The Possible Dangers Of Eczema In Children
Although this may seem like a relatively tame skin condition that is rather common and can be handled easily, there are some serious dangers if left untreated.
It’s important to know that children with eczema are much more susceptible to other bacterial skin infections, especially in the areas where the rash is the worst. Scratching can also cause thickened, darkened, or scarred skin over time. If untreated, the rash can be unsightly, so it may present a social challenge for a child, too.
The biggest concern is an infection called impetigo. Though your child may try to get relief by scratching with his hands or by rubbing his face against the sheet during sleep, this scratching and rubbing can further irritate or inflame the skin and make matters much worse. Scratching can cause infection to set in. Signs that this is occurring are increased redness of the skin around the rash and a honey-colored fluid oozing from the rash or forming a crust over the rash.
Be sure to give the doctor a call if your child develops a fever or other signs of an infection, such as the area being warm to the touch, oozing, or having a yellow crust. These are signs that your child needs immediate attention by a professional.
Your Childs Skin Care Plan
Onset of eczema typically occurs before age 5, and many children experience an easing of symptoms and reduction of outbreaks as they grow older, although increased skin sensitivity may remain. Whether eczema is present for one year, five years, or longer, quality of life is sure to be improved with a clear plan of action. If you have noticed eczema affecting your child, make sure to talk with your childs pediatrician about these recommended skin care strategies:
Will My Baby Outgrow Eczema
Many babies who develop eczema in their first year eventually outgrow eczema by the time they start elementary school. Other children outgrow it by their early teens. Still others dont completely outgrow eczema by these ages, but notice that their eczema is less severe as they get older.
But eczema, especially chronic eczema, can also be lifelong. Some babies never outgrow eczema, and have the condition for the rest of their lives. Unfortunately, theres no cure for eczema, and no way to tell whether your little one will outgrow it.
Recommended Reading: Best Sunscreen For Eczema Skin
Skin Rash Dermatitis Eczema
Eczema is a chronic hypersensitive skin reaction in which the skin becomes red, inflamed, and itchy. Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. In the US, 10 to 20% of children and up to 3%.Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema, a skin condition that makes you itch and leaves red blotches, usually on your face, arms, and legs. While it happens most often in children, it.These spots develop when pressure and swelling cause capillaries, the smallest blood vessels, to burst. Other symptoms of stasis dermatitis include: redness in lighter skin tones that may appear brown,.
Research On Nummular Eczema Diet
When it comes to nummular eczema specifically, a 2021 study showed that a gluten-free diet may help you manage the symptoms of the condition.
In this case, an 11-year-old girl was able to remain completely symptom-free while avoiding all gluten. However, more research is needed to confirm whether this is true beyond this single case.
A 2020 study also showed there may be some benefit to L-His supplementation . This is a supplement containing the amino acid histidine, which the body metabolizes into histamine.
Histamine is an amino acid involved with growth and immunity. The research shows it may improve the symptoms of severe nummular eczema that is resistant to other treatments.
The following conditions may increase your risk of developing nummular eczema, according to the AAD:
- living in a cold, dry climate
- dry skin
Also Check: Natural Ways To Treat Eczema In Toddlers
When To Call A Doctor
Make the call if your babys eczema doesnt begin to get better within a week of starting over-the-counter hydrocortisone creams. It may be time for a prescription medicine.
Also check with your doctor if yellow or light brown crust or pus-filled blisters appear on top of the eczema. This could be the sign of a bacterial infection that needs antibiotics.
How Is Cradle Cap Treated
If your babys seborrheic dermatitis is limited to the scalp as cradle cap, you can treat it yourself. Heres what you need to do:
- Wash your babys scalp daily with mild baby shampoo.
- Massage lathered hair gently with your fingers or a washcloth.
- Softly brush your babys hair to help remove the scales. There are combs designed specifically for cradle cap, but a soft toothbrush also works. Do not pick at the scales with your fingernails or sharp tools as this may cause bleeding or lead to possible infection.
- Over-the-counter cradle cap lotions are available. The lotion should be applied to your babys scalp at least 15 minutes before shampooing. Rinse it off well before shampooing.
- After scales disappear, shampoo your babys hair two to three times a week to help prevent cradle cap from returning. Afterward, decrease shampoos to twice weekly.
You May Like: How To Get Rid Of Eczema On Upper Lip
Diagnosis Of Eczema During Pregnancy
Most of the time, your doctor will diagnose eczema or AEP simply by looking at your skin. A biopsy may be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Let your doctor know about any changes you notice during your pregnancy. Your doctor will want to rule out any other conditions that could be causing your skin changes and make sure that your baby isnt affected.
Your doctor will want to know:
- when the skin changes began
- if youve changed anything in your routine or lifestyle, including diet, that may contribute to the changes to your skin
- about your symptoms and how they are impacting your daily life
- if youve noticed anything that makes your symptoms better or worse
Bring along a list of current medications you are taking, and any medications or treatments that youve already tried for the eczema.
