Early Signs And Symptoms
Most people develop stasis dermatitis when they have poor blood flow in their lower legs. The medical term for poor blood flow is venous insufficiency.
If you have been diagnosed with venous insufficiency, make an appointment to see a doctor if you notice any of these early signs and symptoms:
Itchy, dry, and discolored skin, especially over varicose veins
Skin feels irritated, discolored, and sore
Heaviness or aching in one or both legs when you stand or walk
Swelling, often on the inside of the ankle, at the end of the day
Swelling in your leg that clears when you sleep, but reappears once you get out of bed
Stasis dermatitis on the inner ankles
Stasis dermatitis usually begins on the inside ankles, causing discolored, dry, and itchy skin.
How Is Eczema Diagnosed
Theres no specific test that can be used to diagnose eczema. Often, a doctor can diagnose the condition by talking with you about your symptoms and examining your skin. Sometimes, a patch test might be done to help find eczema triggers.
A patch test can pinpoint certain allergens that trigger symptoms, like skin allergies associated with contact dermatitis
During a patch test, an allergen is applied to a patch thats placed on the skin. Your skin will become inflamed and irritated if the allergen is a trigger for you.
What Foods Should I Eat Or Avoid To Reduce My Risk Of Eczema
The connection between eczema and food allergies is unclear. If you have food allergies, then one of the reasons why you must avoid that food is that it may cause or worsen dermatitis. Examples of common allergies include peanuts, dairy, eggs, sugar, alcohol and gluten. Pay attention to what you eat. If your eczema flares up after you eat a certain food, then you might have an allergy to it.
If you dont have a food allergy then there are no foods, including chicken, that will cause or worsen your eczema.
Recommended Reading: Natural Eczema Remedies For Infants
How Is Eczema Diagnosed What Tests Are Done
Your healthcare provider will take a close look at your skin. They will look for classic signs of eczema such as a redness and dryness. They will ask about the symptoms youre experiencing.
Usually your healthcare provider will be able to diagnose eczema based on examining your skin. However, when there is doubt, they may perform the following tests:
- An allergy skin test.
- Blood tests to check for causes of the rash that might be unrelated to dermatitis.
- A skin biopsy to distinguish one type of dermatitis from another.
The Telltale Signs Of Eczema
Since your brand of eczema probably wont look exactly like anyone elses , your symptoms may include one, several, or all these hallmarks:
Dry, sensitive, or very itchy skin
Red-to-brown or gray patches
Small, raised bumps that ooze or crust especially when scratched
Rough, leathery, thickened, or scaly skin
Where these pesky patches appear can depend on age.
In babies, the eczema rash can manifest on the cheeks, scalp, knees, or elbows. Kids typically get eczema rashes in the folds of the skinbehind the knees, in the crook of the arm, folds of the neck, creases at the wrists and ankles and on the tops of the thighs. Adults can develop eczema on the skin around the eyes, on the hands and feet, and the front of the legs.
While these are the most common areas for the rash to appear among various age groups, eczema is still an equal opportunist and can sometimes crop up anywhere at any age.
Read Also: Why Do I Have Eczema On One Finger
Types Of Eczema Commonly Found In Older Adults
There are many different types of eczema so its important to know your type so that you can avoid the triggers and heal the skin. Here are the most common types of eczema in older adults:
Common in adults over the age of 60, this type of eczema appears as fissures or grooves that are pink and red, affecting the superficial layers of skin. Its usually found on the legs but can be found on the upper arms, thighs and lower back. Other symptoms include soreness and itchiness.
Contact dermatitis is temporary and occurs when your skin is exposed to an irritant such as chemicals in a cleaning product or laundry detergent.
Venous Eczema mostly shows up on the lower legs in the form of itchy, red and scaly patches. Older adults who have a high body mass index or a family history of varicose veins are most susceptible.
Nummular eczema is characterized by coin-shaped scores on the skin. These sores may be open and are very itchy. The lesions may also be dry or weeping.
Seborrheic eczema tends to appear on areas of the body where there are a lot of oil-producing glands . It appears as red, greasy or swollen skin with white or yellow crusty flakes. While people of any age can develop seborrheic dermatitis, people with certain diseases such as Parkinsons Disease are believed to be at an increased risk.
Eczema Causes And Flare
If you have inflamed, itchy skin theres a good chance that you have one form of eczema or another. Three of the more common types of eczema are atopic eczema, contact dermatitis, and discoid eczema. Its worth learning about eczema causes given that millions of Americans have eczema, and symptoms can get worse with age.
Eczema causes rough, scaly patches of red skin and in severe cases swelling, crusting and oozing. While this common skin condition is not contagious, it can affect your physical and mental well-being. Dont try and self-medicate be sure to get professional medical care.
