What Triggers Irritant Eyelid Contact Dermatitis
Irritant contact dermatitis may be triggered by contact with irritating substances and/or physical triggers.
Irritating substances that may cause irritant contact dermatitis of the eyelids include:
- Chemicals such as chlorine under goggles worn when swimming
- Dust particles
- Hydrophobic substances
- Cosmetics such as eyeliner, eye shadow, mascara and sunscreen
These substances may touch the eyelids directly or be transferred from the fingers .
Physical triggers that may cause irritant contact dermatitis include:
- Temperature extremes
- Humidity extremes
The Cause Of An Itchy Eyelid Can Be A Diagnostic Puzzle But Persistence Often Uncovers Some Common Culprits
The Lids: A Special Challenge
|Figure 1. A patient with itchy, swollen, erythematous eyelids after using topical antibiotic solution post-cataract extraction.
Common Culprits Ophthalmic solutions. Cosmetics.
|Figure 2. A patient with a history of chronic erythema, itching and puffiness of the eyelids. On patch testing, the patient was found to be allergic to fingernail polish.
Nails. Metals. Hair dye.Approaching the Patient Patch testing.
|Figure 3. Patch testing performed on a patient’s back. Allergens are applied to the back and remain there for 48 to 96 hours. Ophthalmic preparations may not penetrate the back skin readily and may require high concentrations or erosions on the skin for increased penetration so that patch testing can be performed accurately.
Treating the patient.Drs. Koo and Chang are in the Department of Ophthalmic Plastic, Orbital & Reconstructive Surgery at the Doheny Eye Institute, and Dr. Peng is in the Department of Dermatology at the University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine. Contact them at 1450 San Pablo St. Los Angeles, Calif. 90033.1. Valsecchi R, Imberti G, Martino D, Cainelli T. Eyelid dermatitis: An evaluation of 150 patients. Contact Dermatitis 1992 27:143-7.2. Shah M, Lewis FM, Gawkrodger DJ. Facial dermatitis and eyelid dermatitis: A comparison of patch test results and final diagnoses. Contact Dermatitis 1996 34:140-1.
Eczema On Eyelids Pictures
The face can be an especially sensitive area to undergo an outburst. It is difficult to remain discrete and can be extra irritation when interfering with eye function.
- Best over the counter Eczema cream for baby: tips, guides, pictures
- Symptoms of Eczema around, under, near & on Eyes: Causes, Treatments, pictures.
To determine if you are suffering from eczema on the eyelids, refer to the following photos to spot similarities. Talk to your doctor if you believe you or a loved one is suffering from eczema. Medicinal attention is crucial if a fever or infection develops or blinking functions are meddled.
You May Like: Can You Catch Eczema From Someone Else
Eczema Treatments: Over The Counter Prescription And Natural Remedies
- Eczema is an umbrella term for a group of inflammatory skin diseases that cause patches of dry, red, itchy skin
- Treatment involves a multimodal approach to include over the counter and prescription medications, and home remedies
- While there is not yet a cure, these treatments can effectively reduce the number and severity of flare-ups
Eczema comprises a group of inflammatory skin diseases that presents as red, raised patches of itchy, burning scaly skin. As there is no cure for eczema, treatments are intended to address symptoms, and reduce and control outbreaks.
Eczema can be a complicated disease to treat as flare-ups can be a result of any number of triggers. While it is understood it is caused by the interplay between the immune system and genetics, environmental factors and stress all play a role.
There is no one established treatment for eczema every person will respond differently to medications so treatment is tailored to what works best for you.
How To Remedy Eczema On Your Eyelids
When most people think of eczema, they think of an itchy, red, skin rash on the arms, legs, or even on the face and scalp. What you may not realize is that for the nearly 32% of Americans who deal with eczema also called ectopic dermatitis its possible to get eczema on your eyelids. Eyelid dermatitis is a common condition.
Here at Specialists in Dermatology in Tucson, Arizona, our expert dermatology team diagnoses and treats all kinds of skin conditions, including eczema and eyelid dermatitis. If your eyes are itchy and swollen, or you have a rash on your eyelid, heres what you can do to remedy it.
