Tinea Versicolor Fungal Infection
Skin discoloration can also be caused by tinea versicolor. This is a fungal infection which can discolor the skin and cause white patches. The American Osteopathic College of Dermatology says that the fungus causes an acidic bleach to form which changes the skin color. These patches dont tan and therefore appear white.7
How to Treat
One of the best ways to treat fungal infections to prevent white spots on the skin is tea tree oil.8 The American Osteopathic College of Dermatology recommends using an antifungal body wash and applying to the affected area and leaving it for a few minutes before rinsing. However, you can make your own antifungal liquid body wash by adding 8-10 drops of tea tree oil for every 1 oz. of your regular body wash.9 You can then apply it as directed by the AOCD. Or you can add a few drops of tea tree oil to a tablespoon of carrier oil and apply to the affected area.
More natural ingredients that you can use to treat fungal infections are:
Eczema Coping Tips Reducing Skin Irritation
People with eczema have sensitive skin. Irritants such as heat or detergents can easily trigger a bout of eczema.Suggestions for reducing skin irritation include:
- Avoid overheating your skin. Wear several layers of clothing that you can remove, as required, instead of one heavy layer. Dont put too many blankets on your bed and avoid doonas.
- Dont use perfumed bubble bath or bath products labelled medicated.
- Wear soft, smooth materials next to your skin, preferably 100% cotton. Avoid scratchy materials, such as pure wool, polyester or acrylic. You could try a cotton and synthetic mix material this is fine for some people with eczema. Remove labels from clothing.
- Always wear protective gloves when using any type of chemical or detergent. You may want to wear cotton gloves inside rubber or PVC gloves.
- Avoid chlorinated pools. If you have to swim in a chlorinated pool, moisturise your skin well when you get out.
A Radish Seeds Home Remedy
Radish seeds are said to restore pigmentation where there is loss of some. Heres how to use radish seeds to cure vitiligo spots fast.
Recommended Reading: Does Humira Work For Eczema
Peeling From Sun Exposure
It is typical for people with lighter or olive skin to get tanned after spending a day at the beach or pool, but with excessive sun exposure, skin can peel a few days later. Skin that has peeled can cause small white patches to appear, especially on the arms, chest and back.
What to do: It is important to moisturize your skin daily, and to always apply sunscreen before going into the sun. Skin that is thinner or more sensitive has a higher risk of being sunburnt. Ideally, you should moisturize your skin thoroughly for about 10 days before a day in the sun. Foods that are high in vitamin A can also help to prevent sunburns. The more hydrated the skin is, the lower the risk of peeling and developing blemishes.
Treatment Of White Spots On Skin
- Tinea- For a mild fungal infection, you can try some OTC antifungal medicines. You can also try some antifungal shampoos like selenium sulfide and miconazole.
Such medicines and shampoos can remove the infection and lessen the spots. Your skin will eventually return to its original texture.
In case your symptoms persist, pay a visit to your dermatologist.
- Pityriasis that is mild usually improves on its own. However, extreme cases require intensive treatment.
You can treat these white patches with the help of dermatologist-approved creams and medicines.
- Even Milia doesnt require any treatment. Your white spots will clear up on their own. However, if they dont, then contact your doctor to seek treatment in the form of topical medicines.
Extreme cases might require cryotherapy.
- Guttate Hypomelanosis spots on your skin are not that worrisome. The scaly spots or patches on your skin are treated using creams and cryotherapy.
In some other cases, these harmless white spots can develop into larger white marks. If this happens, you might need to get your skin drafted.
- Vitiligo is a skin disorder that, unfortunately, has no cure. However, you can try to stop it from spreading more.
Avoid sun exposure and see your dermatologist get some expert advice. Doctors try a variety of therapies like steroids, phototherapy, and ultraviolet light therapy to restore the color of your skin.
You can choose to embrace your skin patches and normalize them. Another option is to use cosmetics.
