Its Probably: Cutaneous T
A lot of people miss this diagnosis. I see it all the time. They call it eczema, they call it dry skin, and it’s not, says Adam Friedman, MD, FAAD, professor of dermatology at GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences. Cutaneous t-cell lymphoma is actually a type of skin cancer, relating to abnormal immune cells called lymphocytes. And this condition has a predilection for areas that are covered.
Join WH Stronger today and get unlimited access to digital content, exclusive workouts, and more!
CTL typically looks like a wrinkled, smudgy rash, and while the image above shows red-colored irritation, Dr. Robinson says that on darker skin it can present hypopigmented or hyperpigmented .
While this cancer isn’t super common, when not treated, Dr. Friedman says it can turn into a more serious health situation.
What Causes That Itchy Rash
Atopic Dermatitis Finger
The cause of your rash could be due to a plethora of conditions. Rashes are not easy to diagnose and in some cases even doctors struggle to diagnose correctly. We would always recommend speaking to a board-certified dermatologist if you have a persistent rash. Equally, we have created artificial intelligence that allows you to search for potential skin rash causes. Simply upload an image and we provide the results.
Check Rashes at Home
Outbreaks of rashes that are itchy, red, spots or bumps on the skin are very common and have many different causes. If you have an outbreak, you need to do some itchy rash investigation yourself.
There are a few things to consider before talking to a doctor. Firstly, did you come into contact with something unusual recently? This can include both natural materials and artificial materials or work related . Anything unusual?
Maybe you ate fruit that you do not usually eat or used a new cosmetic or detergent product? Any of these, you likely have an allergy-related rash. An online dermatologist can confirm a case of an allergy-related rash in just a few hours.
Eczema Coping Tips Avoid Changes In Temperature
Abrupt temperature and humidity changes can sometimes irritate the skin for example, going in and out of air-conditioned buildings on hot days or heated buildings on cold days.Hard physical activity or exercise that makes you sweat heavily can also trigger the itch of eczema.Suggestions include:
- In winter, dont overheat your house. Dress warmly when going outdoors and remove the extra layers as soon as you return.
- In summer, dont over cool your house. Air conditioners can dry out the air and irritate your skin.
- Avoid hard physical activity in hot weather. For example, do your gardening first thing in the morning, or in the evening when the sun is lower in the sky.
Read Also: How Do You Stop Eczema Flare Ups
How Can You Ease Your Symptoms
Dr. Fernandez recommends using a moisturizing cream or ointment if you have either eczema or psoriasis. Keeping your skin moist is helpful because youre more likely to itch if your skin is dry.
Your skin can also benefit from these general health tips:
- Drink alcohol only in moderation.
- Eat a healthy diet.
- Drink more water.
- Get plenty of exercise.
There is no cure for psoriasis and multiple types of eczema, including atopic dermatitis. But you can help limit the symptoms by getting proper treatment and taking good care of your skin, Dr. Fernandez says.
Favorite Resource For Becoming An Advocate
We love that the NEA has made it so easy to advocate for better healthcare policies. Their Advocacy Action Center enables people to browse legislation related to eczema in various states. If you wish to take action, you can click on a button and fill out an online form to send a message to your local lawmaker.
Recommended Reading: Can Stress And Anxiety Cause Eczema
When To Seek Medical Advice
See a pharmacist or GP if you think you may have discoid eczema. They can recommend a suitable treatment.
You should also seek medical advice if you think your skin may be infected. You may need to use an antibiotic cream or, in severe cases, take antibiotics as a tablet or capsule.
A GP should be able to make a diagnosis just by examining the affected areas of skin. In some cases they may also ask questions or arrange some tests to rule out other conditions.
A GP may refer you to a doctor who specialises in skin conditions if they’re unsure of the diagnosis or if you need a patch test.
It’s Probably: A Yeast Infection
Most people consider yeast infections strictly vaginal. But this type of infection can occur in skin folds on the body .