Don’t Miss: Best Disposable Diapers For Eczema
What Is The Treatment For Eyelid Contact Dermatitis
It is important to avoid contact with irritants and known or potential allergens, to ensure that the skin is healthy and able to form a waterproof barrier.
- Avoid rubbing and scratching.
- Only touch eyelids with clean, rinsed hands.
- Wash eyelids with plain water or use a cream cleanser designed for sensitive skin.
- Avoid all contact with allergens detected by patch tests this is necessary life-long.
- Avoid eyelid cosmetics while the dermatitis is active.
- Wear protective wrap-round spectacles if exposed to cold, wind, dust particles etc. Spectacles can also make it easier to stop scratching and rubbing the eyelids.
Short courses of mild topicalcorticosteroids or calcineurin inhibitors may be required to treat active inflammation. Severe contact dermatitis of the eyelids is usually treated with a short course of oral corticosteroids.
Can Eczema Cause Blindness
Eczema cant directly cause blindness. However, having eczema around your eyes increases your risk of eye conditions which can lead to blindness.
This risk increases the longer your eye eczema is left untreated. If youre experiencing an eczema flare-up around your eyes and start having vision problems you should consult your doctor ASAP.
Read Also: Best Products For Baby Eczema
What Are The Causes Of Eyelid Eczema
Unfortunately, the causes of eyelid eczema are related to genes. Those who ache from it carry a variation to impedes the bodys natural ability to protect skin against irritants, allergens, and bacteria. There are certain circumstances you can aggravate it trigger it. pollen is one of the triggers. stress, temperature, dryness, contact with wool, burlap, synthetic fabrics, and certain soaps can also be triggers. Sometimes there is no discernable cause.
Home Remedies Can Help
The best way to manage eczema around the eyes is to keep the skin in the area highly moisturized.
- Avoid drying face washes. Choose leave-on emollient products that keep the skin moisturized while they cleanse it.
- Avoid fragrances. Many skincare products contain added fragrances. Choose products that are fragrance-free.
- Use gentle products. Ask your dermatologist for recommendations for gentle moisturizers. These will keep skin moist and free from irritation.
- Wear sunscreen and sunglasses. Sun exposure can make the skin on your eyes more sensitive and lead to eczema outbreaks. Aim to limit exposure.
- Avoid triggers. If you know certain allergens or products trigger an outbreak, steer clear of these. Stick to tried-and-true favorites that you know dont irritate your skin.
Unfortunately, eczema is a persistent skin condition that is tricky to treat. For some people, eczema subsides over time as they get older. Other people, however, may have to deal with the condition throughout their lifetime.
As more information is gained on the condition, more effective treatment and symptom management options are becoming available. A combination of the above treatment options and preventative measures works best for most people.
Recommended Reading: Best Allergy Pill For Eczema
Other Treatments And Light Therapy For Severe Eczema
These drugs carry potentially serious side effects, such as an increased risk of developing dangerous infections and cancers.
If patients develop a skin infection that’s affected by eczema, doctors will prescribe antibiotic, antiviral, or antifungal drugs to treat it, depending on the particular cause.
Light therapy using ultraviolet waves is a common treatment for people with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis.
Skin improvements dont occur immediately but instead become evident after one to two months of treatments several times a week, according to the National Eczema Association. Light therapy is effective for up to 70 percent of people with eczema.
Burns, increased skin aging, and a higher risk of skin cancer are potential side effects, particularly if the patient receives light therapy for a long period of time.
In March 2017, the FDA approved a drug called Dupixent for the treatment of moderate to severe eczema in people who have not responded well to topical approaches. A self-administered injectable drug, dupilumab is sometimes used in conjunction with light therapy and works by blocking the activity of certain inflammatory chemicals in the body.
How To Treat Eczema On The Eyelids With Medicine
One of the first things doctors will advise you to use when asking how to treat eczema is antihistamines. Consider allergy medications such as benadryl to combat extreme itching. There are also topical ointments which may ease the tokens. emollients are available for treating eczema. Additionally, they take preventative measures by keeping moisture in the skin and preventing outbreaks. Topical corticosteroids may be recommended to deal with harsh traits. They can reduce redness. Rinse eyes if direct contact transpires. If you have stubborn or strong marks, converse with a dermatologist for a more powerful prescription.