Recommended Reading: Is Sauna Good For Eczema
Can White Spots Be Caused By Worms
With a worm infection, it is possible to have an impairment in the absorption of vitamins and nutrients through digestion, and this can cause white spot on the skin. However, white spots do not always appear with worm infections. Some food can also cause white spots on the skin, especially those with calcium, vitamin D and vitamin E, like milk, sardines, butter and peanuts.
If the cause of white spots on the skin is actually a worm infection, this should be confirmed with a stool sample so that treatment can be initiated.
Red Itchy Skin Is A Symptom Of More Than One Health Condition
Is your skin red, itchy, inflamed, or painful?
These symptoms can indicate a host of skin conditions, including rosacea, dyshidrotic eczema, contact dermatitis, ringworm, impetigo, pityriasis rosea or rubra, actinic keratosis, tinea versicolor, cellulitis, and seborrhea.
Many skin conditions have no known cause, while others are due to such disparate causes as sun exposure or genetics. A few, like ringworm and impetigo, are the result of your skin coming into contact with a microorganism, like a fungus or certain bacteria.
Jeffrey Weinberg, MD, a board-certified dermatologist and associate clinical professor of dermatology at Mount Sinai in New York City, says all of these conditions are treatable and generally not life-threatening. He adds that while a majority of skin conditions at least those not related to an infection are never completely cured, most can be managed.
Get the facts about 12 skin conditions you need to know about.
You May Like: Best Lotion To Use For Eczema
What Are The Most Common Symptoms Of Keratosis Pilaris
The main feature of keratosis pilaris that youll notice will be groupings of tiny, rough, sometimes discolored bumps on your skin. Most people will notice the appearance of the bumps, but wont have any symptoms related to them. If you do experience symptoms of keratosis pilaris, they can include:
- Itchy or dry skin, especially on the backs of your upper arms, legs or buttocks.
- Irritation of the bumps that causes them to become more red and noticeable. This is known as frictional lichenoid dermatitis.
- Rough, sandpaper-like skin where the bumps appear.
- Worsening of the bumps when the air is drier .
Some of these symptoms like itchy, dry skin can be caused by other conditions. You can have similar symptoms related to eczema, psoriasis, allergies or fungal infections. If you are concerned about your symptoms, or if they linger, its a good idea to check with you healthcare provider.
What Causes White Patches On Skin
Skin discoloration and loss of pigment are common in the elderly. They are sometimes known as signs of aging and considered normal. But when the skin in both children and adults gets small patches or big areas of discoloration, it could be a symptom of a disease.
The causes range from vitiligo, pityriasis Alba, idiopathic guttate hypomelanosis, hypopigmentation, sun exposure, some vitamin deficiencies, fungal infections on skin and liver diseases. All these, and more causes can manifest in people of all races, though they may be obvious in African Americans or dark-skinned people due to a higher contrast.
Also Check: Why Does Eczema Get Itchy At Night
References And Further Information
Skin Deep is a website that contains images of people with different skin tones to help patients and doctors better understand and describe symptoms of different skin conditions: .
The PDF document below shows what eczema can look like on different skin tones.
How Long Does It Take For White Spots On Your Face To Go Away
In most cases, white spots on the skin do not require medical treatment and they go away on their own. However, the time taken to treat them entirely depends on what causes them, their severity. Its best to consult your doctor to determine the best treatment.
White spots on the skin may occur when skin proteins get trapped under the skins surface, develop as a result of depigmentation, or due to the loss of skin color, and a variety of health conditions. They are usually harmless and can be treated easil at home. However, its important that you get them checked by a dermatologist to find out the exact cause and best ways to treat them.
Don’t Miss: Best Body Wash For Acne And Eczema
Which Skin Type Are You
Skin type is described by the Fitzpatrick classification , which determines the colour of skin by phototype, which depends on the amount of melanin pigment in the skin.
