How Different Skin Types Are Affected
The features of eczema differ depending on the persons skin type.
On paler skin, the typical pattern is inflamed, red or dark pink patches, with dry itchy skin, which in severe flares may ooze with small vesicles .
On darker skin, inflammation is more difficult to detect, as it is seen as various stages of hyper-pigmentation and is more subtle, so often redness is not seen. As a result, the severity of eczema can be underestimated.
Post-inflammatory hypo- and hyper-pigmentation are a much greater concern in people with darker skin, as it can take months for this to resolve and the discoloration can sometimes be a greater concern than the eczema itself.
Another feature of eczema, more commonly found in darker skin, is follicular prominence. This is where the eczema appears in small, itchy bumps or papules on the skin mainly on the trunk and forearms. Dry skin and scale can also be more prominent, as its white or grey colour shows up most noticeably.
A UK longitudinal study into ethnic variations in atopic eczema reported that children with darker skin were more likely to develop atopic eczema than their white counterparts and were six times more likely to develop severe eczema.
Pityriasis Rosea Rash On Chest And Back
Its the reddish pinkish and rough patch that appears on the chest or back. Usually, this patch is followed by extra pink or red patches.
Like other types, this rash has no clear causes. However, this rash looks like a specific viral disease, so there is an evidence that this disease results from viruses. Its worth to mention that this rash is not infectious and doesnt spread from one person to another.
Symptoms and signs
Initially, one may notice appearance of red and pink patches followed by additional red spots, which get itchier and more inflammatory by the time. Concerning the parts of body that get affected by this kind of rash are: the back, the chest, the neck, the abdomen, upper arms, and legs.
Normally, doctors ask people with Pityriasis Rosea rash to carry out blood tests, scrap the skin or skin biopsy, so that he can rule out any other skin conditions.
Patients with mild cases of Pityriasis Rosea rash dont necessarily need treatment, and sever cases also can overcome this rash without treatment prescribed. Yet, doctors may prescribe some medications that reduce itchiness, such as: antihistamines. In order to get rid of sores linked to this rash, exposure to sunlight is really recommended, but not too much.
Should I Seek Medical Advice
1. What does the rash look like?
In the recent past the best way to understand what your rash looks like is to start googling and look for similar images. For example, if the rash looks like it could be ringworm then its time to get yourself to the doctor. Frankly, despite us creating our skin guide it can still be challenging when looking at so many different rashes, this is why we have built our AI, so that you can upload your image and be provided with the matching diseases were here to narrow your search and give you answers!
2. Are you in pain?
This seems like an obvious one but its not always! If the rash is bothering you either mentally or physically, if the itch is incontrollable and hasnt gone away within a few days then speak to a dermatologist. This is usually a good warning sign that our body is fighting something and it is time to act, dont just leave it.
3. Are there other symptoms?
Another good way to understand your rash is to check for other symptoms, if you notice any signs such as shortness of breath, bleeding, blisters in mouth, eyes or on the skin or even swelling then we recommend you visit your doctor or get checked up by your dermatologist as quickly as possible.
Read Also: Medicated Hand Cream For Eczema
Common Symptoms Of Eczema Or Atopic Dermatitis
People with eczema have very dry, itchy skin and rashes on various parts of the body particularly the face, hands, feet, insides of the elbows, and behind the knees.
Skin lesions may also develop on the wrists, ankles, sides of the neck, or around the mouth.
Eczema typically appears red on white skin while on skin of color it may look darker brown, purple, or ashen gray.
The main symptom of eczema is itching, which can lead to frequent scratching and rubbing that further irritate and inflame the skin. This can, in turn, lead to increased itching and scratching, which only makes the eczema worse this is called the itch-scratch cycle.
Other skin symptoms associated with eczema include:
- Rough, leathery patches of skin from chronic scratching and rubbing
- Small, raised bumps that may appear after exposure to an allergen, during flare-ups, or after exercising or taking a hot bath or shower
- Increased skin creases on the palms of the hands
- An extra fold of skin that develops under the eye, called an atopic pleat, or Dennie-Morgan fold
- Patchy loss of eyebrows or eyelashes from scratching or rubbing
- Small, rough bumps on the face, upper arms, and thighs
- Scaly skin patches that may be rectangular
- Blisters or papules that ooze or crust over when scratched
- Swollen, sore skin
Can Atopic Dermatitis Happen To Adults
While atopic dermatitis is considered most common in children younger than 5, this type of eczema can develop at any age. You may also be more likely to experience atopic dermatitis as an adult if you had eczema during childhood. Atopic dermatitis has a tendency to flare up throughout your lifetime. At the same time, some people with childhood eczema outgrow it during adulthood. You may be more likely to experience lifelong atopic dermatitis if you also have allergies, hay fever, or asthma.
Don’t Miss: What Helps Eczema Flare Ups
What Can Cause Rash On Arms And Legs
1. Drug Rash
Medications can cause drug rash due to allergic reactions, side effects or skin’s sensitivity to sunlight after taking certain medicals. Common drugs that can cause rashes on arms and legs include anti-seizure medications, antibiotics, or diuretics. Usually, this kind of rash will fade away within one week when taking a new medication, or after several days of stopping take such medications.
