What Causes Eczema In Infants And Children
Eczema is brought about by the complex interplay of a genetic predisposition and the childs environment. Many things from the climate to possible allergens can cause eczema to flare. We know that eczema tends to run in the families with a predisposition to other atopic diseases, such as food allergies, asthma and hay fever. Individuals with atopic dermatitis may lack certain proteins in the skin, which leads to greater sensitivity. Parents with eczema are more likely to have children with eczema. However, the exact way it passes from parents to children is still not known. Most children who have eczema will show signs of the condition in the first year of life. It tends to wax and wane in severity.
Use Hypoallergenic Laundry Soap
Now that you have a good idea about how to choose the right clothes for your baby to prevent eczema flare-ups, lets discuss keeping those clothes clean.
The first step is to use hypoallergenic laundry soap. No one brand is necessarily better than another. It all depends on how your baby responds to it. Do some research perhaps ask friends or go online try one soap, and if your baby breaks out, switch. Its as simple as that.
Natural Ingredients In Eczema Moisturizers
These natural ingredients commonly show up in moisturizers for baby eczema, including moisturizers approved by the National Eczema Association. However, not all of them are clinically proven to treat baby eczema.
Calendula: Calendula comes from the marigold flower, and may help reduce inflammation when applied as part of a baby eczema moisturizer. It has been used for many years to treat various skin conditions, including baby eczema. Studies haven’t yet proven it effective, though.
Aloe Vera: Aloe vera has antibacterial and antimicrobial properties that help fight skin infections. It may also help to soothe dry skin. So, it has been used in moisturizers to help treat baby eczema. Although its antibacterial properties are proven, more research is still needed on aloe’s effectiveness on baby eczema.
Vitamin B12:One randomized controlled study has shown that topical vitamin B12 improves eczema symptoms in children.
Another key piece of baby eczema care is to identify and remove your baby’s eczema triggers. Read this article for more on the triggers that may cause your baby’s eczema to flare, and check out this article for more on caring for your baby’s eczema.
All health-related content on this website is for informational purposes only and does not create a doctor-patient relationship. Always seek the advice of your own pediatrician in connection with any questions regarding your babys health.
Also Check: How To Tell If I Have Eczema
Try To Reduce The Damage From Scratching
Eczema is often itchy, and it can be very tempting to scratch the affected areas of skin.
But scratching usually damages the skin, which can itself cause more eczema to occur.
The skin eventually thickens into leathery areas as a result of chronic scratching.
Deep scratching also causes bleeding and increases the risk of your skin becoming infected or scarred.
Try to reduce scratching whenever possible. You could try gently rubbing your skin with your fingers instead.
If your baby has atopic eczema, anti-scratch mittens may stop them scratching their skin.
Keep your nails short and clean to minimise damage to the skin from unintentional scratching.
Keep your skin covered with light clothing to reduce damage from habitual scratching.
Wrap Up In Cold Weather
Cold, harsh winter winds can dry out skin and cause eczema flares.
Keep the skin covered when temperatures are low. Also, consider covering the face with a scarf if eczema occurs on the face.
Many home remedies are suitable for babies and children, but always speak to a doctor before using them on kids of any age.
The following home remedies may help:
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What Are The Differences Between The Skin Symptoms Of Food Allergy And Eczema
An allergic reaction to a food typically happens quickly. Symptoms of an allergic reaction then go away, usually after several hours, as long as the food is not eaten again. Eczema is a chronic condition that does not go away quickly. Eczema tends to show up in predictable places, such as on the cheeks of young babies or elbow creases of older children. The places on the skin where symptoms of an allergic reaction to food appear are more unpredictable. Hives, redness and itching from an allergic reaction can show up just about anywhere on the body and even in different places each time the food is eaten.
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Please note: The Bump and the materials and information it contains are not intended to, and do not constitute, medical or other health advice or diagnosis and should not be used as such. You should always consult with a qualified physician or health professional about your specific circumstances.
Plus, more from The Bump:
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The Best Ways To Treat Your Babys Skin Rash: Your Complete Guide
When you first notice a rash on your babys skin, your thoughts immediately leap to the worst possible causes. But often, the rash you see is just a normal part of being a newborn. So before you begin to panic, let the experts at Mustela calm your nerves and show you the best way to treat your babys skin rash.