Also Check: Eczema In Elbow Crease Treatment
Don’t Miss: Tips For Eczema On Hands
How Can I Reduce My Risk Of Eczema
There are steps you can take that may prevent eczema outbreaks:
- Establish a skin care routine, and follow your healthcare professionals recommendations for keeping your skin healthy.
- Wear gloves for jobs where you have to put your hands in water. Wear cotton gloves under plastic gloves to absorb sweat, and wear gloves outside, especially during the winter months.
- Use mild soap for your bath or shower, and pat your skin dry instead of rubbing. Apply a moisturizing cream or ointment immediately after drying your skin to help seal in the moisture. Reapply cream or ointment two to three times a day.
- Take baths or showers with tepid rather than hot.
- Drink at least eight glasses of water each day. Water helps to keep your skin moist.
- Try to avoid getting too hot and sweaty.
- Wear loose clothes made of cotton and other natural materials. Wash new clothing before wearing. Avoid wool.
- Avoid sudden changes in temperature and humidity.
- Learn to recognize stress in your life and how to manage it. Regular aerobic exercise, hobbies and stress-management techniques, such as meditation or yoga, might help.
- Limit your exposure to known irritants and allergens.
- Avoid scratching or rubbing itchy areas of skin.
Causes Of Eczema On The Scalp
- Stress and illness
Age is another factor. Infants up to 3 months and adults ages 30 to 60 are at a higher risk for developing scalp eczema.
Recommended Reading: Foods That Help Heal Eczema
What Are The Symptoms Of Eczema
The most important thing to remember is that eczema and its symptoms are different for everyone. Your eczema may not look the same on you as it does on another adult or on your child. Different types of eczema may even appear in different areas of the body at different times.
Eczema is usually itchy. For many people, the itch can range from mild to moderate. But in some cases, it can become much worse and you might develop extremely inflamed skin. Sometimes the itch gets so bad that people scratch it until it bleeds, which can make your eczema worse. This is called the itch-scratch cycle.
What to look for:
Eczema Symptoms & Signs
Eczema is an inflammatory condition of the skin that is very common. There are different types of eczema, including atopic dermatitis, contact eczema, neurodermatitis, allergic contact eczema, and others.
Symptoms, signs, and severity can depend upon the exact type of eczema that is present. The location of the skin inflammation also varies according to the type and cause of eczema. Signs and symptoms associated with eczema include patches of chronically itchy, dry, thickened skin, usually on the hands, neck, face, and legs, inner creases of the knees and elbows. If the irritated areas are scratched, dry patches of skin and open sores with crusts may develop and may become infected.
Almost all patients with eczema complain of itching. Since the appearance of most types of eczema is similar, elevated plaques of red, bumpy skin, the distribution of the eruption can be of great help in distinguishing one type from another. For example, stasis dermatitis occurs most often on the lower leg while atopic dermatitis occurs in the front of the elbow and behind the knee.
Read Also: Shea Butter Eczema Before And After
What Are The Treatments For Severe Hand Eczema
If your hand eczema is severe, discuss the possibility of a dermatology referral with your GP. The referral may be for diagnosing contact allergy or for treatment, which may include a short course of oral steroids or immunosuppressants . Alternatively, dermatology departments may recommend alitretinoin or phototherapy, as described below.
What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Eczema
The signs of eczema :
- are mainly dry, itchy skin. Because it is so itchy, it is often called “the itch that rashes.”
- include redness, scales, and bumps that can leak fluid and then crust over
- tend to come and go. When they get worse, it is called a flare-up.
- may be more noticeable at night
Symptoms can vary:
- Infants younger than 1 year old usually have the eczema rash on their cheeks, forehead, or scalp. It may spread to the knees, elbows, and trunk .
- Older kids and teens usually get the rash in the bends of the elbows, behind the knees, on the neck, or on the inner wrists and ankles. Their skin is often scalier and drier than when the eczema first began. It also can be thicker, darker, or scarred from all the scratching .
Also Check: Is Cetaphil Good For Eczema On Face
Treatment For Eczema In Children
Specific treatment for eczema will be determined by your child’s primary care provider based on:
Your child’s age, overall health, and medical history
Extent of the disorder
Your child’s tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Expectations for the course of the reaction
Your opinion or preference
There is no cure for eczema. The goals of treatment are to reduce itching and inflammation of the skin, moisturize the skin, and prevent infection.
Why Does Eczema Appear On The Hands
There can be a variety of reasons why eczema appears on the hands. For example, the hands can be affected by irritant or allergic contact dermatitis or both at the same time.
Coming into contact with irritants such as dust, detergents, cleaning agents, airborne sprays or even just frequent hand-washing can cause irritant hand eczema . The skin on the palms of the hands is much thicker than elsewhere on the body and is normally able to withstand a great deal of wear and tear. But in people who regularly immerse their hands in detergents or solvents, the protective barrier of the skin breaks down, and eczema may develop. People who have this form of hand eczema often have a history of eczema in childhood.