How Is Facial Eczema In Children Diagnosed
Doctors and other healthcare professionals usually diagnose it by looking at the rash and asking questions about triggers and other symptoms like itching.
Its possible that allergy testing, such as skin prick or scratch tests, may be needed to make sure the rash isnt caused by an allergic reaction.
. What your child needs will depend on the severity of the condition and your childs age and overall health.
Here are some common treatment options:
Read Also: How To Treat Infant Eczema Naturally
Will My Baby Have Eczema All Her Life
In some babies with atopic dermatitis, the condition stays put. But, fortunately, eczema clears up in many babies by the time they turn 4 years old.
From the What to Expect editorial team and Heidi Murkoff, author of What to Expect When You’re Expecting. What to Expect follows strict reporting guidelines and uses only credible sources, such as peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions and highly respected health organizations. Learn how we keep our content accurate and up-to-date by reading our medical review and editorial policy.
Dermatitis On Face Treatment
Intertrigo is an inflammatory condition of skin folds, induced or aggravated by heat, moisture, maceration, friction, and lack of air circulation. Intertrigo frequently is worsened or colonized by infection, which most commonly is candidal but also may be bacterial or viral or due to other fungal infection.
Read Also: Light Therapy For Psoriasis At Home
Don’t Miss: Best Lotion For Eczema Prone Skin
When To Seek Medical Advice
See a GP if you have symptoms of atopic eczema. Theyll usually be able to diagnose atopic eczema by looking at your skin and asking questions, such as:
- whether the rash is itchy and where it appears
- when the symptoms first began
- whether it comes and goes over time
- whether theres a history of atopic eczema in your family
- whether you have any other conditions, such as allergies or asthma
- whether something in your diet or lifestyle may be contributing to your symptoms
Typically, to be diagnosed with atopic eczema you should have had an itchy skin condition in the last 12 months and 3 or more of the following:
- visibly irritated red skin in the creases of your skin such as the insides of your elbows or behind your knees at the time of examination by a health professional
- a history of skin irritation occurring in the same areas mentioned above
- generally dry skin in the last 12 months
- a history of asthma or hay fever children under 4 must have an immediate relative, such as a parent, brother or sister, who has 1 of these conditions
- the condition started before the age of 2
Recommended Reading: Difference Between Scabies And Eczema
Medical Treatment For Eczema
Eczema cant be cured. But it can be managed by preventing and treating flare-ups as soon as they appear.
If your childs skin is inflamed and itchy, theyll probably need some corticosteroid ointment or cream. For mild eczema, you can buy mild corticosteroids over the counter at your pharmacy. The most common is hydrocortisone 1% cream. For more serious eczema or if the over-the-counter products arent working, youll need to see your GP to get a prescription for a stronger corticosteroid.
Other eczema treatments include pimecrolimus, a non-steroidal cream. Doctors might prescribe this cream for children with mild to moderate eczema on the face and in body folds.
If your child is scratching at a rash, you could ask your pharmacist or GP about using an antihistamine medication for a few days. Together with a corticosteroid cream, this might give your child some rest and help the flare-up to settle.
If your childs eczema rash gets infected, your doctor will prescribe a course of oral antibiotics.
Read Also: Why Does My Eczema Flare Up When I Sweat
How To Tell If Your Child Has Eczema
Is it just a rash, or is it a more serious skin condition? Dermatologist Dr. Anna Kirkorian shares four ways you can spot signs of eczema on your child.
Kids get skin rashes from time to time, so when your little one has red patches on their face, how do you know if its eczema or another skin condition such as heat rash, acne or hives? Dermatologist Dr. Anna Kirkorian shares four ways you can spot signs of eczema on your child.
What Causes Cradle Cap
The exact cause of infant seborrheic dermatitis is unknown. Overproduction of your babys oil-producing sebaceous glands or a type of yeast in the oil may contribute to your babys condition. The glands are on the babys scalp. Scientists think the changing hormone levels in the mothers body during pregnancy may cause a babys sebaceous glands to overproduce. Normal skin cells are naturally shed in a process called desquamation. However, the cells will remain stuck to the scalp if there is an abundance of oil. This causes no harm to your baby.
Also Check: How To Get Rid Of Eczema Behind Ears
Precautions To Keep In Mind
Because shea butter comes from a tree nut, it might stand to reason that allergies would be a concern. But in reality, there are no documented cases of shea butter allergies.
Even so, its best to do a test on a small patch of skin before slathering it all over your baby. If you notice any redness or irritation in the test area, go with an alternative that doesnt contain shea butter.
Also, know that most dry skin in babies resolves on its own after about the first month or so. If your little ones dry skin persists, dont just reach for the shea butter or baby oil talk to your pediatrician. There may be a more serious issue that requires medical treatment.
Some oils containing the same fatty acids as shea butter for example, olive oil have been the subject of research into whether they can actually cause atopic eczema. More research is needed, but keep this in mind and watch for any skin changes in your baby.