2. Bug Bites
Usually, people are bitten by ticks or fleas. If you have rashes after bug bites, you should be concerned about the possibility of transmitting diseases.
3. Causes of Rash on Children
Rash on arms and legs of children can be seen due to various factors like:
- Chicken pox caused by a virus leading to very itchy blisters
- Measles, which is a respiratory infection
- Scarlet fever caused by streptococcal infection and requires antibiotics
- Hand, foot and mouth disease, which causes red lesions
- Fifth disease, which causes a red and flat rash on the face, legs and upper arms
- Kawasaki disease, an autoimmune disorder that affects blood vessels, while giving out a rash
- Impetigo causes red and wet sores and is caused by bacteria
4. Allergic Reactions
6. Swimmer’s Itch
7. Contact Dermatitis
Eczema is commonly seen in people with allergies or asthma. It is characterized by reddish or itchy rash and has a scaly texture.
8. Other Skin Conditions
Psoriasis: It is seen usually on the scalp and on joints and is characterized by an itchy, scaly red rash.
8. When to Worry
Importance Of Eczema Treatment
There is growing evidence that allergens introduced into the body through the skin can lead to the later development of food allergy, asthma and hay fever. Aggressively treating eczema in children and taking steps to restore normal skin barrier function may lower the risk of future development of these conditions.
Don’t Miss: Eczema On Dark Skin Babies
Rash On Arm Causes: Itchy Red Treatments And Remedies
When do you have an arm rash? You get an arm rash if there is a change in texture, color or appearance in the skin on parts or whole of your arm skin. Rashes can be presented in varying ways such as raised patches, scaling formation of bumps. Your arm skin can also get damaged with cracks or develop a characteristic dry skin.
Why Is Your Skin Itchy
Itching, also known as pruritus, is a common symptom that everyone will experience at some point. Itching occurs when itch-specific nerves in your skin are stimulated and then transmit this information through the spinal cord to your brain.
Some conditions can cause the whole body to itch, while others only affect certain areas, like the arms.
Also Check: Does Eczema Move Around The Body
Signs Of An Infection
Occasionally, areas of skin affected by atopic eczema can become infected. Signs of an infection can include:
- your eczema getting a lot worse
- fluid oozing from the skin
- a yellow crust on the skin surface or small yellowish-white spots appearing in the eczema
- the skin becoming swollen and sore
- feeling hot and shivery and generally feeling unwell
See a doctor as soon as possible if you think your or your child’s skin may have become infected.
Page last reviewed: 05 December 2019 Next review due: 05 December 2022
About Skin Rashes In Children
Childhood rashes are common and aren’t usually a cause for concern. Most rashes are harmless and disappear without the need for treatment.
However, see your GP if your child has a rash and seems unwell, or if you’re worried. They’ll be able to investigate the cause and recommend any necessary treatment.
This page may give you a better idea about what could be causing the rash, but don’t use this to self-diagnose your child’s condition always see a GP for a proper diagnosis.
The most common causes of rashes in children are:
Although meningitis has become less common over recent years, it’s important to be aware of the rash and the other signs and symptoms of meningitis.
Read Also: Which Is Worse Psoriasis Or Eczema
Living With Keratosis Pilaris
Here are some tips to help improve the appearance of your skin:
- Wash your skin gently. Avoid scrubbing the affected area. Use warm water and a mild soap . Avoid deodorant or soaps with a strong fragrance. The perfumes used in these products can dry out your skin.
- Pat dry your skin after showering or bathing.
- Use a moisturizer after every shower or bath. Apply it within 5 minutes of getting out, while your skin is still damp.
- Apply moisturizer 2 to 3 times a day. Moisturizers that contain urea are especially helpful because they soften dry, rough skin.
- Use a humidifier to increase the humidity of your environment.
Symptoms Of Discoid Eczema
Discoid eczema causes distinctive circular or oval patches of eczema. It can affect any part of the body, although it does not usually affect the face or scalp.
The first sign of discoid eczema is usually a group of small spots or bumps on the skin. These then quickly join up to form larger patches that can range from a few millimetres to several centimetres in size.
On lighter skin these patches will be pink or red. On darker skin these patches can be a dark brown or they can be paler than the skin around them.
Initially, these patches are often swollen, blistered and ooze fluid. They also tend to be very itchy, particularly at night.
Over time, the patches may become dry, crusty, cracked and flaky. The centre of the patch also sometimes clears, leaving a ring of discoloured skin that can be mistaken for ringworm.
You may just have 1 patch of discoid eczema, but most people get several patches. The skin between the patches is often dry.
Patches of discoid eczema can sometimes become infected. Signs of an infection can include:
- the patches oozing a lot of fluid
- a yellow crust developing over the patches
- the skin around the patches becoming hot, swollen and tender or painful
- feeling sick
- feeling unwell
Also Check: Eczema On Hands And Feet Blisters
Gluten Intolerance And Pimples On The Upper Arms
13 September, 2020
We keep hearing more and more about the connection between gluten intolerance and pimples on the upper arms. Its a disorder that, while not serious like celiac disease, also affects different parts of the body when people consume foods containing this protein.
