Can A Lack Of Vitamin D Cause Eczema
There is evidence to suggest that taking a vitamin D supplement can help some people manage their eczema symptoms.
Its thought that many of us living in the UK are deficient in vitamin D, especially in the winter months when sunlight is low . Try taking a daily vitamin D supplement for two or three months to see if it makes a difference to your skin.
What Causes Eczema In Adults
Though its not so common, people can develop eczema later in life, even if theyve never suffered from the chronic condition before. Whats going on, and what can you do about it?
Its tricky to diagnose or determine the main cause of adult-onset eczema, as everyones eczema presents differently. Overall, though, eczema in adults tends to act the same way as most variants of eczema: inflammation plus a faulty skin barrier makes skin dry, sore, and insanely itchy.
What causes adult-onset eczema?
Most people living with eczema can hardly remember not having it, and more often than not eczema starts at a very young age. About 1 in 5 children have childhood eczema, but most outgrow it as they get older. When diagnosed in adults, however, the condition tends to persist, meaning that its something they might always be prone to, even if flares come and go.
Studies have shown that adult-onset eczema is more common than one would expect, and it tends to present differently than when diagnosed in childhood.
Physiological changes to the skin as it ages is likely to be the main culprit as the skin structure changes over the years, wrinkles start to form, and the skin becomes more fragile, less elastic, and more sensitive to damage and irritation, as well as slower to heal.
Add general health and well-being to the mix, and anything from hormonal changes to developing allergies can make people more susceptible to experiencing eczema for the first time.
Managing adult-onset eczema
Emollients For Washing And Bath/shower Equipment
Soaps, shower gels and bubble baths can dry out the skin. Its best to use an emollient wash product or a leave-on emollient as a soap substitute. The exception to this is washing the hands while Covid-19 remains a threat. The Covid-19 virus is not fat-soluble so it will not be removed by washing with emollients alone soap is needed. If you have hand eczema, any residual soap will aggravate the eczema, so wash your hands again with your emollient. Then pat them dry with a soft towel and re-apply emollient.
Your GP may refer you to the Community Occupational Therapy Service if you need special bath/shower equipment for safety or if you have difficulty getting in or out of the bath/shower. They can fit a bath seat, grab-rails, a seat in the shower or an alarm if you get into difficulties.
Emollient bath oils make the shower tray and bath more slippery. Use non-slip bath mats to help reduce the risk of slipping. Support bars fixed to the wall in the shower or by the bath will provide extra safety when showering/bathing. Pour bath emollient into the bath after you get in rather than before. As an extra precaution its a good idea to empty out bath water before getting out of the bath. Be careful not to knock your legs, as this could lead to ulcers.
See National Eczema Societys Emollients factsheet for more information.
Also Check: Why Does Eczema Keep Coming Back
Can Water Cause Eczema
Being in constant contact with water, say for your job, can cause contact eczema to become worse. But simply showering in water thats too hot can also lead to a flare up of symptoms.
Also, living in an area with very hard water can also have an impact on your skin. As can living in an area with highly chlorinated water. Your local water company will be able to help you work out if your water is very hard or chlorinated.
If so, and you think that your daily shower could be making your eczema worse, then take short showers and avoid bathing . You can also buy water softeners and dechlorinating showerheads that attach to your taps and showers that can also help.
Treatment For Adult Eczema
Dermatologists emphasize that moisturizing twice a day with one of the many over-the-counter emollient lotions or creams is the cornerstone of eczema treatment, along with the application of nonsteroidal creams to inflamed lesions or flared areas of the body.
Corticosteroid ointment, either OTC or prescription strength, should be used judiciously and for no longer than one to two weeks at a time. Antihistamines help to relieve itch.
For serious flare-ups, oral medications such as Prednisone are used to reduce inflammation. Topical calcineurin inhibitors , which are steroid-free medications that affect specific cells of the immune system, help lessen redness, itch and swelling.
Another class of topical medication, known as PDE4 inhibitors, block an enzyme linked to inflammation. For very severe cases of atopic dermatitis, systemic immunosuppressant drugs may be used.
Because older adults tend to have comorbidities multiple medical conditions these powerful medications must be used with caution. Phototherapy is also useful.
Dupilumab , the first injectable biologic drug approved for moderate to severe eczema, blocks the actions of key substances involved in the inflammatory process and also influences nerves in the skin, reducing the perception of itch. Alexis says it’s a very safe and effective drug that typically works well in older people, with few or no side effects.
Also Check: Homemade Face Wash For Eczema
If You Are Uncertain What To Do Or What Level Of Risk Applies You Should Discuss The Matter With Your Doctor Health Care Workers With Extensive Active Eczema Should Seek Professional Guidance On Possible Re
It is not the policy of the Eczema Association of Australasia Inc to recommend or endorse any product or treatment.It is part of the role of the Association to provide information on a wide range of products and treatments to keep those involved with eczema as fully informed as possible as to all options available. For medical advice, consult your health professional.
