Tips For Bathing And Moisturizing With Eczema
Although there have not been comparative studies to pinpoint the best frequency or duration of bathing, the Soak and Seal method of treating eczema is recommended by many healthcare providers to combat dry skin and reduce flares.
To get the full therapeutic benefit of Soak and Seal, follow these steps in order:
- Bathe or shower in lukewarm water for a short period of time at least once per day.
- Avoid scrubbing your skin with a washcloth or loofah.
- Use a gentle cleanser that is unscented, fragrance-free and dye-free.
- Lightly pat dry with a towel leaving the skin damp. Do not rub the skin.
- Apply prescription topical medication to the affected areas of skin as directed.
- Liberally apply a high-oil content moisturizer all over the body to seal in moisture. Try to do this within 3 minutes to limit the amount of moisture lost from the skin.
Let the moisturizer absorb into the skin for a few minutes before dressing or applying wet wraps. Wear cotton gloves over your hands while you sleep to help lock in the moisturizer and prevent scratching. Visit our Product Directory for a list of cleansers and moisturizers that fulfill the requirements of NEAs Seal of Acceptance program.
What Are The Signs & Symptoms Of Eczema
The signs of eczema :
- are mainly dry, itchy skin. Because it is so itchy, it is often called “the itch that rashes.”
- include redness, scales, and bumps that can leak fluid and then crust over
- tend to come and go. When they get worse, it is called a flare-up.
- may be more noticeable at night
Symptoms can vary:
- Infants younger than 1 year old usually have the eczema rash on their cheeks, forehead, or scalp. It may spread to the knees, elbows, and trunk .
- Older kids and teens usually get the rash in the bends of the elbows, behind the knees, on the neck, or on the inner wrists and ankles. Their skin is often scalier and drier than when the eczema first began. It also can be thicker, darker, or scarred from all the scratching .
What Causes Discoid Eczema
The cause of discoid eczema is unknown, although it is often accompanied by dry skin and is thought to be triggered by irritation of the skin.
Discoid eczema tends to affect adults and is rare in children. It is more common among men aged from 50 to 70 and women in their teens or twenties.
Some people with discoid eczema may also have other types of eczema, such as atopic eczema.
Read more about the causes of discoid eczema.
Read Also: How To Get Rid Of Eczema On My Baby’s Face
Eczema Treatment: What To Do About Treating Baby Eczema In The Creases Behind Elbows And Behind Knees
Clean Eczema Skin Rash: Gently wash the irritated area with purified lukewarm water and a soft, clean cotton cloth. A Hypochlorous solution like SkinSmart Antimicrobial® can be an excellent way to initially treat the rash and minimize the urge to scratch the itch. Its mild, fragrance-free, hypoallergenic and eliminates harmful bacteria that can lead to infections.
Moisturize the Irritated Skin: Carefully rub a generous amount of a high-quality moisturizer like Vaniply® from Pharmaceutical Specialties, Inc. into the irritated areas. Vaniply is a mild and gentle ointment that helps soothe dry, irritated, itchy skin without a greasy feel. Vaniply will help prevent water loss, relieve and prevent dry, chapped, and cracked skin.
This process should be repeated at least twice a day and for as long as the skin irritation is visible. If the condition does not start visibly getting better or discomfort and itching persist consult your healthcare professional immediately.
Conditions They’re Linked To
Eczema usually comes along with dry, sensitive skin. You may have someone in your family who has it or has asthma or hay fever.
Psoriasis is linked to other serious health conditions. If you have it, you may also have diabetes, heart disease, or depression.
Whether it’s psoriasis or eczema, your doctor can recommend ways to get relief for it.
Recommended Reading: Can You Use Aveeno Eczema Therapy On Face
How Is Each Treated
Eczema treatment depends on how severe it is. For mild to moderate cases, youâll use a topical corticosteroid to control inflammation, and youâll use an emollient on your skin. This type of moisturizer has an oil or cream base, not a water base, like lotion, which could dry your skin out more.
