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Most Common Causes Of Eczema

Where Can I Find More Information About Eczema

1 in 10 adult Singaporeans suffer from atopic dermatitis, most common form of eczema

Eczema is a general term for a group of inflammatory skin conditions that result in dry, itchy skin. The most common type of eczema is atopic dermatitis, which usually starts in childhood. Eczema is not contagious.

There is no cure for eczema, but there are ways to manage the symptoms and prevent flare-ups. Treatment typically involves keeping the skin moist, using gentle cleansers, and avoiding triggers that can cause a flare-up.

Causes of eczema are not well understood, but it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors. It is more common in people who have a family history of allergies or other medical conditions such as asthma or hay fever.

Eczema can affect people of any age, but it most often starts in childhood. It is estimated that about 10% to 20% of children in the United States have eczema. The condition is less common in adults, but about 3% of adults are affected.

Can Eczema Be Prevented

Eczema, also called atopic dermatitis, is a chronic condition that makes your skin dry and itchy. Itufffds common in children, but can occur at any age. Thereufffds no cure for eczema, but treatments can relieve the symptoms.


The exact cause of eczema isnufffdt known. Itufffds thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. People with eczema often have other conditions like hay fever or asthma.


Eczema symptoms come and go. They can be mild, moderate or severe. They include:

-Dry skin that can be thickened and scaly

-Skin rashes that are red to brownish-gray in color

-Intense itching

-Burning or painful skin


There is no sure way to prevent eczema, but there are things you can do to lessen the chance of having an eczema flare-up:

-Use gentle soaps and moisturizers on your skin

Avoid sudden changes in temperature or humidity

Handle stress calmly


Eczema treatment depends on how severe your symptoms are. For mild eczema, you may only need to use a moisturizer to relieve the dryness. For moderate to severe eczema, you may need medicine thatufffds applied to your skin or taken by mouth .

Favorite Eczema Tracking App

Eczema Tracker

Information is power when it comes to managing eczema symptoms and flare-ups. Eczema Tracker allows you to take a photo of flare-ups and monitor your condition, as well as track and analyze a wealth of information concerning your triggers, allergies, and skin. The app even provides local pollen, weather, mold, and humidity information to help you manage your symptoms. It uses your data to find trends that may lead to flare-ups. Eczema Tracker is available only for iOS in the Apple Store. It is a free app.

Read Also: Eczema On Bottom Of Feet Treatment

Eczema Coping Tips Good Hygiene

Skin affected by eczema is more vulnerable to a range of infections, including impetigo, cold sores and warts. The bacterium Staphylococcus aureus may cause a secondary infection of impetigo, and possibly contribute to the symptoms of eczema.Suggestions for washing include:

  • Take lukewarm baths or showers, and avoid really hot showers.
  • Dont use ordinary soap, as the ingredients may aggravate your eczema. Wash your body with warm water alone. For armpits and groin, use soap-free products, such as sorbolene cream.
  • Bath oils can help to moisturise your skin while bathing.
  • When towelling dry, pat rather than rub your skin.

Looking At Eczema From The Inside Out

Eczema: Understanding Why It

First and foremost we need to understand that eczema is an external presentation of an internal problem, specifically inflammation.

When youre chronically inflamed, your immune system becomes stressed and eventually goes overboard and ends up attacking your skin.

Conventional medicine focuses solely on applying steroid creams and ointments to the inflamed skin in an attempt to calm it.

However, in functional medicine, our goal is to uncover the root cause of the inflammation and treat it at its source.

Read Also: Sunscreen For Kids With Eczema

Who Should Be Tested

With up to 70 percent of infants and young children with eczema having an underlying allergy that contributes to disease severity,â¯healthcare providers can use specific IgE testing to enhance the diagnostic process and pinpoint those allergensâ¯thatâ¯may be triggeringâ¯eczema symptoms.16,17 The specific information gleaned from test results can also be used to develop a personalized treatment plan.â¯â¯

Seattle Children’s Urgent Care Locations

If your childâs illness or injury is life-threatening, call 911.

