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Difference Between Eczema And Dry Skin

What Is Drool Rash

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Drool rash is characterized by red, slightly raised patches on a babyâs skin. These patches most commonly appear around a babyâs mouth, chin, and cheeks. They might also be seen on a babyâs chest or in the neck folds. The affected area often looks dry or chapped and might have areas with slightly raised bumps.

Drool rash is accompanied by excessive saliva and may appear as early as 3 months old when a babyâs saliva production increases. You might also notice that your babyâs drool rash develops at the same time they start teething. This is due to the excessive amount of baby drool that comes with new teeth.

Researchers Identify Subtype Of Eczema Tied To Food Allergies

Other studies, though, have had contradictory findings. For example, one study of American children published in August 2016 in the journal Pediatric Allergy and Immunology suggested that a hot and sunny climate combined with high particulate matter and ozone levels actually appears to protect against eczema.

A small Australia-based study, published in March 2019 in the Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, found an association between ultraviolet sunlight exposure in early infancy and lower incidence of eczema by 6 months of age.

The scientists, though, caution against intentionally exposing babies to direct sunlight until researchers better understand this complicated issue.

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Care For Your Skin In The Bath Or Shower

Bathe only with a mild unscented soap, such as Dove, Basis, or Olay. Use a small amount of soap. Keep the water temperature cool or warm, not hot. Soaking in the tub for a short time can be good for your skin. Doing so allows your skins outer layer to absorb water and become less dry. Soak for 15 to 20 minutes. Then use a soft towel to pat your skin dry without rubbing. Immediately after drying, apply a moisturizer to your skin. This helps seal in the moisture.

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Eczema And Dry Skin Symptoms

  • Symptoms: Itchiness , flakiness, redness, and scaliness of the skin, most often affecting areas behind the knees and on the elbows, hands, and feet.

  • Recurrence: Symptoms may flare up, decrease, and then return. The condition is often chronic, though 40% to 70% of pediatric cases resolve by age 6 or 7.

  • Affected populations: While eczema can affect anyone, infants and children represent 85% of cases. It is also more typical in people living in cities or desert climates.

  • Symptoms:Patches of scaly, itchy, flaky, or rough skin. Dry skin may form cracks or become sensitive, stinging, and painful to the touch.

  • Recurrence:Dry skin is generally an acute condition.

  • Affected populations:Anyone is susceptible to dry skin, though the skin’s ability to hydrate wanes with age. People living in colder or dryer climates or who get a lot of sun exposure are also more likely to experience dry skin.

General Tips For Coping With Eczema

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Other tips to manage your eczema include:

  • Keep your fingernails short longer nails are more likely to injure your skin when you scratch.
  • If the water in your area is hard or alkaline, consider installing a water-softening device.
  • Swim in the sea in warm weather whenever you can seawater is known to reduce the symptoms of eczema.
  • Use sun exposure for limited periods for example, when swimming at the beach. This can help relieve eczema symptoms. But be aware that ultraviolet radiation is a risk factor for skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin. Also, if sun exposure causes overheating, this can also aggravate eczema.

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How Is Eczema Diagnosed What Tests Are Done

Your healthcare provider will take a close look at your skin. They will look for classic signs of eczema such as a redness and dryness. They will ask about the symptoms youre experiencing.

Usually your healthcare provider will be able to diagnose eczema based on examining your skin. However, when there is doubt, they may perform the following tests:

  • An allergy skin test.
  • Blood tests to check for causes of the rash that might be unrelated to dermatitis.
  • A skin biopsy to distinguish one type of dermatitis from another.

What Else Is Happening At Johns Hopkins Today

We go out of our way to provide the comprehensive care our patients with eczema need. On a case-by-case basis, we communicate with one another whether in allergy, dermatology, psychology or infectious disease to put together the best course of treatment for each child.We are optimistic that future therapies and approaches to care for those with even severe eczema are going to be greatly improved with more research and that the creation of the Eczema Day Treatment Unit will help us conduct cutting edge research and answer questions we face every day seeing and treating patients.