In this article we describe skin as lighter or darker.
Skin types: Fitzpatrick classification, adapted from:
Skin changes are caused either by active eczema or by scratching as a result of eczema itch. These changes can result in two types of pigmentary skin changes in eczema:
- HYPO-PIGMENTATION Loss of skin pigment or colour, usually seen as patches of skin that are lighter than overall skin tone.
- HYPER-PIGMENTATION Patches of skin becoming darker than the normal skin tone.
Hypo- and hyper-pigmentation are more visible in darker skin types but can occur in any skin type and can be concerning and distressing for anyone with eczema.
The main way of improving skin pigmentation changes is to treat the underlying eczema and inflammation. But discoloration can last for months or years, even after the eczema is treated.
Cholesterol Little White Bumps On Skin
Cholesterol bumps under skin appear as whitish or yellowish, raised lumps. They grow around eyes or under eyelids or on the upper eyelids. Cholesterol deposits around eyes are a condition called xathelasma. According to the National Health Service, the yellow spots around eyes are mostly made up of cholesterol and can be treated cosmetically, but are also a warning sign of raised cholesterol.
- If you see soft yellow marks on your eyelids, you are likely to be running the risk of a heart attack.
- Ensure you see a doctor and have your cardiovascular risk assessed.
Don’t Miss: What Helps Clear Up Eczema
White Patches On Skin Pictures
Whether they are patches, splotches, small spots or dots, it can be difficult to identify the exact symptom or distinguish it from other skin discoloration disorders. Here are photos, images and pictures of white spots on the skin. The common areas of the body affected are the upper back, shins, shoulders, upper forearms, face and even around eyes. Some people may get these patches on the inner thighs.
What Questions Should I Ask My Healthcare Provider About Perioral Dermatitis
- Why do I have perioral dermatitis?
- Do I have perioral dermatitis or another type of dermatitis?
- Do you think this will go away on its own, or do I need treatment?
- What medications should I stop taking?
- What over-the-counter products should I stop using?
- Do I need to see a dermatologist?
- Are there any other specialists I should see?
- What treatment would be best?
A note from Cleveland Clinic
There are many types of dermatitis. Some have an obvious cause while others, like perioral dermatitis, are unclear. It can be frustrating to have a rash and not know for sure where it comes from. Although topical steroids is thought to be the most likely cause, there are a variety of other theories. Work with your healthcare provider to narrow down what the cause might be. This will help you and your healthcare provider determine a treatment plan.
Perioral dermatitis is common, and there are effective treatments. Dont hesitate to ask questions, follow your healthcare providers instructions and remember that your rash might get worse before it gets better.
Also Check: Eczema Laundry Detergent For Babies
Other Skin Conditions That Cause Pigmentary Changes
Eczema is not the only condition that causes pigmentary changes: they can also be caused by various other skin conditions that someone may have alongside their eczema. Two other common pigmentary skin conditions are melasma and vitiligo, but there are many rarer conditions too. So, any form of pigmentary skin problems that cannot be explained by eczema should be assessed and investigated.
Some Complications May Leave Scars
However, these are very rare.
Eczema can sometimes become superinfected with bacterial germs such as staphylococcus or streptococcus or with the herpes virus. Once again, this impetigo or herpes usually heals without scarring because it only affects the epidermis. Nevertheless, if scratching is excessive or if the infection goes deeper, scars may persist, as is sometimes seen after chicken pox.
Recommended Reading: Can Black People Get Eczema
Eczema Causes White Spots On The Skin
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a skin condition that causes red, itchy and dry skin as a result of inflammation. Sometimes white patches or spots can form within a red rash. This condition is typically found in children but can continue into adulthood. Eczema symptoms include dry, scaly, thickened skin that is almost always itchy. Especially among darker skinned people, eczema can cause skin discoloration, making the affected area lighter or darker than the surrounding skin.
