grow out of it, and in the meanwhile we should apply a prescribed emollient generously. The emollient we were given Cetraben didnt work for Hannah. In fact it made her skin flaky, even the areas that were previously baby soft.
She wasnt overly itchy at this point, but her skin was very dry.
Whilst weaning, we detected that she had a dairy intolerance as shed break out in an itchy heat-rash after eating dairy. This was confirmed with a blood test.
For context, Hannah doesnt have severe eczema. But she had a stubborn patch on her neck and behind her knees. As the neck is constantly exposed, easy access meant that Hannah would scratch a lot.
As any mum with an itchy baby will know, seeing my bubba scratching incessantly was heartbreaking. So as a mum obsessed I did all I could to relieve her eczema. And whether its one particular thing or a combination of everything, Hannahs skin has really improved. Heres what I did:
Also Check: Can Hair Dye Cause Eczema
Use Skin Medications When Needed
For some babies and children with eczema, daily bathing and moisturizing is not enough for good control. These children also need a medical treatment plan, which often includes medicated creams or ointments that calm the immune system in the skin and control irritation. Medical treatment plans also include instructions on how often and when to apply the cream or ointment.
There are a variety of skin medications available for eczema, each with a different strength. The strength of the medication prescribed should be right for the area of the body that needs medication. For example, a child may have one medication prescribed for the face and another one for the elbows and knees. Do not use the percent on the label to judge the strength of your childs medication. Speak to your childs doctor or pharmacist if you have questions about medication strength.
Follow the treatment plan provided by your childs doctor, so your child gets the most possible benefit from the medication. It is especially important to follow your doctors advice about how much of the medication to apply, so you do not use too little or too much. Some doctors recommend applying a layer of medication to eczema patches every day for about two to four weeks. The medication is more effective if you apply it to skin immediately after the bath, while the skin is still damp.
Our Dermatologists Advice For Treating Eczema On Our Babys Hands
Every time we saw our dermatologist, we would discuss how to treat the eczema on his hands.
So, for the longest time, we just kept trying our best to follow our doctors recommendation to use steroids on the eczema twice a day. And we waited for the steroid to get rid of the eczema on the hands.
But telling a baby or toddler not to use their hands and let the steroid absorb into the skin is almost laughable. So while we were trying our best to apply the steroid to the eczema on his hands, it wasnt effective.
It got to the point where we decided to apply the steroid after our son fell asleep. Of course he would just end up rubbing it off on the sheets in his sleep.
Then we had one dermatologist make a suggestion that solved the problem almost instantly: at night, put a tiny dab of steroid on the area then wrap the finger in a hydrocolloid dressing.
Read Also: Why Do Infants Get Eczema
How Is Phototherapy Used To Treat Eczema
Nearly 70 percent of patients who are treated with phototherapy have positive results, but its important to note that this treatment is not for everybody.
It is important for the doctor to determine what type of UV light is right for you in order to time the treatments and avoid risks to your health. The amount of light exposure is timed and increased as treatment progresses.
Some areas may not have phototherapy readily available and accessible. Talk with your doctor. A trip to the tanning bed is not a replacement for phototherapy.
Treating Eczema With Antibiotics
Secondary infections with bacteria like Staphylococcus Aureus can makethe babys eczema much worse.
Infected eczema is usually treated with topical antibiotic ointmentslike Bactroban or Fucidin. Dermol 500 Lotion is an antimicrobial emollient andmoisturizer used to care for dry and pruritic skin conditions likeeczema and dermatitis, and for use as a soap substitute.
However, if the infection is more severe, your child feels unwell or has a fever, a course of oral antibiotics is usually necessary to clear the infection. All creams and ointments used during the infection are likely contaminated with bacteria. In this case, buying moisturizers with a pump is the best way to avoid contamination.
You May Like: Facial Skin Care Routine For Eczema
Triggers Of Eczema Flare
- Soaps. Never use bubble bath. It can cause a major flare-up.
- Pollens. Keep your child from lying on the grass during grass pollen season.
- Animals. Avoid any animals that make the rash worse.
- Foods. If certain foods cause severe itching , avoid them.
- Wool. Avoid wool fibers and clothes made of other scratchy, rough materials.
- Dry Air. Use a humidifier if the air in your home is dry.