  • What You Should Know About Eczema:
  • Eczema is a chronic skin disease. So, you need to learn how to control it.
  • Itching attacks are to be expected.
  • The goal is to treat all flare-ups quickly. Reason: To prevent skin damage.
  • Here is some care advice that should help.
  • Treatment is Based on Severity of Eczema:
  • Mild Eczema. Just need to use a moisturizing cream and to avoid flare-up triggers.
  • Moderate Eczema. Also need to use a steroid cream and bedtime allergy medicine.
  • Severe Eczema. Also may need antibiotics for a skin infection caused by Staph bacteria. This infection starts in open skin from severe itching.
  • Moisturizing Cream or Ointment for Dry Skin:
  • All children with eczema have dry sensitive skin.
  • The skin needs a moisturizing cream Apply once or twice daily.
  • Apply the cream after a 5 or 10-minute bath. To trap moisture in the skin, apply the cream while skin is still damp. Do this within 3 minutes of leaving the bath or shower.
  • The steroid cream should be applied to any itchy spots first. Then use the moisturizing cream as the top layer.
  • While most parents prefer creams, moisturizing ointments are sometimes needed in the winter. An example is Vaseline.
  • Caution: Never stop the moisturizing cream. Reason: The rash will come back.
  • Steroid Cream or Ointment for Itching:
  • Itchy skin is the main symptom of eczema.
  • Steroid creams or ointments are essential for controlling red, itchy skin.
  • Bathing – Avoid Soaps:
  • Also Check: Aveeno Eczema Care Body Wash

    Eczema Coping Tips Reducing Skin Irritation

    People with eczema have sensitive skin. Irritants such as heat or detergents can easily trigger a bout of eczema.Suggestions for reducing skin irritation include:

    • Avoid overheating your skin. Wear several layers of clothing that you can remove, as required, instead of one heavy layer. Dont put too many blankets on your bed and avoid doonas.
    • Dont use perfumed bubble bath or bath products labelled medicated.
    • Wear soft, smooth materials next to your skin, preferably 100% cotton. Avoid scratchy materials, such as pure wool, polyester or acrylic. You could try a cotton and synthetic mix material this is fine for some people with eczema. Remove labels from clothing.
    • Always wear protective gloves when using any type of chemical or detergent. You may want to wear cotton gloves inside rubber or PVC gloves.
    • Avoid chlorinated pools. If you have to swim in a chlorinated pool, moisturise your skin well when you get out.

    You should discuss any symptoms that worry you with a medical professional.

    Contact a healthcare provider if:

    • Atopic dermatitis doesnât improve with care at home.
    • There are signs of infection .
    • Symptoms get worse.
    • Treatments prescribed arenât working.

    A healthcare provider can create a treatment plan to manage symptoms. Treatment options can include medications, skin care, and phototherapy, which uses ultraviolet light to treat symptoms.

    When To Seek Professional Help

    Pinoy MD: The most common cause of eczema

    You should see a doctor if you think you have a skin allergy so that you can have patch testing performed. If your patch testing comes up positive for a skin allergy, your doctor can prescribe topical or oral steroids to treat your contact dermatitis.

    Irritant and allergic contact dermatitis can worsen with a bacterial infection. If your rash has exudate or pus, weeping, or crusting, schedule an appointment with your doctor to receive further treatment.

    Read Also: What Is The Difference Between Rosacea And Eczema

    Eczema Types: Atopic Dermatitis Overview

    All content solely developed by the American Academy of Dermatology

    The American Academy of Dermatology gratefully acknowledges the support from Leo Pharma, Inc., and Sanofi and Regeneron.

    What is atopic dermatitis

    Learn about the most common form of eczema.

    What is atopic dermatitis? Often called eczema or atopic eczema, this is a condition that usually develops by 5 years of age and causes extremely itchy rashes that come and go.

    Is atopic dermatitis contagious? No.

    Eczema Coping Tips Diet

    In most cases, eczema isnt caused or made worse by diet. If you notice that your eczema seems to get worse after eating a particular food, you may be an exception to this. See your doctor or dietitian for proper allergy testing and dietary advice.Never self-diagnose or you risk depriving yourself of enjoyable and nutritious foods for no good reason. Unnecessarily avoiding certain foods can lead to nutritional deficiencies.