Aveeno Dermexa Emollient Cream
Aveeno is the magic word on everyones lips when you mention eczema. And rightly so. Its oat-based moisturising formulas have been calming skin for years. This emollient cream is super hydrating while also being gentle enough to use even through flare ups. Its light and easily absorbed while also restoring calm to your childs raw skin and giving immediate comfort. Its packed with avenanthramides an antioxidant found in oats that will reduce inflammation long after youve applied it. If your child has a particularly bad patch of eczema, smother them in this stuff for instant relief. In addition, theres a new gorgeous smelling calming comfort range that will encourage relaxation while also giving your child Aveenos signature oat-based moisturisation.
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Gentle Soaps And Detergents
Laundry detergent can contain harsh chemicals that aggravate eczema.
Many body washes and cleansers contain detergents, which help provide a soapy lather. Detergents and other lathering agents can dry out the skin, especially in people with eczema.
Bar soaps can also be harsh on the skin because of their alkalinity.
Try using a gentle, no-lather, fragrance-free cleanser. Avoid products with rough particles for scrubbing or exfoliating, as these can further irritate the skin.
Many people with eczema also find that switching to a more gentle, fragrance- or color-free laundry detergent can help improve symptoms.
Try skipping fabric softener, which lingers on clothes and often contains fragrances and chemicals that can cause skin irritation.
Sitting next to a fireplace or near a furnace may feel good, but it can make eczema symptoms worse. The hot, dry air can dehydrate the skin and aggravate the itchiness of eczema.
Use a humidifier during the dry winter months and avoid getting too close to heaters and fireplaces.
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Read Of Some Of The Aromababy Customer Reviews:
What parents say:
“Your barrier balm is a lifesaver for my babys eczema. Ive tried everything and this is the only product that works – and it works FAST, I’m buying more online now“. – Louise
Our son Logan was born 15 weeks premature. After a 13 week roller coaster ride he has finally made it. Having such tender skin he was most susceptible to nappy rash, the nursing staff used the Aromababy Barrier Balm on him instead of the chemical one. THE NAPPY RASH WENT ALMOST OVERNIGHT – Anita & Kirk
“Since my 2 year old developed eczema, Ive tried a number of cortisone and other medicinal creams prescribed by our GP. One day in a chemist I found Aromababy. I was pleased to notice that within a week of using Aromababy, my daughter was no longer scratching herself and slowly the eczema cleared up. I was pleased to note that the products were reasonably priced. – Lynne C
“I usually purchase two of the Barrier Balm 100g at a time as my 4 month old has allergy prone skin and its the only thing Ive found that works for him.” – Leah
What midwives say:
We have had tremendous feedback from the mothers who have used the Aromababy Bath Gel – Fiona, Midwife, Auckland
We use the Aromababy products on the wards for young children requiring very gentle and soothing products – Peter MacCallum Cancer Institute, Australia
We highly recommend the Aromababy products to all our patients – Sue, Private Hospital, Melbourne
Choose The Right Lotion
With so many options available in the market, it can be difficult to find the right lotion for your baby. While it is perfectly normal for the baby to have dry skin that peels during the first month, a lotion should be used if the skin continues to feel the same even after a few weeks. Thicker creams work best where the temperatures are cooler, whereas lotions and creams are an ideal choice for the warmer climates. Regardless of what you choose, all work pretty nicely when applied to wet skin.
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Diagnosing Food Allergy And Eczema Flare
- Your child’s doctor may suggest the steps listed below:
- Remove the suspected food or foods from your child’s diet for 2 weeks. The eczema should greatly improve.
- Then give your child that food when the eczema is under good control. This is called a “challenge.”
- If the food is causing flare-ups, the eczema should become itchy and red. The flare-up should occur quickly within 2 hours of eating the food.
- If this occurs, avoid giving this food to your child. Talk to your child’s doctor about the need for any food substitutes.
- If the eczema does not flare-up, your child isn’t allergic to that food.
Symptoms Of Atopic Eczema
Atopic eczema causes the skin to become itchy, dry, cracked and sore.
Some people only have small patches of dry skin, but others may experience widespread inflamed skin all over the body.
Inflamed skin can become red on lighter skin, and darker brown, purple or grey on darker skin. This can also be more difficult to see on darker skin.
Although atopic eczema can affect any part of the body, it most often affects the hands, insides of the elbows, backs of the knees and the face and scalp in children.
People with atopic eczema usually have periods when symptoms are less noticeable, as well as periods when symptoms become more severe .
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The Best Clothes For Babies With Eczema Plus Care Tips
Choosing the right clothes for your eczema-prone baby is about more than just fashion. Its about avoiding the triggers that will irritate their sensitive skin and set off an eczema outbreak.