If you have moderate to severe eczema, you may need to try a medicine that affects your immune system like , methotrexate, azathioprine, or cyclosporine. If nothing else works, your doctor may prescribe a biologic drug called dupilumab . You might also try light therapy using ultraviolet light.
Psoriasis treatment is either systemic, which means it affects your entire body, or topical, which goes on your skin. If your disease is limited, or mild, you may be able to control it with topical corticosteroids and emollients.
How Common Is Eczema
Eczema affects up to 15 million Americans. Infants are prone to eczema and 10% to 20% will have it. However, nearly half outgrow the condition or have significant improvement as they get older.
Eczema affects males and females equally and is more common in people who have a personal or family history of asthma, environmental allergies and/or food allergies.
Recommended Reading: Best Over The Counter Medicine For Eczema
At What Age Do They Start
Eczema usually starts in babies or young children. Often, symptoms improve when a kid becomes a grown-up.
It’s less common, but possible, to get it as an adult. When that happens, it’s usually because you have another condition like thyroid disease, hormone changes, or stress.
Psoriasis, on the other hand, usually shows up between ages 15 and 35. But you can get it at other ages too. It’s rare for a baby to have it.
Use A Moisturizer On Your Skin Every Day
Moisturizers help keep your skin soft and flexible. They prevent skin cracks. A plain moisturizer is best. Avoid moisturizers with fragrances and a lot of extra ingredients. A good, cheap moisturizer is plain petroleum jelly . Use moisturizers that are more greasy than creamy because creams usually have more preservatives in them.
Regular use of a moisturizer can help prevent the dry skin that is common in winter.
Recommended Reading: What Makes Your Eczema Flare Up
How To Treat Eczema In The Creases Behind Elbows And Behind Knees
One of the most common places on the body for Atopic Dermatitis to appear is on the backs of elbows and/or behind knees in an area called the creases. The creases of elbows and knees are susceptible to eczema related irritation because this is where sweat and salt build-up and skin rubs against skin. Anything that causes sweating can irritate the rash and these two areas of the body are prone to perspiration, even in infants. Also, the friction from clothing and other trapped irritants can further irritate this area and foster the persistence of Atopic Dermatitis.
Eczema behind elbows and eczema behind knees can be especially challenging since they are easy areas to scratch, and therefore eczema in these areas of the body can become easily inflamed, and persistent scratching can damage sensitive skin, making it more prone to infection and further complications including life-long scarring.
Eczema Tip: Keep fingernails cut short and smooth to prevent skin damage. Cover fingers during sleep to prevent scratching.
How Is Atopic Dermatitis Treated In A Child
Treatment will depend on your childs symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is. There is no cure for atopic dermatitis. The goals of treatment are to ease itching and inflammation, add moisture, and prevent infection.
Treatment of atopic dermatitis includes:
Staying away from irritants, as advised by your child’s healthcare provider
Bathing with a gentle cleaner or body wash advised by the healthcare provider
Keeping your child’s fingernails short, to help prevent scratching that can cause skin irritation and infection
Using moisturizing lotion advised by the healthcare provider
Your child’s healthcare provider may also prescribe medicines. They may be used alone or together. The following are most commonly used to treat atopic dermatitis:
Recommended Reading: Best Formula For Babies With Eczema
Whats The Difference Between Dermatitis And Psoriasis
Psoriasis and dermatitis can appear similar. Both cause patches of red skin. However, in psoriasis, the scales are thick and the edges of those scales are well-defined.
Discuss with your healthcare provider your questions about which type of skin condition you have. You can have more than one skin condition at a time. Treatments for one may not work for the other.
Is It Cradle Cap
Cradle cap in babies is a condition that doctors call seborrheic eczema or seborrheic dermatitis. It appears as oily, scaly patches on the scalp. In contrast, atopic dermatitis is more often found on the cheeks, though it can also affect the scalp. Also unlike eczema, cradle cap typically isnât itchy. Usually cradle cap clears up without treatment in a few weeks or months.
