Checking For Signs Of Flea Allergies
Flea allergies are quite common for cats. Your veterinarian will check your cat for fleas at the appointment. Interestingly, because allergic cats overgroom, they may remove all or most of the fleas present, so your veterinarian might not see any fleas on your cat. But just because fleas are not seen does not mean they are not the cause for your cats skin disease.
Your veterinarian will ask if you are using monthly flea prevention. If you are not, they will recommend a product that you will apply to your cats skin monthly. Using an effective flea prevention and assessing your cats response to it will help to figure out if your cat is allergic to fleas.
It is especially important to use a veterinarian-recommended flea prevention every month to control fleas. This will not only treat and prevent a cats flea allergies, but it will also reduce any itching caused by fleas.
What Is Feline Miliary Dermatitis
Feline miliary dermatitis is a general term used to describe a skin condition in cats that most commonly results from an allergic reaction. The term ‘miliary’ is derived from the word milium, which is Latin for ‘millet’, as the small crusted lesions of miliary dermatitis resemble millet seeds. Frequently these lesions can be felt rather than seen.
“In some cases, even touching the affected skin causes the cat to scratch, lick, or twitch.”
Clinically, the patient has a very itchy rash and may lick, bite, and scratch at the affected skin. In some cases, even touching the affected skin causes the cat to scratch, lick, or twitch. The rash quickly progresses to small lesions with scabs on them these may be the result of self-trauma, or the result of the allergic reaction itself. The most commonly affected areas include: lower spine and around the base of the tail, face, ears, neck, flanks, and belly. The coat often becomes thin in affected areas. In severe cases, the rash becomes infected, which is seen as pustules or pimple-like lesions. Affected cats spend a lot of time grooming and scratching the affected areas.
Gentle Soaps And Detergents
Laundry detergent can contain harsh chemicals that aggravate eczema.
Many body washes and cleansers contain detergents, which help provide a soapy lather. Detergents and other lathering agents can dry out the skin, especially in people with eczema.
Bar soaps can also be harsh on the skin because of their alkalinity.
Try using a gentle, no-lather, fragrance-free cleanser. Avoid products with rough particles for scrubbing or exfoliating, as these can further irritate the skin.
Many people with eczema also find that switching to a more gentle, fragrance- or color-free laundry detergent can help improve symptoms.
Additionally, try skipping fabric softener, which lingers on clothes and often contains fragrances and chemicals that can irritate the skin.
Sitting next to a fireplace or near a furnace may feel good, but it can worsen eczema symptoms. The hot, dry air can dehydrate the skin and aggravate the itchiness of eczema.
Use a humidifier during the dry winter months and avoid getting too close to heaters and fireplaces.
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Better Living With Cats And Eczema
If you think your cat might be triggering your eczema symptoms, you dont have to kick the kitty out. Heres how to live a little more comfortably with your cat.
- Bathe your cat every now and then. You can wash away some of the saliva and dander that could be bringing out your symptoms. Just make sure to ask your vet about how often its safe to do this so you dont end up trading your skin irritation for your cats.
- Banish cats from the bedroom). You spend a big chunk of your time in bed. While cats are great for cuddles, your skin will thank you for keeping an allergen-free bed.
- Use allergen covers for the mattress and pillows. If you cant kick kitty out of bed, this is a great option. These fabrics can help prevent allergen buildup and make cleaning easier.
- Try an air filter. A HEPA filter can remove some of the dander from your living space.
- Reconsider carpet and fabric-covered furniture. This type of decor could hang on to dander. Launder and vacuum those items more often.
PSA: If you love cats, it might be tempting to believe that you can get a special breed that wont trigger eczema flares. But totally hypoallergenic cats arent really a thing. Some breeds may have less fur to shed, but their saliva is still an allergen.
We get it, you love your cat and will snuggle them even if you are raw and itchy. Here are some tips for soothing your eczema symptoms.
Clinical Features Of Canine Ad
In dogs, clinical signs of an environmental allergy mainly develop between 6 months and 3 years of age . Erythema is a primary lesion of canine AD pruritus and inflammation can result in self-induced alopecia, excoriation and secondary infections with papules, pustules and crusts . Axillae, ventral abdomen, distal extremities, inner pinnae and periocular, perioral and perianal regions are commonly affected . Otitis externa is present in half of the dogs with AD. Predilection sites differ from breed to breed . Even though dogs can have multiple target organs for hypersensitivities , the contact with environmental allergens predominantly induces skin lesions in this species . There is no evidence for the progression of initially exclusive cutaneous lesions to respiratory signs and systemic hypersensitivities comparable to the atopic march in humans . In contrast to the cat, clinical examination in the dog frequently provides clues on the pathogenesis of the pruritus as to the presence of flea bite hypersensitivity versus environmentally-induced atopy or AFR. The former is characterized by pruritus focused on the dorsal lumbosacral area, ventral abdomen, tailbase and thighs.
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Balancing The Skins Acidity Levels
Vinegar is highly acidic. The skin is naturally acidic, but people with eczema may have less acidic skin than others, which can weaken the skins defenses.