    Read Also: What Is Eczema And How Do You Get It

    Importance Of Eczema Treatment

    There is growing evidence that allergens introduced into the body through the skin can lead to the later development of food allergy, asthma and hay fever. Aggressively treating eczema in children and taking steps to restore normal skin barrier function may lower the risk of future development of these conditions.

    General Tips For Coping With Eczema

    Eczema Treatment Long Island, Queens New York

    Other tips to manage your eczema include:

    • Keep your fingernails short longer nails are more likely to injure your skin when you scratch.
    • If the water in your area is hard or alkaline, consider installing a water-softening device.
    • Swim in the sea in warm weather whenever you can seawater is known to reduce the symptoms of eczema.
    • Use sun exposure for limited periods for example, when swimming at the beach. This can help relieve eczema symptoms. But be aware that ultraviolet radiation is a risk factor for skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin. Also, if sun exposure causes overheating, this can also aggravate eczema.

    Recommended Reading: Is There A Vaccine For Eczema

    Eczema Coping Tips Beauty Products

    Suggestions for using beauty products include:

    • Remember that even hypoallergenic cosmetics can irritate your skin. Whenever possible, keep your face free of make-up.
    • Avoid perfumes, fragranced skin lotions and strongly scented shampoos.
    • When using a new cosmetic, try testing it first on a small, inconspicuous area of skin such as your forearm. If you experience a reaction, dont use the product again.

    Do Certain Foods Make Eczema Worse

    Theres a link between food allergies and eczema. People with eczema are more likely to have food allergies and vice versa. However, foods that directly cause flare-ups are rare. Some people may experience flare-ups after eating certain foods, but this is rare and most people with atopic dermatitis do not require specific food avoidance.

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    Favorite Resource For Becoming An Advocate

    We love that the NEA has made it so easy to advocate for better healthcare policies. Their Advocacy Action Center enables people to browse legislation related to eczema in various states. If you wish to take action, you can click on a button and fill out an online form to send a message to your local lawmaker.

    How Does Baby Eczema Affect My Childs Skin

    What is Eczema? Causes, Signs and Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment.

    Baby eczema makes your babys skin dry, itchy and sensitive. This happens because your babys protective barrier on the outermost layer of their skin is weak and doesnt work as expected. Their symptoms can last for a couple of weeks each time theres a flare-up of symptoms.

    Baby eczema is a chronic condition, where it can come and go unexpectedly. Some children grow out of the condition when they reach adulthood but will still experience symptoms of dry skin or mild flare-ups throughout their life.

    Read Also: Can You Catch Eczema From Someone Else

    Ultraviolet Radiation Therapy For Eczema

    Exposure to ultraviolet radiation can help reduce the symptoms of chronic eczema. Exposure under medical supervision can be carefully monitored with the use of specially designed cabinets the person stands naked in the cabinet and fluorescent tubes emit ultraviolet radiation.A person with stubborn eczema may need up to 30 sessions. The risks of unsupervised ultraviolet radiation therapy can be the same as for sunbathing faster ageing of the skin and greater risk of skin cancer.

    Millions Live With Atopic Dermatitis

    Atopic dermatitis is common worldwide. People of all ages from newborns to adults 65 years of age and older live with this condition. Symptoms range from excessively dry, itchy skin to painful, itchy rashes that cause sleepless nights and interfere with everyday life.

    Atopic dermatitis is common

    1 in 10 Americans has atopic dermatitis.

    In the United States, research indicates that African American and Asian American children develop AD more often than white children.

    When a child has deeply pigmented skin, AD tends to be diagnosed later in life. Sometimes, the condition is missed altogether because its less noticeable. In brown or black skin, you tend to see gray to violet-brown skin discoloration rather than red rashes.

    Don’t Miss: What Is The Reason For Eczema

    Favorite Resource For Diet Advice

    Avoiding food allergy triggers may help you manage eczema, but sometimes you need help identifying precisely what the triggers are. This is where an elimination diet may help. This approach involves omitting a food you think is problematic and then reintroducing it to see what happens. We love this article with information from the dermatologist Peter Lio, MD, which delves into some of the misconceptions about the diet, as well as the link between eczema and what you eat.