Recommended Reading: What Does Eczema Look Like On Your Feet
Taming The Immune Response
Prescription skin meds that calm an overactive immune system can treat eczema from atopic dermatitis. Doctors generally prescribe them only for short-term use in people whoâve tried other treatments that havenât helped. They have a “black box” warning due to a higher cancer risk. So ask your doctor about the pros and cons. A biologic medication called Dupixent, given as a shot, works on the immune system to treat atopic dermatitis.
Read Also: Como Quitar El Eczema En Bebes
What Are The Treatment Options
Though the underlying causes are different, treatment is generally similar, Dr. Fernandez says. You should see a dermatologist for any rash that doesnt go away with over-the-counter medicine, he says.
- Topical cortisone, especially if you have a mild case.
- Immunosuppressive drugs for more moderate to severe cases.
- or ultraviolet light treatment for severe cases.
Also, eczema can prompt a secondary infection so your doctor may use topical and systemic antibiotics to remove bacteria and calm the inflammation.
How Is Dyshidrotic Eczema Diagnosed
If youve been dealing with red, itchy skin for more than a week, its a good idea to seek out your doctor or dermatologist, because many skin conditions can cause blisters.
During your visit, your doctor will most likely take a look at your skin and ask you if youve noticed a pattern around your blisters like if youve started using different products or have felt particularly stressed and if your jobs or hobbies include coming into contact with metals.
If your doctor believes your dyshidrotic eczema could be due to an allergy, they may do an allergy test.
If your case is severe or if the symptoms have been long-lasting, you may be prescribed medication.
The severity of your outbreak and other personal health factors determine which treatments your doctor might suggest. It also may be necessary to try more than one treatment before finding one that works.
Also Check: Why Is Life So Stressful
Recommended Reading: Eczema Vs Psoriasis On Face
Morning Eczema Skin Care Routine For Good Days
If the eczema is well controlled on the day, we apply his prescription ointments on any eczema patches. Next we moisturize his entire body and face, avoiding any areas that we applied prescription ointment.
When we apply the prescription ointments and moisturizer, we prefer to give him an educational iPad game because not only is he learning, but it requires him to use his hands. That means no scratching and also not rubbing away his medication.
Our favorite iPad app is Endless Reader for this task. It requires just enough hand movement to keep him busy, and its not too exciting to cause him to bounce around. There are also lots of natural pausing points, so we can say ok last one, when we are done with the morning routine.
It takes a total of about 20 minutes. Then go down for breakfast where we give him a 2.5ml dose of cetrizine with his meal.
When To Contact A Doctor About Baby Eczema
If this is the first time baby is experiencing red or irritated skin, its best to contact your doctor to confirm whether its baby eczema or another condition. Once you get a diagnosis, you can start taking the appropriate steps and trying some baby eczema treatments.
But if the skin irritation is accompanied by a fever, or the bumps and patches start to ooze, scab or blister, it may be a sign of infection, and youll want to consult your childs doctor right away.
Also Check: What To Use For Eczema On Eyelids
What Are The Signs Of Cradle Cap
- Redness, and crusty brown or yellow scales on the scalp that resemble fish scales.
- Scales feel fragile and flaky, or waxy and greasy, to the touch.
Note: Cradle cap is seborrheic dermatitis that is limited to your babys scalp. If your baby has redness and scaling on their eyelids, in the folds of their neck and armpits, behind their ears, and on their face and diaper areas, this is called seborrheic dermatitis or seborrhea and should be brought to the attention of your healthcare provider.
What Should I Do If My Babys Eczema Gets Worse
If your baby has wet, weepy skin and their eczema is not getting better with steroids, their skin may be infected and they may need antibiotics. If your babys eczema flare does not get better with the standard treatments recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence , your GP should refer them to a dermatology specialist. If they suspect an allergy, they should refer them to an allergist or joint dermatologyallergy clinic.
Don’t Miss: What Does Eczema Look Like On Your Hands
What Triggers Eczema
Each child with eczema has their own set of individual triggers, although sometimes the condition can flare and subside for no apparent reason.
Examples of common exacerbating factors and triggers in children include:
- Heat avoid overheating with blankets and long hot showers
- Irritants soaps, shampoos, chlorine, chemicals, fragrances, make-up, scratchy clothes and materials
- Allergens dust mite, moulds, grasses, plant pollens, pets, soaps and shampoos, foods
What Is Baby Eczema
Eczema is a dry, itchy skin rash that can appear anywhere on the body, but it commonly appears on the face and limbs. Anyone can have eczema, including infants.
Eczema in babies is very common. It affects 25% of children, 60% of whom develop it in their first year of life. While the condition can be lifelong, some children outgrow it.
Some things tend to make people more prone to developing eczema, including:
- Family history of eczema
- Family history of hay fever, allergies, or asthma
- Living in a cold, damp climate
- Exposure to environmental irritants
- Having an overactive immune system
Black children in the United States are 1.7 times more likely to develop eczema than White children. It is unknown why eczema disproportionately impacts Black children, but theories include disparate access to health care and that darker skin may mask the rash, resulting in later diagnosis.
Don’t Miss: How To Get Rid Of Eczema At Home