Allergic hand eczema arises as a result of an allergic reaction to a particular substance in the environment. It is possible to be allergic to a number of different substances, but common causes of contact sensitivity include nickel, fragrances, preservative chemicals, rubber and various plants, amongst other things. Once a persons immune system has identified a substance as harmful, they will react to the substance every time their skin is exposed to it, and this reaction becomes more severe on every exposure to the allergen.
When an allergic reaction of this kind is suspected, your GP should refer you to a dermatologist, who will normally perform patch tests to try to identify the allergic cause.
Read Also: Why Does My Eczema Burn
When Should You Call Your Doctor
- Itching makes you or your child irritable.
- Itching is interfering with daily activities or with sleep.
- There are crusting or oozing sores, severe scratch marks, widespread rash, severe discolouration of the skin, or a fever that is accompanied by a rash.
- Painful cracks form on the hands or fingers.
- Atopic dermatitis on the hands interferes with daily school, work, or home activities.
- Signs of bacterial infection develop. These include:
- Increased pain, swelling, redness, tenderness, or heat.
- Red streaks extending from the area.
- A discharge of pus.
- A fever of 38°C or higher with no other cause.
Consider Alternative Options For Scent
For many people with eczema or sensitive skin, scent can be an irritant. If you do want your laundry to have a scent when it comes out of the dryer, however, and opt not to use dryer sheets or fabric softener, try adding a few drops of essential oils to an old t-shirt cut up into squares and toss one into the dryer with the wet clothes. I sometimes use lemon or lavender essential oils, which can provide a very nice, light scent, and are gentle on my sons eczema.
Don’t Miss: What Causes Eczema All Over The Body
Is Eczema Or Atopic Dermatitis Contagious
Eczema is not contagious, as people most often develop it only if they have a genetic predisposition.
Research suggests that several genes may play a role in the development of atopic dermatitis. In some cases, a single mutation in CARD11 a gene involved in the development and function of certain immune-system cells can cause eczema, according to a study published in June 2017 in the journal Nature Genetics.
It’s important to understand that having a genetic predisposition to eczema doesn’t mean that a person will inevitably get it.
While eczema is not contagious, the skin infections associated with the condition may be. Compared with eczema, these infections are often tender and may “weep” liquid.
Eczema On Fingertips Pictures:
Hands and feet may be a prime target for eczema in winters or summers when the air is dry. The skin loses its moisture and becomes dry to cause skin inflammation. Eczema includes dry patches of skin, irritation, inflammation, peeling skin and cracks on your fingertips. The peeling and cracking of skin may resemble sunburn or blisters. One of the best things that you can do is to see a doctor as soon as the eczema symptoms arise. Your doctor can perform various tests to determine the allergens or irritants that are causing the skin condition. Doctors may recommend antibiotics, corticosteroids, cold compresses and more to use on a daily basis. Try keeping your hands and body moisturized twice or thrice daily in a normal routine too.
Read More aboutEczema on Finger | Hand Eczema
Don’t Miss: Does Cortisone Help With Eczema
How Is Eczema Or Atopic Dermatitis Diagnosed
A diagnosis of eczema is based on the characteristic rash as well as a history of symptoms and a family and personal medical history.
Your doctor will conduct a physical examination, paying close attention to the state of your skin, and may perform a skin biopsy to confirm the diagnosis and also to rule out other skin conditions.
To better understand your symptoms and their potential causes, your doctor will also ask you a number of questions about your:
- Family and personal history of allergic conditions, including hay fever and asthma
- Exposure to irritants and allergens
- Sleep habits
- Use of medication
- Previous treatments for skin-related issues
Your doctor may also give you a blood test to look for indications of a recent immune reaction, such as high levels ofeosinophils or antibodies calledimmunoglobulin E . Your physician will also perform allergy tests to determine possible allergic triggers for your skin flare-ups.
General Tips For Coping With Eczema
Other tips to manage your eczema include:
- Keep your fingernails short longer nails are more likely to injure your skin when you scratch.
- If the water in your area is hard or alkaline, consider installing a water-softening device.
- Swim in the sea in warm weather whenever you can seawater is known to reduce the symptoms of eczema.
- Use sun exposure for limited periods for example, when swimming at the beach. This can help relieve eczema symptoms. But be aware that ultraviolet radiation is a risk factor for skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin. Also, if sun exposure causes overheating, this can also aggravate eczema.
What Can I Expect If Ive Been Diagnosed With Eczema
Nearly half of children with eczema will outgrow the condition or experience great improvement by the time they reach puberty. Others will continue to have some form of the disease. For adults with eczema, the disease can be generally well-managed with good skin care and treatment, although flare-ups of symptoms can occur throughout life.