    Causes Of The Diseases


    Eczema and psoriasis, while two distinct conditions, have something key in common. Both diseases, says Dr. Amy Paller, Professor of Dermatology and Pediatrics at the Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, involve the human immune system, just in different ways.

    With psoriasis, the immune system is overactive in a manner that leads to the growth of too many new skin cells, too fast. These cells pile up on the surface of the skin, causing thick scales or plaques that can be dry, flaky and painful. Psoriasis can be triggered or worsened by stress, skin injury, cold/dry weather, medications or infections. Genetics also seem to play a role with psoriasis risks running in families.

    While experts dont completely know what causes eczema, a combination of genes, immune system tendencies and triggers are believed to be involved. People with eczema tend to have overly-reactive immune systems that, when triggered by a substance outside or inside the body, respond by causing inflammation. Researchers have also found that some people with eczema have a mutation in a gene that plays an important role in the skin barrier leaving the skin more vulnerable to dryness, irritants and allergens . Similar to psoriasis, stress can also trigger eczema and family history can increase eczema risks.

    Recommended Reading: How To Cure Eczema On Hands

    Q : How Can Skin Be Maintained And Protected Every Day

    It is important to keep skin that is prone to eczema well moisturised every day:

    • Moisturisers add moisture and form a barrier that protects the skin, so that it retains moisture. If the protective barrier of skin is damaged eczema frequently develops.
    • Apply non-perfumed moisturiser to the face and body twice every day.
    • Avoid moisturisers containing food proteins such as goat milk, wheatgerm and nut oils.
    • After a bath or shower in lukewarm water, pat the skin dry and apply moisturiser.
    • Use non-soap based wash or oil and avoid soap and bubbly products which dry out the skin.
    • After swimming , rinse and apply moisturiser.

    Food Allergy And Eczema Flare

    • Food allergies are a factor in 30% of young children with severe eczema. This factor is mainly seen in babies.
    • The main allergic foods are cow’s milk and eggs.
    • The main symptoms are increased skin redness and itching. Some parents report these symptoms start during or soon after the feeding.
    • The eczema becomes easier to control if you avoid the allergic food.

    Recommended Reading: How To Treat Contact Eczema

    What Are The Long

    Eczema is a form of dermatitis, or inflammation of the skin. The most common type of eczema is atopic dermatitis. Atopic refers to a group of conditions that tend to run in families and includes asthma and hay fever. People who have atopic dermatitis experience dry, itchy skin that can lead to blisters, cracked skin, and raw patches. In severe cases, it can cause hair loss.

    There is no cure for eczema, but there are treatments that can help reduce symptoms and prevent flares. The goal of treatment is to heal the skin, relieve symptoms, and prevent future flares.

    Eczema can be a long-term condition, but it is often possible to control it with medical treatment and by making lifestyle changes.

    How Common Is Eczema

    Dermatitis vs Eczema, are they same? Types of dermatitis, symptoms, prognosis and treatment

    Eczema affects up to 15 million Americans. Infants are prone to eczema and 10% to 20% will have it. However, nearly half outgrow the condition or have significant improvement as they get older.

    Eczema affects males and females equally and is more common in people who have a personal or family history of asthma, environmental allergies and/or food allergies.

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    What Doesnt Cause Eczema

    Eczema is not contagious. You can’t catch eczema by coming in contact with someone who has it.

    Eczema is not an allergic reaction. Even so, a large number of children who have eczema also have food allergies. That doesn’t mean that certain foods such as dairy, eggs, and nuts — common food allergy triggers in children with eczema — cause it or make it worse. Before removing particular foods from your child’s diet, talk with your doctor to be sure your child’s nutritional needs will be met.

    Who Is At Risk For Eczema

    Eczema is a general term for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become inflamed or irritated. Atopic dermatitis, the most common type of eczema, tends to run in families and often begins in childhood. People with eczema often have dry, sensitive skin and may be more likely to develop allergies.

    There is no cure for eczema, but there are ways to manage it. The goal of treatment is to relieve symptoms and prevent flares. Treatment may include moisturizers, corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and light therapy.

    Who is at risk for eczema?

    Anyone can develop eczema, but it is most common in people who have a family history of the condition or other allergies. children are more likely than adults to develop eczema, and it often begins in infancy.

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