You May Like: Skinfix Eczema+ Foaming Oil Body Wash
Recommended Reading: Steroid Cream For Infant Eczema
Key Points About Atopic Dermatitis In Children
Atopic dermatitis is a long-term skin condition. It’s common in babies and children.
A child with allergies or family members with atopic dermatitis has a higher chance of having atopic dermatitis.
Itching, dryness, and redness are common symptoms.
The goals of treatment are to ease itching and inflammation of the skin, increase moisture, and prevent infection.
Staying away from triggers is important to manage the condition.
It usually gets better or goes away as a child gets older.
Symptoms Of Elbow Eczema
Eczema keeps the skin from appearing smooth and healthy. If you suffer from elbow eczema, the skin in your inner elbow will likely be red, dry, crackedand extremely itchy. Scratch marks may be present if youve engaged in intense scratching. In some cases, the affected skin can even develop a thicker, scaly texture. Symptoms will usually go through periods where they range in degree of severity. For example, there may be moments when symptoms are less noticeable and others where they flare-up.
You May Like: What Makes Eczema Worse In Babies
Psoriasis Vs Eczema: Self
Liberal use of a thick, nonirritating moisturizer can ease dryness and help restore the skin barrier in both conditions, says Khetarpal.
Avoiding products with dyes and fragrances is important in eczema.
Since sunburn can worsen both psoriasis and eczema, its important to wear a broad-spectrum, water-resistant sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or higher when spending time outdoors.
While there isnt evidence that a specific diet that eliminates items like dairy or sugar can help either condition, you can benefit from drinking alcohol only in moderation, eating a healthy diet, drinking plenty of water, and exercising .
How Is Eczema Treated
There is no cure for eczema. But treatments can help with symptoms. The doctor will recommend different treatments based on how severe the symptoms are, the child’s age, and where the rash is. Some are “topical” and applied to the skin. Others are taken by mouth.
Topical moisturizers. Skin should be moisturized often . The best time to apply moisturizer is after a bath or shower, with the skin patted dry gently. Ointments and creams are best because they contain a lot of oil. Lotions have too much water to be helpful.
Topical corticosteroids, also called cortisone or steroid creams or ointments. These ease skin inflammation. It’s important not to use a topical steroid prescribed for someone else. These creams and ointments vary in strength, and using the wrong strength in sensitive areas can damage the skin, especially in infants.
Other topical anti-inflammatory medicines. These include medicines that change the way the skin’s immune system reacts.
Medicine taken by mouth. These can include antihistamines to help itchy kids sleep better at night, antibiotics if a rash gets infected by bacteria, and corticosteroid pills or other medicines that suppress the immune system.
Other types of treatment can include:
- wet wraps: damp cloths placed on irritated areas of skin
- bleach baths: bathing in very diluted bleach solution
Read Also: Best Probiotic For Baby With Eczema
Psoriasis Vs Eczema: Skin Of Color
Psoriasis and eczema can look different in people depending on their racial and ethnic backgrounds.
On light skin, both conditions can cause red patches, but skin of color may not show redness as much. It can look like hyperpigmentation or darker brown patches instead of red scaly patches, Khetarpal says. Doctors trained to look for redness may misdiagnose both psoriasis and eczema in people of color, leading to a delay in treatment.
Treatments are the same for anyone with any skin color, says Khetarpal.
Eczema On Elbows Treatment
Good news is most solutions are available over the counter. Treatments are tame in nature and carry little or mild side effects. Medications such as Zyrtec, Benadryl, or generic store brand antihistamines offer relief to inflammation and itchiness. They may cause changes in mood or fatigue, but relatively docile adverse effects that are easy to handle. Home remedies may solve these issues better as theyre all natural. Homeopaths rave about the healing properties of coconut oil. You may have heard the hype or scrolled past posts on Facebook, but there is science to it.