Applying diluted apple cider vinegar could help balance the skins acidity levels, but vinegar can cause burns if it is not diluted.
In contrast, many soaps, detergents, and cleansers are alkaline. They can disrupt the acidity of the skin, which can leave the skin vulnerable to damage. This may explain why washing with certain soaps can cause eczema flares.
Clinical Features Of Feline Atopy
The manifestation of specific cutaneous reaction patterns can indicate an allergic primary cause in cats. These involve head and neck pruritus, miliary dermatitis characterised by small crusted papules, self-induced alopecia without any other clinical lesions and eosinophilic lesions such as eosinophilic indolent ulcers, eosinophilic granulomas and eosinophilic plaques . In rare cases, untypical AD symptoms such as plasma-cell pododermatitis, seborrhoea, ceruminous otitis, facial erythema and exfoliative dermatitis were reported . Additionally noncutaneous signs such as sneezing, coughing, conjunctivitis, diarrhoea or vomiting can be presented in affected cats . The disease onset can vary, but commonly it is under 3 years , whereas the mean age for AFR is slightly higher with a range from 3 months to 11 years . In contrast to the dog, flea-bite hypersensitivity and environmentally induced and AFR look much more similar in the cat .
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Avoid Washing Your Face Multiple Times A Day
If youre experiencing dry skin, it may be best to only wash your face at night, unless youre working out.
This cleanses your face after a long day of collecting dirt and helps prevent you from eliminating necessary oils from the skin.
Dont exfoliate your skin on a daily basis. Instead, try just once per week. This can reduce irritation associated with harsh scrubbing.
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Recovery Of Contact Dermatitis In Cats
Recovery and prognosis for this condition are generally good for mild cases. Always follow your vets post-treatment instructions carefully, and administer any prescribed medications for the full duration of the treatment period even if symptoms start to improve. If you need to bathe your cat, wear gloves if the irritant is still present on your cats coat in order to avoid exposing yourself to a harmful chemical.
Youll need to make sure you employ preventative measures following treatment for contact dermatitis. If your cat has been diagnosed with an allergy, you will need to make sure that you dont allow your cat to come into contact with the allergen, where possible. You may want to limit your cats outdoor activity, particularly if you dont know what caused the reaction. Always keep all household cleaning products out of reach of your cat. Ensure you clean up any spilled chemicals immediately.
Follow-up appointments to monitor contact dermatitis are generally not necessary. However, if the condition does not seem to be improving with treatment or appears to be getting worse, contact your vet immediately.
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Dry Skin Symptoms And Signs
Early symptoms of dryness include skin feeling tight or rough. Itâs important to address the condition before the skin becomes severely dry or cracked. âDry skin is more than a nuisanceâthe condition can cause irritation and discomfort when not treated properly. For example, one sign of dry skin is crackingâalso known as skin fissuresâ which occurs when the skin loses its ability to hold moisture, thus compromising the skinâs moisture barrier,â says Lisa Adams, Skincare expert at CurÃ©l Brand.
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My Cat Is Indoors So She Can’t Have Pollen Allergies
Actually, environmental allergies, including pollens, are worse indoors because of the concentration of the allergens in a closed environment. They often come in through windows, doors, and on our shoes and clothing.
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Causes Of Feline Miliary Dermatitis In Cats
Cats can develop this skin condition from one of many causes, or a combination of several:
- Flea bite hypersensitivity
- Bacterial infections
- Drug hypersensitivity
- Immune-mediated diseases
- Contact allergies
In warm-climate areas or flea-infested areas, this skin condition can develop more frequently in cats. Cold-winter regions may see this condition develop much more often in the summer months.
Your Treatment Plan May Need Adjustments
If you continue to have flare-ups after following the treatment plan prescribed by your dermatologist, tell your dermatologist. It can take time to find the right treatment for dyshidrotic eczema.
In studying dyshidrotic eczema, dermatologists have found that the following can be effective.
Treatment for excessive sweating: If you sweat profusely where you have blisters, treatment that helps to control the sweating can be effective. To treat the excessive sweating, your dermatologist may prescribe:
A prescription antiperspirant that you apply to the area
Injections of botulinum toxin where you have dyshidrotic eczema
Most people think of botulinum toxin as a treatment for wrinkles and frown lines. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has also approved it to treat excessive sweating.
Studies suggest that excessive sweating may trigger dyshidrotic eczema. By reducing the profuse sweating, some people are able to reduce flare-ups. If your dermatologist recommends botulinum toxin, protect your health by seeing a board-certified dermatologist for this treatment.
Stronger medication: People who have dyshidrotic eczema likely have a hypersensitivity. Its believed that this hypersensitivity causes the blisters. Applying corticosteroids to your skin can help lessen this hypersensitivity, but some patients need stronger medication.