However, in this article, wed like to talk to you about the relationship between gluten intolerance and pimples on the arms that appear without any apparent cause.
What You Can Expect During An Appointment Exploring The Type And Cause Of A Rash
Your doctor will look at the rash, and ask you about:
- When the rash started and how its progressed
- Your medical history
- What products or medications you have recently started using
- Your hygiene
While only a medical professional can diagnose the cause of your rash, hopefully, you now have more information about whats causing you to itch.
Remember, the top online doctors at PlushCare are available for same day appointments and can treat your rash without you needing to leave home.
Read Also: California Baby Eczema Cream Target
Can Atopic Dermatitis Cause Hair Loss
Atopic dermatitis can occur anywhere on the body, but another type of eczema called seborrheic dermatitis has a tendency to develop anywhere you have larger sebaceous glands. This includes your face, upper back, groin, and scalp.
Dermatitis is not usually linked to hair loss. But it can happen temporarily as a result of an infection of the scalp caused by eczema, and not the dermatitis itself. Once you get the eczema on your scalp controlled, you should start seeing fewer cases of hair loss.
General Tips For Coping With Eczema
Other tips to manage your eczema include:
- Keep your fingernails short longer nails are more likely to injure your skin when you scratch.
- If the water in your area is hard or alkaline, consider installing a water-softening device.
- Swim in the sea in warm weather whenever you can seawater is known to reduce the symptoms of eczema.
- Use sun exposure for limited periods for example, when swimming at the beach. This can help relieve eczema symptoms. But be aware that ultraviolet radiation is a risk factor for skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin. Also, if sun exposure causes overheating, this can also aggravate eczema.
Read Also: Baby Eczema On Back Of Neck
Itchy Rash Spreading All Over My Body Psoriasis
Online Dermatologist question
Hi I am a 28 years man. At first it was only one rash which is the first picture I sent you, it started about a month and a half ago. Then 2 weeks ago, it just started spreading all over my body. They are small, but itch and leave like a scab if I scratch them. I have been to two doctors which one said it was eczema and the other one could not determine. So far, I have been taking triamcinolone acetonide and ketoconazole as a cream for 4 days now, but the symptoms seem to be getting worse. Please what should I do? Im starting to get really worried about this.
Thank you for sending your case of itchy red rash spreading over the body. Based on the information and images, this is possibly PSORIASIS: Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the skin which can present at any age. Red patches usually with white scales are seen on different skin areas such as elbows, knees, lower legs and/or scalp. Nevertheless, it can appear anywhere on the skin. A variable amount of itching can be experienced or none at all. Sometimes there are more family members with the condition.
I recommend that you see a dermatologist or your family doctor in order to obtain prescriptions. Prescription treatment options include vitamin D-derived creams with or without topical steroids , sun light or medical UV-therapy. In cases that dont respond to this treatment, other systemic alternatives are available.
Medicinal Treatments For Kp
- Steroids Certain steroids can aid hormone production, which can quell KP.
- Anti Inflammatories These medications can decrease swelling associated with KP.
Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute has Greater Reno-Tahoe area locations to assist with KP treatment.
You can also book an appointment to discuss keratosis pilaris treatment with a Skin Cancer & Dermatology Institute provider today.
You May Like: Eczema Flaky Skin On Face
Rash On Arms And Legs Itchy Small Bumps
An itch is often caused by a condition affecting the skin, but it can be a sign of more serious underlying problem. In some cases, it may not be possible to identify a specific cause. An itchy rash on arms and legs could thus mean you have an underlying medical problem. You need to see your health care provide as soon as possible.
When a rash appears on your arms and legs, the skin can become red, swollen and blotchy. It can also appear in the form of spots, which could be pus filled or simply be scaly, flaky or bumpy. A rash can appear anywhere, in any pattern and different extent. Rash on arms and legs could be due to a variety of reasons: be localized or due to a systemic condition.
Aloe Vera with anti-inflammation, emollient, antibacterial and antifungal properties is an excellent choice of treatment. But you need to see your health care provider if the itchiness persists and the rashes do not go away after two days. Applying Olive Oil will help sooth your skin and ease the itching.
Granuloma Annulare Rash On Chest And Back
This type of rash is more common in girls than boys it takes a circular shape with reddish or pinkish color. This type affects both adults and children.
Its still unknown regarding how this rash occurs.
Symptoms and signs of rash
The most obvious symptom of this rash is red circles of pumps on the backs of the forearms, hands or feet. In some cases, more than one circle may be noticed.
Using a skin biopsy, a doctor can easily diagnoses a patient with Granuloma Annular rash.
Unless its for cosmetic grounds, treatment of this type of rash is not a must. Sometimes, steroid creams or ointments are prescribed, so that it helps bumps to disappear. Using liquid nitrogen or injections of steroid into the red circles, some doctors may resort to freezing the circles.
Recommended Reading: What To Do For Eczema On Feet