Don’t Miss: Aveeno Baby Eczema Therapy Lotion
Eyelid Dermatitis Natural Treatment
There are many natural treatments for eyelid dermatitis. Throughout the list below you can discover some effective treatments for eyelid dermatitis such as Puriya Natural Mother Of All Creams, Thena Best Healing Natural Cream, and Cortizone 10. All may work well for your condition.
There are natural treatments available for eyelid contact dermatitis. An important part of long-term treatment is identifying triggers. Puriya Mother Of All Creams, Thena Best Healing Cream, and Cortizone 10 are featured below as products that can provide relief of eyelid dermatitis. Eyelid contact dermatitis can be caused by a bacterial infection, which makes it harder to treat in many cases. You probably want instant relief so trying one of the products below can help you achieve that. However, you should see a doctor for severe or worsening cases of eyelid contact dermatitis.
Things To Keep In Mind
Having eczema can put you at higher risk for developing other conditions. Eczema leaves your skin raw, leaving you more susceptible to bacteria entering your bloodstream. Skin conditions that commonly affect those with eczema on eyelids include:
- Pink eye . Pink eye is characterized by redness on the whites of your eyes, itchiness, sensitivity to light, watering that doesnât cease, and the presence of a sticky substance that crusts.
- Inflamed cornea . When your cornea is inflamed, your eyeball becomes infected, leading to pain and discomfort, watering, and sensitivity to light. Your cornea may change shape because of the infection, leading to changes in your vision.
- Nearsightedness. Permanent changes to your vision can occur, like nearsightedness, which affects your ability to see either close-up or far away.
- Blurry vision. Your cornea should be round. When the shape distorts, it changes how you see things by distorting images to the degree of your damage.
- Sensitivity to light. You may suddenly have difficulty driving at night when it is dark. Alternately, you may feel extra sensitivity to the sun.
âWhile eczema cannot be completely cured, there are many treatment options. If one treatment plan doesnât work, you can try another until you find the right products and strategies for your personal health.
Don’t Miss: Why Do I Have Eczema On My Elbows
What Is Eyelid Contact Dermatitis
Eyelid contact dermatitis can have similar symptoms to eyelid dermatitis. Eyelid contact dermatitis is usually caused by contact with a trigger substance, allergy, or irritant. Basically its an inflammatory reaction of the eyelid skin or surrounding areas. Eyelid skin is very thin and sensitive making it prone to developing contact dermatitis. Triggers can cause inflammation of the eyelid or eyelids but not cause reactions or inflammation on other parts of the skin.
Allergic Contact Dermatitis With Eyelid Involvement
For ACD patients with eyelid dermatitis, the seven most common contact allergen groups were identified as follows : metals shellac preservatives topical antibiotics fragrances acrylates and surfactants.
For a considerable number of allergens, reaction rates in patients with eyelid involvement were lower than those in patients without eyelid involvement and lower than those in general patch test populations, as shown in Table 2. For example, positive reaction rates to fragrance mix and to a broad palate of preservatives were lower in patients with eyelid involvement. These findings might call into question the commonly offered clinical explanation of the thin eyelid epitheliums particular susceptibility to ACD. However, patients with eyelid involvement did show higher reaction rates to a few allergens, ie shellac, BAK, acrylates, and surfactants.
Of note, the relevance rates for patch test data shown in Table 2 are high in this study, reflecting a select population of patch test patients where the dermatologists clinical index of suspicion for contact dermatitis was high.
Nonetheless, patients with eyelid dermatitis in this study were not necessarily diagnosed with dermatitis limited only to the eyelids. Future studies conducted on larger populations might limit diagnoses to eyelid skin involvement only.
Read Also: Which Soap Is Good For Eczema
Is There Eczema On Eyelids Home Remedies
If you want to avoid creams and chemicals, there are some home remedies for eczema on eyelids. There are special bandages or bodysuits that allow your figure to heal without further aggravating symptoms. One of the best treatments is preventing an outbreak altogether. Try to figure out your potential triggers to discover how to remove sources. Is there a certain time of the year where your symptoms flare up? Are there certain products that result in an outbreak? What instigates your relatives outbreak? You may want to visit an allergist to ascertain this.