But what types of eczema clothes should you look for? What types of clothes should you stay away from? How can you ensure that your baby is warm enough, but not so hot that it causes an eczema flare-up? And whats the best way to keep your babys clothes clean so they dont irritate their sensitive skin?
Mustelas experts will answer those questions and show you how to choose the right clothes to care for your babys eczema-prone skin.
Can You Prevent Baby Eczema
Unfortunately, you cannot prevent eczema with 100 percent certainty. Remember that genetics is a big factor for eczema, but you can minimize your babys risk for eczema.
The first and most important step is to avoid the common environmental triggers, as well as the previously listed inflammatory foods.
Youll also want to:
- Avoid heat and sweat
- Keep nails short and use mittens if baby scratches frequently
- Use breathable natural fabrics like organic cotton only
- Avoid using products with fragrancesthis includes laundry detergent!
- It may seem obvious, but cigarette smoke can be an irritant
Natural Fabrics Onlybut No Wool
The easiest way to prevent clothes-based eczema flare-ups is to dress your baby in natural fabrics only. These include cotton, linen, silk, and hemp, just to name a few.
Whatever natural fabric you choose, it should be smooth, pliable, and pleasant to the touch. The only caveat to this natural fibers rule is you should avoid wool if at all possible. Even though wool is one of the most natural fabrics on the market and is excellent for keeping your baby warm, its rough texture can irritate your babys skin.
How I Cared For My Babys Basic Needs
Sometimes eczema consumes so much of us that we forget that both the baby and our basic needs have to be taken care of. You can try to reduce time spent or be more flexible in some areas such as:
1. Feed smart.In my opinion, breastmilk remains the best nutrition for babies in their first year of age. However, breastfeeding may not be smooth for every mother. Since the first few days were critical for breastfeeding success, I ought to have booked a lactation consultant and purchased a double electric breast pump from the start.
2. Secure the babys hands.Just within a few minutes of being left alone, my daughter would have scratched herself till she bled. When the itch was so strong, she would pull off the mittens or rub her skin against fabric or other surfaces. I used cloth to secure my daughters hands for a few minutes , and though it seemed cruel, it was an effective way to keep my daughter from scratching. I should have explored other mittens that would not be so easily pulled off!
3. Do less washing and cooking.I was glad that I used disposable diapers for my daughter. Online food delivery wasnt so common then, but with numerous online food delivery options available today, I would definitely suggest ordering take-out sometimes instead of worrying about cooking and washing dishes.
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What Causes Eczema In Babies
The first step in preventing eczema is to learn what causes it, and unfortunately, there are many causes.
One of the biggest factors in whether or not a child develops eczema is the childs own health history, specifically his or her genes. If baby has a relative diagnosed with eczema, he/she is more at-risk for developing eczema as well.
In addition to babys unique genetic makeup, environmental triggers affect future flare-ups. The most common triggers include:
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This bath treatment from Oilatum is an emollient which, according to the NHS, means it works to protect skin by creating a film over the skin to help trap in moisture.
For this reason, there are various artificial ingredients and chemicals within the product and, while all safe for use, may not be one for parents who are sticklers for the all-natural approach. This protective layer can also make kids a little more slippery in the bath, so take extra caution.
The formula seems to be a hit with families who have used it before, including a reviewer on the Boots website who said using the product had helped soften and control the eczema on my sons skin.
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Managing Eczema In Winter And Year Round: A Parents Guide
Cold, dry outdoor air and indoor heating can rob skin of its natural moisture in the winter. Red, crusty, dry patches can be common on a baby’s skin, particularly in winter, and cause concern for parents. Such symptoms can be treated, however, and many babies and children do outgrow the dry, itchy skin of atopic dermatitis, also known as eczema.
We spoke with pediatric dermatologist Katherine Puttgen to learn more.
Q2 What Size Diaper Is Right For My Baby
Choose things that are just the right size for the baby. Choosing a diaper in a size too small or large wont serve its purpose. A diaper that doesnt sag when the baby crawls is the right size for him/her and will prevent leakage. Most diapers will usually have the average weight mentioned on the box for a certain size.
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What Triggers My Childs Eczema Or Causes It To Get Worse
Some of the most common eczema triggers include:
Even your babys stuffed animals may be a trigger for eczema
- Dry skin
- Allergens such as pet dander, pollen or dust
Your childs eczema may be worse in the winter when the air is dry. Saliva from drooling can also cause irritation on your babys cheeks, chin and neck.
The best way to manage your childs eczema is by getting to know their symptoms and triggers so that you can help keep it under control.