What people don’t understand is that yeast is not the problem itself. “We have yeast everywhere, as it’s part of our microbiome,” Dr. Friedman says. What’s actually happening is that people are experiencing intertrigo or irritant dermatitis, inflammation of the skin in skin folds caused by poor hygiene and friction. Yeast may overgrow in the inflamed area, leading to infection.
Watch for itchiness on your butt, closer to your perianal area. You might see satellite pustules, or small pus-filled bumps situated slightly away from the main rash area.
As far as treatment goes, OTC ointments or creams for yeast infections should do the trick.
Also Check: Best Cream For Eczema Around Eyes
How Is Eczema Treated
If you’re diagnosed with eczema, your doctor might:
- prescribe medicines to put on the skin that soothe the redness and irritation, such as creams or ointments that contain corticosteroids
- recommend other medicines to take by mouth if the eczema is really bad or you get it a lot
If someone has severe eczema, ultraviolet light therapy can help clear up the condition. Newer medicines that change the way the skin’s immune system reacts also may help.
What Symptoms Should You Watch For
Visually, it can sometimes be difficult to tell one condition from the other.
You have to look at all the clinical aspects of a rash to distinguish between eczema and psoriasis, including the history and the patients other medical problems, Dr. Fernandez says.
The common signs dry and/or cracked scaly skin, itching and red patches or plaques may show up for either.
With psoriasis, the plaques on your skin are likely thicker and have dry scaling. But sometimes thats not enough to tell between the two with the naked eye, Dr. Fernandez says.
A more obvious clue fluid leaking through the skin points to eczema.
When we see that, we definitely think about eczema instead of psoriasis, he says. But there are definitely times when we cannot tell the difference. And, in those cases, we will perform biopsies.
You May Like: Grahams Natural Skin Eczema Cream Review
Allergic Contact Dermatitis Of The Lower Leg
Allergic contact dermatitis is a condition in which the skin becomes irritated and inflamed following physical contact with an allergen. Common products known to cause allergic dermatitis include plants, metals, soap, fragrance, and cosmetics.
Top Symptoms: lower leg redness, lower leg itch, scabbed area of the lower leg
Symptoms that always occur with allergic contact dermatitis of the lower leg: lower leg redness
Itchy Bumps All Over Body: 5 Possible Causes And Corresponding Treatments
Effective treatment of skin conditions including itchy bumps starts with identifying their causes. So to treat the itchy bumps all over body, you need to know possible causes.
Scabies is a contagious parasitic infection that is caused by Sarcoptesscabiei. One of the main symptoms of scabies is an extremely itchy skin. The itchiness is worse at night and in warm weather. The bites of the mite are similar to mosquito bites. A patient suffering from scabies has rashes in different body parts that include the back, hands, genitals and feet.
Treatments: Treating scabies involves preventing further parasitic infestation. Doctors prescribe various lotions and creams to stop infestation. These include Lindane lotion, Permethrin cream, 5% and Ivermectin . In most prescriptions, you are required to apply the lotion or cream all over your body from neck down to feet. Leave the medication on your body for about eight hours. Doctors can also prescribe OTC antihistamines to relieve allergic symptoms associated with scabies.
4. Bedbug Infestation
5. Prickly Heat
Treatment: A heat rash often clears on its own within a few days. You can relieve the rash by avoiding excessive heat and humidity. Take a cool shower, air-dry your skin, or use a fan to cool yourself. Avoid oil-based product after your skin is cool and dry as they block sweat glands again. Apply calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream to relieve itchiness and irritation.
Read Also: How To Deal With Weeping Eczema
When To See A Doctor
Usually minor cases of dermatitis can be resolved with self-care, but if your symptoms dont improve, you should visit a dermatologist to determine the best course of action for symptom management of eczema or dermatitis.
If your skin becomes painful, infected, or very uncomfortable, you should make a doctors appointment as soon as possible.