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What Are The Symptoms Of A Fungal Skin Infection Vs Eczema

Fungal Skin Infection Symptoms

Signs and symptoms of a candidal infection can vary depending on the location of the infection.

  • In infants and adults, a candidal infection can appear many different ways.
  • Candidal organisms naturally live on the skin, but a breakdown of the outer layers of the skin promotes the yeast’s overgrowth. This typically occurs when the environment is warm and moist, such as in diaper areas and skin folds. Superficial candidal skin infections appear as a red flat rash with sharp, scalloped edges. Smaller patches of similar-appearing rash, known as “satellite lesions” or “satellite pustules,” are usually nearby. These rashes may be hot, itchy, or painful.
  • Intertrigo appears as softened red skin in body fold areas.
  • Candidal paronychia appears as nail fold swelling.
  • Mucocutaneous candidiasis appears with nail abnormalities.
  • Erosio interdigitalis blastomycetica occurs in the finger webs.
  • Diaper rash or other candidal infections on the skin can be treated with antifungal creams and lotions such as clotrimazole.
  • If the rash worsens at any time or if the lesions do not clear up in one to two weeks, call a doctor.
  • Fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, or the rash spreading to other parts of the body may be a sign of a more serious illness.
  • Eczema Symptoms

    Medical professionals sometimes refer to eczema as “the itch that rashes.”

    Other Types Of Eczema

    What is the difference between dry skin conditions and eczema?

    Eczema is the name for a group of skin conditions that cause dry, irritated skin.

    Other types of eczema include:

    • discoid eczema a type of eczema that occurs in circular or oval patches on the skin
    • contact dermatitis a type of eczema that occurs when the body comes into contact with a particular substance
    • varicose eczema a type of eczema that most often affects the lower legs and is caused by problems with the flow of blood through the leg veins
    • seborrhoeic eczema a type of eczema where red, scaly patches develop on the sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears and scalp
    • dyshidrotic eczema a type of eczema that causes tiny blisters to erupt across the palms of the hands

    Page last reviewed: 05 December 2019 Next review due: 05 December 2022

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    Wear Gloves To Protect The Skin On Your Hands

    Wear vinyl or plastic gloves for work that requires you to have your hands in water. Also, wear gloves when your hands are exposed to anything that can irritate your skin. Wear cotton gloves under plastic gloves to soak up sweat from your hands. Take occasional breaks and remove your gloves. This will prevent a buildup of sweat inside your gloves.

    Wear gloves when you go outside during the winter. Cold air and low humidity can dry your skin. Dryness can make your eczema worse. Wear clothes made of cotton or a cotton blend. Wool and some synthetic fabrics can irritate your skin.

    How To Address Dry Skin

    For a client with dry skin, the estheticians main objective is to hydrate and moisturize the skin with alginate based masks, as they help to seal in moisture. Its also important to use a gentle form of exfoliation to remove the dry skin cells and help prevent them from accumulating on the surface. Massage can be very effective in helping to stimulate skin circulation. For super dry, sun damaged skin, galvanic current or Viennese massage is beneficial.

    Professional skin care treatments based on seaweed can help dry skin, including the Repêchage® Hydra Dew® Express Lift Moisture Mask. Codium fragile seaweed helps to provide moisturization, while waterlily, Palmitoyl Proline, and calming Willow Herb extracts help to instantly soothe the appearance of the skin. Essential Fatty Acids of Sunflower, Sesame and Almond work to help to moisturize the skin. In addition, acetyl hexpeptide-8 helps skin appear more firm, while Bearberry helps to reduce the appearance of uneven skin tone for a brighter looking complexion.

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    Whats Making Your Skin Act Up

    It can be triggered by cold weather, stress, infections and illness, Yu said. And in most people, it affects more than the skin, since its been shown to be associated with depression, insomnia and other medical conditions.

    The good news is that there are things you can do to help. Youll need to start by paying attention to everything that might affect your skin.

    We need to do some careful questioning to look for irritants that can damage the skin barrier and even cause irritation, said Peter Lio, a dermatologist and clinical assistant professor of dermatology and pediatrics at Northwestern Universitys Feinberg School of Medicine. In addition to other factors, you might also consider things like frequent washing, the use of hand sanitizers and certain chemicals you might be exposed to at work or home.