- Swollen Lymph Nodes in Neck, Groin, Armpit, Throat, under the Jaw, Chin.
- What is Eczema: Full list of Symptoms, Causes, Signs and Definition info.
A simple change of laundry detergent or shampoo may make a difference. Try to keep your home at a comfortable temperature and humidity, especially your bedroom. The next thing you want to prevent is damage once a flare has occurred. Do not scratch affected areas as that damages skin and leads to the further development of it. Continued scratching may lead to more problems or even scarring and infection. Instead of scratches, soothe by gently rubbing infected areas. If you are handling babies, invest in some antiscratch mittens and make keep their fingernails cut and short. Lacerations from scraping are bad.
There are also natural creams and ointments that you can use to treat it. Using generous amounts of lotion regularly can help block and soothe eczema.
Diagnosis & Treatment Options
Eczema is not a contagious condition. There is also no cure for it.
There are many treatment options that can help to manage eczema breakouts, reducing their severity and frequency. Eczema treatment is focused on repairing damaged skin and alleviating uncomfortable symptoms.
Current treatment options include:
- Topical corticosteroid creams and ointments. Anti-inflammatory creams target skin itchiness and inflammation.
- Systemic corticosteroids. Prescription corticosteroids can be swallowed or injected when topical creams are not effective enough.
- Antibiotics. These are prescribed when a bacterial skin infection is also present.
- Antifungal/antiviral medications. These are used to treat fungal or viral infections related to eczema.
- Antihistamines. These reduce itchiness and improve sleep.
- Topical calcineurin inhibitors. These are used to decrease inflammation of the immune system that is causing flareups.
- Skin barrier-repairing moisturizers. These help to keep moisture in and repair the skin.
- . Ultraviolet A or B light waves can be used to treat moderate eczema.
- Wet wrap therapy. This treatment is used for severe eczema. Three lukewarm baths per day are given, followed by the application of topical medications and moisturizers. The skin is then wrapped in wet gauze.
Read Also: Best Over The Counter Medicine For Eczema
What Else Could It Be
When you are dealing with eyelid eczema, you will visit the doctor often. Together, you will determine whether your skin is improving or degrading, and you will work on a treatment plan that can help you feel better. Sometimes, you will need to change course.
Typically, medicated creams bring relief within about three weeks, and when they do, you stop using them. Then, you will talk to your doctor if the issue comes back. If it does, something else might be triggering your outbreaks.
The American Academy of Ophthalmology points out that skin creams and moisturizers often trigger eczema. They can contain:
If you’ve switched to an over-the-counter cream to prevent the next outbreak, that solution could be causing your current misery.
You may also be triggered by something in your environment. Researchers say up to 74 percent of cases of eyelid eczema are caused by contact dermatitis, and for some patients, it can take up to seven years to get the right diagnosis.
Your doctor can suggest allergen testing. The results can help you pinpoint the issues that spark your symptoms, and you could be surprised by what you find out. Patients have been diagnosed with sensitivities to nail polish remover, for example, but only their eyelids swelled with exposure.
Work with your doctor and be persistent as you search for your trigger. Once you find it, you will have the information you need to protect yourself against further outbreaks.
How Is Eyelid Eczema Treated
While it may be difficult living with eyelid eczema and pinpointing the cause, the good news is that eyelid eczema treatment is often effective and readily available. If youve identified a trigger for your symptoms, whether its due to allergies or to irritants, eliminating that trigger and doing what you can to not come in contact with it is your best and first method of treatment. For example, if you find your eyelid eczema flares up after you eat a certain food, its important that you remove that food from your diet.
You may also receive a prescription from your doctor for an oral corticosteroid or short-term topical solution. This will help to reduce the itching, inflammation, and swelling. Over-the-counter topical treatments such as creams and sprays are readily available as well. It is essential to check the ingredient list to make sure the product does not contain any of your identified triggers, especially if your eyelid eczema is offset by allergies. Many products recommend that you test a sample of it against your skin first, and if any irritation occurs, to stop use. The point to these products is that they soothe your symptoms, not irritate them even more.
Some products do have preservatives and certain ingredients you should look out for. Avoid products that have:
Recommended Reading: Best Bath Soap For Eczema