The cause of eczema is unknown but it is thought to be linked to allergies and asthma and is suspected to be an overactive immune response to an irritant. While there is no cure for the condition, symptoms can be managed. For many people, eczema will even go away over time. Doctors can prescribe topical corticosteroid creams and ointments, oral medications and light therapy to help ease symptoms.
Additional Causes Of White Patches
White patches can also be caused by other conditions, including eczema. This is a common allergic skin condition, especially in children. It usually causes itching and scaling of the skin and, rarely, white patches. In adults small circular areas of pigment exhaustion may develop on areas of skin where there has been chronic sun exposure.
Don’t Miss: Best Soap For Eczema Toddler
Zinc Calcium And Vitamin B12 Deficiency
White spots on the skin may be caused by malnutrition. Dietary deficiencies of vitamin D, zinc, vitamin E, calcium and vitamin B12 can cause pigment loss disorders. The white marks on skin are more likely to develop in children who are malnutrition than in adults.
The Health Guidance Organization points out that vitamin B12 deficiency leads to paleness to the skin or a yellow tinge to the skin. Hyperactivity of your thyroid glands may also result from this vitamin deficiency. Calcium deficiency can also cause white spots and marks on nails and skin.
Hypopigmented Spots That Are Not Vitiligo
If the spots are not truly white, but hypopigmented and not depigmented , then they are NOT vitiligo and could be any number of different diseases and conditions. Ill list a few of the most common ones here. Both IGH and nevus depigmentosus can also be hypopigmented instead of depigmented. They look similar and are located on the same areas of the body. Nevus anemicus is a common birthmark that looks lighter than surrounding skin, although it is actually not different in pigment at all. It is due to a lower blood supply to that area of skin, so it is less pink than surrounding skin and thus looks lighter. It actually disappears completely for a few seconds when you apply pressure to the area because the surrounding blood in the vessels is pressed out. It reappears once the blood rushes back into it. Individuals with tuberous sclerosis can have light areas of skin called ash leaf spots, but they usually have other more cleare signs of this condition as well. Occasionally, darker skin from melasma can make it look like the normal skin is lighter, and thus could look a little like vitiligo.
Tinea versicolor causes lighter spots on the chest and back, get scaly if scratched with a fingernail, and are caused by a common fungus that isnt dangerous. Its easily treated with an antifungal therapy.
Progressive macular hypomelanosis looks a lot like tinea versicolor but without the scale, most commonly affecting the chest and back.
You May Like: Can Eczema Go Away In Adults
What Causes White Bumps On Face
It is easy to assume that small white bumps on your face are pimples. What if they are not pimples or acne? Excessive exposure to sunlight, fungal infections, milia spots, too much face makeup, infected pimples etc. can all cause tiny white bumps on the facial skin. Heres a comprehensive list of all the possible causes.
Symptoms Of Discoid Eczema
Discoid eczema causes distinctive circular or oval patches of eczema. It can affect any part of the body, although it does not usually affect the face or scalp.
The first sign of discoid eczema is usually a group of small spots or bumps on the skin. These then quickly join up to form larger patches that can range from a few millimetres to several centimetres in size.
On lighter skin these patches will be pink or red. On darker skin these patches can be a dark brown or they can be paler than the skin around them.
Initially, these patches are often swollen, blistered and ooze fluid. They also tend to be very itchy, particularly at night.
Over time, the patches may become dry, crusty, cracked and flaky. The centre of the patch also sometimes clears, leaving a ring of discoloured skin that can be mistaken for ringworm.
You may just have 1 patch of discoid eczema, but most people get several patches. The skin between the patches is often dry.
Patches of discoid eczema can sometimes become infected. Signs of an infection can include:
- the patches oozing a lot of fluid
- a yellow crust developing over the patches
- the skin around the patches becoming hot, swollen and tender or painful
- feeling sick
- feeling unwell
You May Like: What Milk Is Good For Eczema