Does A Leaky Gut Cause Eczema
A leaky gut means that the thin mucous membrane barrier between our intestines and the rest of the body is damaged. This can mean that toxins and partially digested food can leak from the gut into the bloodstream and can then reach the skin.
The evidence for the connection between a leaky gut, gut disease in general and eczema is unclear currently. But research continues into this connection and how it could be important in the long term treatment of eczema.
Recommended Reading: Eczema And Swollen Lymph Nodes
Social And Sexual Problems
One of the main problems of eczema socially is that there are still many members of the population who think it may be contagious, infectious or unhygienic. Many people with eczema on their hands get embarrassed because they see people staring at them. If you cant say it outright, try and slip into the conversation that you have eczema and that it is neither infectious nor contagious and certainly not unhygienic. You may like to make a joke about how often you have to bathe and how scrupulous you have to be with your laundry and house cleaning. A joke thats not really joke is a very powerful way of getting a message across! If you have eczema on your hands you may find wearing cotton mittens helpful in this respect.
Dont stay away from life or wait until your eczema disappears before you enter it. Friendships are very important to all of us and the person with eczema is no different. You dont have to be the life and soul of the party or go to parties at all if you dont like them. Better to find interests and activities that you enjoy and try and forget about the eczema. This way you can meet kindred spirits, most of whom will be far more interested in you than in your skin condition.
- Vaginal deodorants
- Talcum powder, perfumed soaps and bubble bath.
- Nylon underwear. .
- Very tight clothing and clothing that rubs.
- Rough toilet paper.
Understanding Atopic Dermatitis In Adulthood
When you say eczema, most people think of atopic dermatitis. Thats for good reason: atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. Its hallmark is the itch-scratch-rash cycle. First, you feel an itch, and you scratch it. Then you develop a red, swollen rash, which may then crack, weep or bleed. Afterward, the rash will crust over and form scaly patches. Sometimes, youll go into a period of remission, without any flare-ups of eczema, only to experience an exacerbation later on down the road.
As many as 60% of people who had atopic dermatitis as children go on to experience it in adulthood. If you first developed this form of eczema as a baby or young child, as many people with eczema do, youre well acquainted with the cycle. Youve probably dealt with it countless times over the years. And youve probably developed a successful routine for managing any exacerbations.
If you developed atopic dermatitis as an adult, however, it may take you some time to recognize the telltale itch and be prepared for the rash. Your doctor can talk to you about the appropriate treatment, which usually starts with topical corticosteroid creams. Youll have to learn how to treat your skin carefully, which includes regular moisturization. Youll also have to work on resisting the urge to scratch your skin, which can cause further damage and even lead to infections.
Read Also: What Is Eczema On The Face
Also Check: Best Natural Remedy For Baby Eczema
Can Oatmeal Cause Eczema
If you have a gluten allergy, then some oats are off limits for you. Whilst oats dont actually contain gluten, theyre often grown in fields next to wheat which can contaminate oat products with gluten. Eating oats can therefore trigger your eczema symptoms.
But oats can cause eczema symptom flare ups as a result of another protein in them called avenin. Its not common to be sensitive to avenin, but people that are can experience worse symptoms of eczema after eating oats.
Symptoms Of Atopic Eczema
Atopic eczema causes the skin to become itchy, dry, cracked and sore.
Some people only have small patches of dry skin, but others may experience widespread inflamed skin all over the body.
Inflamed skin can become red on lighter skin, and darker brown, purple or grey on darker skin. This can also be more difficult to see on darker skin.
Although atopic eczema can affect any part of the body, it most often affects the hands, insides of the elbows, backs of the knees and the face and scalp in children.
People with atopic eczema usually have periods when symptoms are less noticeable, as well as periods when symptoms become more severe .
You May Like: Aveeno Baby Eczema Therapy Lotion
Read Also: Best Otc Medicine For Eczema
Why Choose Mount Sinai
At our Center of Excellence in Eczema directed by Dr. Emma Guttman, MD, we treat eczema patients from all over the world. Thanks to our research efforts, we can offer the most advanced therapies for this condition.
We can also test to see if you have an allergy that is making your eczema worse, or is causing contact dermatitis. We design our patch testing to meet your individual needs. Studies have found that food allergies can make eczema symptoms worse in some children. When appropriate, we may refer you to the food allergy experts of the Elliot and Roslyn Jaffe Food Allergy Institute at Mount Sinai.
We perform laboratory research and conduct clinical trials in eczema therapies. This means our patients have access to the very latest treatments.
What Can I Expect If Ive Been Diagnosed With Eczema
Nearly half of children with eczema will outgrow the condition or experience great improvement by the time they reach puberty. Others will continue to have some form of the disease. For adults with eczema, the disease can be generally well-managed with good skin care and treatment, although flare-ups of symptoms can occur throughout life.
Also Check: Eczema Cream For 2 Year Old
Can You Get Eczema As An Adult
Adults can get any type of eczema, including atopic dermatitis , which many people consider a childhood disease.
When AD begins after your 18th birthday, dermatologists call it adult-onset atopic dermatitis. Youd receive this diagnosis if you never had AD before. A peak time for developing adult-onset AD is in your 50s.