Researchers uncovered the effectiveness of how it can help people of all ages with eczema. Children even demonstrated enhanced skin hydration after the experiment ended. Adding oatmeal to baths is also good for moisture. It is gentle, and safe to ingest, making it an ideal solution for infants and kids. Putting mittens or oven mitts that are unremovable on for sleeping to prevent unintentional scratching can limit abrasions and cuts which can turn into infection and complications more serious than eczema alone. A Goumi mitt or Scratchsleeves can by bought for this purpose.
Also Check: Dove Eczema Body Wash Baby
Things To Consider With Otc Products
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration decides whether a medicine is safe enough to sell over the counter. However, using OTC medicines still has potential risks. Some interact with other prescription or OTC medicines, supplements, foods or beverages. Others cause problems for people with certain medical conditions. Be sure to talk to your healthcare provider before taking any OTC medicines for eczema.
Its important to correctly follow directions for OTC medicines and be careful when administering them to children. You should never take OTC eczema drugs for longer durations or in higher doses than the product label recommends.
How To Treat Eczema On Elbows
Eczema is a chronic condition wherepatches of skin become rough and inflamed, or scaly and red, with blisters thatcause itching and bleeding. It is very common in children but can occur at anyage.
Eczema is not contagious and itsappearance can vary from person to person. It often develops in problem spots likebody creases where sweat and salt build up and skin rubs against skin.Scratching the skin can begin a vicious itch-scratch cycle.
Having eczema on elbows can be justas frustrating as having it on any other part of the body, but because its aneasy spot to scratch, elbow eczema can become easily inflamed, and too muchscratching can rip through sensitive skin, making this area more susceptible toinfection.
Unfortunately, elbow eczema cancause discomfort whenever the arm bends during regular daily activities. It cancause a distraction during the day or a problem at night going to sleep. Itchy innerelbows can be especially problematic if the area gets dry and cracked, becausebacteria can enter through the broken skin and cause infections.
You May Like: Good Eczema Lotion For Babies
Choice Of Topical Corticosteroid
There are different strengths of topical corticosteroids that can be prescribed depending on the severity of your eczema. Discoid eczema usually needs a stronger type of corticosteroid than other types of eczema.
You might be prescribed a cream to be used on visible areas, such as face and hands, and an ointment to be used at night or for more severe flare-ups.
How To Get Rid Of Eczema On Elbows
Eczema is an umbrella term for several conditions that resemble one another. They are categorized by slight differences in appearance, severity, and cause for manifestation. Depending on these, you can determine how to get rid of your eczema on our elbows. First, remember there is no established universal cure.
- How to treat Eczema on scalp: symptoms, treatment & home remedies.
- How to Get rid of Eczema on Hands: Treatment, Home Remedies with pictures.
Eczema is a lifelong condition that possesses no permanent solutions. Instead of cures, researchers offer methods to manage conditions. First, establish with a licensed health provider that you indeed exhibit eczema. They will inform you of proper ways how to treat it.
Don’t Miss: Best Face Cream For Facial Eczema
Psoriasis Vs Eczema: Causes
Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease an overproduction of skin cells, Dr. Khetarpal says.
She explains that in normal skin, it takes around 28 days for a cell to mature, travel to the surface of the epidermis, and be shed along with other dead cells.
In people with psoriasis, however, that process speeds up to just a few days. As a result, live cells can accumulate along with dead ones, which can lead to the formation of scaly lesions.
In eczema, the skin isnt able to retain water as it needs to, which can make the skin dry and itchy, as well as more sensitive to irritants, says Khetarpal.
There may also be an immune component to eczema, says the National Eczema Association . People with eczema tend to have an overly reactive immune system that, when triggered by a substance outside or inside the body, responds by producing inflammation. This inflammation causes the discolored, itchy, and painful skin symptoms common to eczema.