- Herpes Virus Infection . Keep your child away from anyone with fever blisters . The herpes virus can cause a serious skin infection in children with eczema.
- Eczema is not caused by laundry soap you use to wash clothing.
What Causes Eczema In Infants And Children
Eczema is brought about by the complex interplay of a genetic predisposition and the childs environment. Many things from the climate to possible allergens can cause eczema to flare. We know that eczema tends to run in the families with a predisposition to other atopic diseases, such as food allergies, asthma and hay fever. Individuals with atopic dermatitis may lack certain proteins in the skin, which leads to greater sensitivity. Parents with eczema are more likely to have children with eczema. However, the exact way it passes from parents to children is still not known. Most children who have eczema will show signs of the condition in the first year of life. It tends to wax and wane in severity.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Best Over The Counter Lotion For Eczema
Treating Baby Eczema With Anti
Itching is definitely the worse part of eczema. Its not possible to make a baby understand that continuous scratching will aggravate eczema and may cause an infection. This is where topical but also oral antihistamines may help if the itching is severe.
They often help to break the cycle of scratching eczema which makes eczema worse. Some older types of antihistamines like Phenergan and Atarax make the brain drowsy and are primarily used at bedtime because they can help a baby get to sleep. Never use anti-itch creams on children younger than 2 before consulting your doctor first
What Else Is Happening At Johns Hopkins Today
We go out of our way to provide the comprehensive care our patients with eczema need. On a case-by-case basis, we communicate with one another whether in allergy, dermatology, psychology or infectious disease to put together the best course of treatment for each child.We are optimistic that future therapies and approaches to care for those with even severe eczema are going to be greatly improved with more research and that the creation of the Eczema Day Treatment Unit will help us conduct cutting edge research and answer questions we face every day seeing and treating patients.
Also Check: Medical Description Of Eczema Rash
What Causes Baby Eczema
A combination of genetic and environmental factors causes baby eczema. These factors include:
- Skin irritants and allergens: Several things in your babys environment can bother your childs skin. If your child has an allergy, symptoms of eczema can flare up on their skin. Common environmental irritants and allergens include fabrics, soaps and certain foods.
- Immune system reaction: Your babys immune system defends against foreign invaders like bacteria and viruses that can make your child sick. If your baby has eczema, their immune system can overreact and confuse healthy skin cells and small irritants in your babys environment as a foreign invader. As a result, your babys immune system will attack your babys skin cells which can cause symptoms of eczema.
- Genetics: During conception, the egg and sperm cells meet to give your child the building blocks of their body, which are their genes. Sometimes, changes to your babys DNA happen , which can affect how your babys body functions and develops. An eczema diagnosis could cause a lack of proteins in your babys body that are responsible for maintaining their skins protective barrier. If your childs protective barrier in their skin isnt working as expected, they could experience symptoms of eczema.
Emollients And Fire Safety
Lotions, creams or ointments used to moisturise your childs skin are also known as emollients.
Emollients are very effective at treating chronic dry skin conditions, such as eczema.
But it is important to be aware of the fire risk linked with them.
Emollients won’t cause a fire on their own. But if there is a build-up of emollient residue on clothing and bedding, this can quicken the speed of a fire.
Do not smoke near your baby or allow them near naked flames:
- while they are wearing emollient
- if they are wearing clothes or bandages that may have emollient on them
There is a fire risk with all paraffin-containing emollients. There may also even be a fire risk with paraffin-free emollients. There might also be a fire risk with other products that you put on skin over large body areas for more than a few days.
Washing clothing or fabric at a high temperature may reduce emollient build-up. But it might not totally remove it.
Recommended Reading: Eczema Treatment Triamcinolone Acetonide Cream
Try To Reduce The Damage From Scratching
Eczema is often itchy, and it can be very tempting to scratch the affected areas of skin.
But scratching usually damages the skin, which can itself cause more eczema to occur.
The skin eventually thickens into leathery areas as a result of chronic scratching.
Deep scratching also causes bleeding and increases the risk of your skin becoming infected or scarred.
Try to reduce scratching whenever possible. You could try gently rubbing your skin with your fingers instead.
If your baby has atopic eczema, anti-scratch mittens may stop them scratching their skin.
Keep your nails short and clean to minimise damage to the skin from unintentional scratching.
Keep your skin covered with light clothing to reduce damage from habitual scratching.