AD and the eyes
In adults, atopic dermatitis often develops on skin around the eyes.
Some adults who have AD had it as a child. Its possible for AD to go away in childhood and return years later. When the AD returns, its often much milder.
For some children, the AD never goes away, so its a lifelong disease. This happened to Peter Moffat, the award-winning writer of the British TV series Criminal Justice. You can read about how AD affects his life by going to: Adults with eczema too often suffer in silence
Living With Atopic Dermatitis
For eczema sufferers, the frequent, severe itching and unpredictability of flare-ups is frustrating. It can be hard to sleep and the sometimes disfiguring or unattractive lesions can cause self-consciousness, leading to social withdrawal and higher than normal incidences of anxiety and depression.
Years ago I scratched so much that I had constant sores on my hands, feet and legs, but things are much better now.”
Ellen Scheib of Fort Lauderdale, Fla., a 64-year-old medical transcriptionist, developed a severe case of atopic dermatitis at 45. It started with a patch on her forehead, spread rapidly to other areas of her body, and at times, she says, I was covered with bleeding, oozing lesions from my neck to my toes.
For years, she underwent skin biopsies and hospitalizations, receiving differing diagnoses and becoming increasingly discouraged. Periods of fewer flare-ups were followed by a resurgence of symptoms.
After finally receiving a definitive diagnosis of atopic dermatitis, she began injections of a novel biologic drug every other week and things dramatically improved. For the first time in decades, she has weathered the hot Florida sun in shorts, sleeveless shirts and bathing suits.
It has been a strange summer, but I feel like this medication has given me a life again, Scheib says.
Hine also takes a daily antihistamine, uses a dehumidifier and soaks in a weekly lukewarm bath with colloidal oatmeal or baking soda.
Also Check: Dermatologist That Specialize In Eczema
Adult Eczema In Older People Of Color
Early diagnosis and treatment are particularly important in older people of color. Because of decreased skin barrier function, Alexis points out, these patients tend to have more severe flare-ups, with intense itching and poorer quality of life. Patients with darker skin experience more pigmentary changes, with skin thickened from chronic scratching appearing darker than surrounding skin. Prolonged use of topical steroids can lead to hypopigmentation .
Atopic dermatitis can have different visual manifestations and immunologic patterns across the spectrum of racial tones, explains Alexis. Rather than fire-engine red, lesions and rashes in richly pigmented skin appear grayish, violet or reddish brown. In people of African descent, the morphology may be multiple isolated follicular papules or prurigo nodularis, with the presence of firm, raised, intensely itchy bumps.
Diffuse areas of dry skin and dark undereye circles are more often seen in African American patients with atopic dermatitis than in those with lighter skin.
Atopic dermatitis has unique immunologic characteristics in Asians, who often experience clearly demarcated lesions, prominent scaling, increased thickening and a leathery feel to skin .
Never Had Eczema Before: What Triggers Eczema In Adults
Although eczema is usually seen as a childhood disease which most sufferers grow out of, some people who had eczema as a child can flare up again in middle age or in retirement, while others can develop eczema for the first time in later life.
This is known as adult onset atopic dermatitis, and although its an under-recognised condition it does seem to be on the increase across the world. The reason why it happens isnt totally understood yet, but there seem to be various different factors that increase the risk of developing eczema later in life:
- Change in environmental conditions
- Exposure to a new allergen
- Sensitisation to topical steroids
- Hereditary susceptibility
One theory suggests that adult onset eczema only appears in people whove had a tendency towards atopic disease all their lives, but changes in their environment, stress levels or health cause new outbreaks. Whatever the reason, its important to get a definite diagnosis of eczema or atopic dermatitis if it appears suddenly in adulthood, to rule out other possibilities as well as to find an effective treatment regime.
If you require medical advice we recommend you always contact your healthcare professional.
Do not delay getting help if you’re worried. Trust your instincts.
Recommended Reading: How To Treat Weeping Eczema
The Difference Between Causes And Triggers
Whilst having eczema is caused by irritants, allergens and genetics, there are a number of factors that can trigger flare ups.
This means that a trigger such as sweating might cause a flare up, but it hasnt actually caused you to have eczema in the first place.
There are numerous triggers for eczema and individuals react differently to different substances.
Here, we discuss these triggers so that you can decide whether or not they might be causing your eczema to flare up.
Diagnosing Food Allergy And Eczema Flare
- Your childs doctor may suggest the steps listed below:
- Remove the suspected food or foods from your childs diet for 2 weeks. The eczema should greatly improve.
- Then give your child that food when the eczema is under good control. This is called a challenge.
- If the food is causing flare-ups, the eczema should become itchy and red. The flare-up should occur quickly within 2 hours of eating the food.
- If this occurs, avoid giving this food to your child. Talk to your childs doctor about the need for any food substitutes.
- If the eczema does not flare-up, your child isnt allergic to that food.
Dont Miss: Can Stress And Anxiety Cause Eczema
Read Also: How To Help With Baby Eczema