What Is Dyshidrotic Eczema
Dyshidrotic eczema causes small, intensely itchy blisters on the palms of hands, soles of feet and edges of the fingers and toes. While the actual cause of dyshidrotic eczema isnt known, it is more common in people who have another form of eczema and tends to run in families, suggesting a genetic component.
Read Also: Which Is Worse Psoriasis Or Eczema
Allergic Reactions To Food Or Medicine
Eating a food or medicine you’re allergic to can cause you to break out in hives , an itchy red rash. It can appear as clusters of small, raised red or pink bumps or as larger welts in clusters or on their own, the AAD says.
In most cases, hives can be treated with antihistamines or corticosteroids to calm the reaction. But, in some cases, the swelling associated with hives occurs deeper in the skin, a condition , which can be more dangerous. If you develop angioedema, you may need to use medication like an EpiPen to relieve the reaction quickly or seek medical attention.
For most people, hives go away within a day or so. But some people get hives frequently, a condition called chronic urticaria. To treat that condition, your dermatologist may prescribe other medications.
If you know what caused the reaction, its important to avoid the trigger to avoid future reactions, which can be severe and even life-threatening. But if youre not sure what caused the reaction, you should check in with a dermatologist to figure it out.
What Is A Neck Rash Meaning
What does a neck rash look like? While there is no specific description of an eruption on the neck, several changes in the skin in terms of appearance or texture.
- In terms of color, your areas around the neck may turn red or white or pink. Sometimes there is discoloration or permanent change in skin texture.
- A rash on the neck may be bumpy, small or tiny spots or flat
- A rash can also make your skin look scaly, cracked, papular
Where does neck rashes occur? At the back of the neck, on the sides or around Adams apple area in men. Furthermore, if you a rash on the neck and chest or neck and the back, rashes can spread in a few hours after an eruption in a small area.
In more cases of a skin rash, the symptoms signify the rash itself. Symptoms vary according to the specific triggers or underlying cause. Presentation of the symptoms can also vary slightly between light-skinned individuals and those with a darker complexion.
NOTE: Rashes on the neck can go with no other notable symptoms.
Let us look at possible reasons or why you have a neck rash.
Don’t Miss: Prescription Eczema Cream For Kids
Chronic Itchy Skin Rashes In Adults
There are many types of skin rashes. A rash is an outbreak of many red bumps or patches on the skin. Many conditions can cause an itchy rash. In adults, several types of skin inflammation, various allergic reactions , and sometimes infection with a mite can cause a longstanding itchy skin rash.
Determining whether the condition is chronic, generally lasting more than 1-2 weeks, or recurrent, coming and going several times over weeks to months, helps to narrow the number of possible causes for the rash. The location and the extent of the skin rash on the body can also help determine a cause. Limited areas of involvement are typical of irritant or allergic contact dermatides, as well as a form of skin inflammation called lichen simplex chronicus. A rash in body folds is often due to intertrigo or a fungal infection. Eczema , dry skin , and psoriasis may involve either limited or extensive areas of skin covering the entire body.
Infections of the scalp include bacterial infection of hair follicles , infestation of head lice , and fungal infection of scalp ringworm . Itching and excessive flaking of the scalp is seen with both dandruff and psoriasis.
Eczema Coping Tips Beauty Products
Suggestions for using beauty products include:
- Remember that even hypoallergenic cosmetics can irritate your skin. Whenever possible, keep your face free of make-up.
- Avoid perfumes, fragranced skin lotions and strongly scented shampoos.
- When using a new cosmetic, try testing it first on a small, inconspicuous area of skin such as your forearm. If you experience a reaction, dont use the product again.
Don’t Miss: Best Bath Wash For Baby Eczema
Home Remedies For Itching
While the underlying condition is being treated, you may be left to deal with an aggravating itch. You have a lot of options for managing that yourself, though.