Seeing an allergist can be helpful if you continue to have flare-ups
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Natural Products & Home Remedies For Cat Skin Conditions
When it comes to making our feline friends comfortable, pet owners will go to any length to provide them with relief, especially if theyre in pain. Because skin ailments and allergies are often lifelong chronic conditions, its helpful to consider the benefit of all-natural treatments you can do at home. In addition to soothing your cats irritated skin, certain home remedies offer a healthier alternative to chemical-laden treatments.
There are a number of oral supplements and liquids available to promote your cats overall health and well-being, particularly if hes on an organic or special diet. You may also shop online or at your local pet store for all-natural products, including hypoallergenic foods, organic bedding, paraben-free toys and other allergen-free essentials for your cat. As in all cases, be sure to check with your veterinarian before administering any type of medication, remedy or treatment to your pet.
Signs Of Dry Skin On Dogs
- Itching or scratching
- Increased oiliness
Just like when a person has dry skin, itching or scratching, and dandruff or flaky skin are commonly seen symptoms in dogs with dry skin. Scratching and licking dry skin may also lead to redness and hair loss from damage to the follicles. If the skin is irritated enough, scabs can form, an odor may develop, pimples may pop up, and the skin may become extra oily.
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Reduce The Inflammation And Soothe The Itch
All cats that suffer from allergic skin disease are very itchy. At the first visit, your veterinarian may prescribe corticosteroids, such as prednisone, to alleviate the itch and inflammation in the skin.
For all skin diseases, bathing your cat can help to reduce inflammation and soothe their skin. Since most cats dont like baths, you may want to try a product like a mousse or a dry shampoo for cats that can clean your cat while avoiding water. Ask your veterinarian to recommend the right product for your cat.
Behavioral Treatment: Environmental Enrichment
The behavioral consultation lasted approximately 1 h and a half. Genetic origin, behavioral development, cats temperament, access to resources , time-budget, humancat relationship, inter-cat relationship, and enrichment were carefully assessed in order to fill in the welfare score. The anamnesis consisted in listing each situation possibly impairing the cat welfare: distress, conflicts, and frustrations. Following our hypothesis, IUD being the result of the discrepancy between the cat ethological needs and its living conditions, the modification of its environment should obviously lead to resolution of the condition. The living conditions modifications implemented in our study followed the usual recommendations proposed in previous publications . Environmental enrichment can be defined as any addition to the environment of an animal resulting in a presumed increase in the environments quality, and a subsequent presumed improvement to the animals welfare . Animate and inanimate strategies were then proposed to the cat in order to :
Increase behavioral diversity
Reduce the frequency of abnormal behavior
Increase the range or number of normal behavior patterns
Increase positive utilization of the environment
Increase the ability to cope with challenges in a more normal way.
We, therefore, gave several recommendations for each IUD cat, adapted to each case.
Removing All Frustrations and Restoring Control on Its Environment
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Whats The Difference Between Dry Skin And Eczema In Babies
Wondering if that dry patch is actually a sign that your sweetie might have a more serious skin issue? Dry skin and eczema can have some symptoms in common. But there a few ways to tell the difference .
- Eczema patches have a more distinct appearance. Run-of-the-mill dry skin can look rough or scaly. But skin with eczema can also be inflamed, and can look red or pink or red-brown, purplish or grayish . Skin with eczema can also develop tiny, fluid-filled pimples that eventually burst.
- Eczema shows up in different spots. Both eczema and dry skin can appear on your babys hands, feet, face and lips. But its also common for eczema to develop in areas not typically prone to regular dryness, such as behind your babys ears, on her scalp, in the creases of her elbows or behind her knees.
- Eczema may not just flare up when its cold or dry. Like dry skin, eczema can worsen due to cold or dry weather or from too-warm baths. But if your baby has eczema, you might also notice her skin can become irritated by moisture , dust, scratchy fabrics and certain soaps or detergents. Keep in mind, however, that eczema affects every child differently.
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Managing Atopic Dermatitis In Cats
Atopic dermatitis is a diagnosis of exclusion. This means that your cat has consistently been on flea preventatives, has completed a food trial, and is still very itchy. At this point, the treatment options include:
Continuing to use corticosteroids
Using an immunomodulatory medication like Atopica
Blood testing for allergies to start immunotherapy
Corticosteroids are anti-inflammatories, which means that they reduce the inflammation associated with cat skin allergies. Commonly used corticosteroids are prednisolone and triamcinolone.
Possible side effects include increased thirst and kidney injury. In cats, corticosteroids are usually quite safe, but they must be used at a dose that is as low as possible while still controlling your cats skin disease.
Atopica, also called cyclosporine, suppresses the immune system cells that are associated with allergies so there is less inflammation. Possible side effects of cyclosporine are stomach upset and diarrhea, but it is generally considered safe in cats.
The final possibility for atopic dermatitis is immunotherapy, or allergy shots. Immunotherapy means that we are trying to change how the immune system sees the antigens so that it no longer reacts.
This starts with a blood or skin test to figure out exactly what environmental antigens your cat is reacting to. Once the test has shown what your cat is allergic too, a laboratory makes a serum of the antigens.
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