Common home remedies for itch include:
- Applying moisturizer
- Using a topical anesthetic containing pramoxine
- Using topical treatments containing menthol or calamine
- Applying aloe vera gel or coconut oil
- Applying cold compresses or ice packs for about 5-10 minutes at a time
- Taking a soothing oatmeal bath
What Are The Treatment Options
Though the underlying causes are different, treatment is generally similar, Dr. Fernandez says. You should see a dermatologist for any rash that doesnt go away with over-the-counter medicine, he says.
- Topical cortisone, especially if you have a mild case.
- Immunosuppressive drugs for more moderate to severe cases.
- or ultraviolet light treatment for severe cases.
Also, eczema can prompt a secondary infection so your doctor may use topical and systemic antibiotics to remove bacteria and calm the inflammation.
You May Like: Stress Related Eczema On Hands Treatment
Itchy Skin At Night With Bumps
Yes, itching of the skin is mostly associated with bumps or a rash. This is usually common where the only the ski is undergoing the suffering without an underlying condition. If you are not feeling sick otherwise, chances are it is nothing to worry about and will clear up on its own. Treating it with over-the-counter hydrocortisone itch relief cream until it goes away may be sufficient. But if it lasts for over two weeks, or goes away and comes back or if your itch cream is not bringing you relief, its a good idea to visit your dermatologist as you might need more targeted medication to clear things up.Common causes of nighttime itchy skin with bumps
Your cosmetics, skincare, haircare, and even your laundry detergent are found here. We come into contact with so many potential allergens every day, that there are numerous possibilities for your skin to become irritated. People tend to be allergic to preservatives, and some are more allergenic than others. See if you can find a common thread in the products you use, and if its just one thing, stop using it.
Eczema is a general term thats used to describe many different types of inflammation of the skin, or dermatitis, and can appear anywhere on the body, though its most commonly found in the elbow creases or behind the knees. The rash can look very different from person-to-person, but its usually intensely itchy, red, and dry.
Tips For Reducing Outbreaks
Here are a few ways to prevent eczema flare-ups and manage symptoms:
- Apply cool compresses to your skin, or take a colloidal oatmeal or baking soda bath to relieve the itch.
- Moisturize your skin daily with a rich, oil-based cream or ointment to form a protective barrier against the elements. Apply the cream right after you get out of the shower or bath to seal in moisture.
- After you bathe, gently blot your skin with a soft towel. Never rub.
- Avoid scratching. You could cause an infection.
- Use fragrance-free detergents, cleansers, makeup, and other skin care products.
- Wear gloves and protective clothing whenever you handle chemicals.
- Wear loose-fitting clothes made from soft fibers, like cotton.
You should also avoid any known triggers.
Also Check: How To Help With Eczema On Face
Can I Pop Dyshidrotic Eczema Blisters
Dyshidrotic eczema, also known as pompholyx eczema or dermatitis, is characterized by tiny blisters that are very itchy. These blisters frequently pop on their own. Intentionally popping dyshidrotic eczema blisters is not recommend. However, larger blisters can be drained by a doctor using a sterile syringe.
Use A Moisturizer On Your Skin Every Day
Moisturizers help keep your skin soft and flexible. They prevent skin cracks. A plain moisturizer is best. Avoid moisturizers with fragrances and a lot of extra ingredients. A good, cheap moisturizer is plain petroleum jelly . Use moisturizers that are more greasy than creamy because creams usually have more preservatives in them.
Regular use of a moisturizer can help prevent the dry skin that is common in winter.
Recommended Reading: Eucerin Eczema Relief Cream Ingredients
Soothe Itchy Plant Rashes
Prescription or over-the-counter medication can help soothe the itch. Try cool compresses and oatmeal baths, too. Your doctor may prescribe medication for a severe rash and antibiotics for an infection. Learn to spot these plants so you can avoid direct contact. In general, poison oak grows west of the Rockies poison ivy to the east.