    When To See A Dermatologist


    If you have extremely dry, painful hands and using moisturizer throughout the day fails to bring relief, you may have hand eczema. Without treatment and preventive measures, hand eczema tends to worsen.

    Seeing a dermatologist can relieve hand eczema before it worsens.

    * This patients story appeared in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. For this article, the patient was given a fictitious name.

    ImagesImage 1: Image used with permission of the American Academy of Dermatologys National Library of Dermatologic Teaching Slides.

    Image 2: Image used with permission of the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

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    Where They Show Up

    Eczema often appears on parts of your body that bend, like your inner elbow or behind your knees. You can have it on your neck, wrists, and ankles. Babies sometimes get it on their chin, cheeks, scalp, chest, back, arms, and legs.

    Psoriasis often shows up on places like your:

    You may also have patches on other areas, such as:

    • Fingernails and toenails

    Eczema usually results from things that irritate your skin, like:

    • Juices from produce or meats

    Things that cause allergies can also set off eczema, like:

    Infections can start up eczema, and so can stress, sweating, heat, humidity, and changes in your hormones.

    Psoriasis shares some of these triggers, like stress and infection. But you can also get flare-ups when your skin is injured, for example by:

    Some medications can also bring on a psoriasis flare, like lithium, which treats bipolar disorder, or drugs for malaria.

    What Is Psoriasis

    Similar to eczema, psoriasis can often show up as dry, itchy, flaky skin. This similarity can make it hard to distinguish between dry skin and psoriasis. However, unlike the former, psoriasis is a chronic skin condition caused by internal factors, rather than external triggers.

    Psoriasis is an autoimmune condition where the body begins attacking healthy cells. This causes the formation of red, scaly, irritated patches of skin that characterize psoriasis.

    Furthermore, psoriasis has a few distinct signs and symptoms to look out for, including:

    • Dry, irritated skin with silvery scales
    • Thickened patches of skin
    • Thickened, pitted, or ridged nails and nail beds
    • Swollen or stiff joints
    • Burning and soreness

    An incredibly important reason to get a professional psoriasis diagnosis is that this chronic condition can cause long-term health issues, including psoriatic arthritis, sleep problems, and mental health issues.

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    How Is It Treated

    Because there is not yet a cure for eczema, our treatment goals are to reduce itching and skin inflammation, and to prevent infection. The best treatment for eczema is a proactive one, using gentle skin care and moisturizers to re-establish the skin barrier.

    Infants and older childrens skin should be kept well moisturized, and washed with fragrance-free non-soap cleansers. We also recommend a fragrance-free ointment-based moisturizer, with petrolatum as either the only or the first ingredient. In young children and infants, it is reasonable to use an over-the-counter topical hydrocortisone ointment, which is a mild topical steroid, for up to a week.

    But if the rash either persists or you find that you need to use the hydrocortisone more than one week out of the month, you should discuss further use with your childs pediatrician. You can apply the ointment, as prescribed, then a coat of petrolatum-based moisturizer, to help keep in the moisture.

    If your childs skin does not respond well to any of these measures or becomes infected, contact your pediatrician, who can diagnose the condition and then prescribe another topical cream or antihistamine.

    What Causes Eczema In Infants And Children

    Eczema vs. Psoriasis- What Your Skin May Be Telling You About Your Health

    Eczema is brought about by the complex interplay of a genetic predisposition and the childs environment. Many things from the climate to possible allergens can cause eczema to flare. We know that eczema tends to run in the families with a predisposition to other atopic diseases, such as food allergies, asthma and hay fever. Individuals with atopic dermatitis may lack certain proteins in the skin, which leads to greater sensitivity. Parents with eczema are more likely to have children with eczema. However, the exact way it passes from parents to children is still not known. Most children who have eczema will show signs of the condition in the first year of life. It tends to wax and wane in severity.

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    How To Tell The Difference Between Dry Skin And Eczema

    Many people with dry skin have trouble distinguishing between a patch of dry skin and an eczema flare. While it typically occurs in people with dry skin, its a distinct condition that requires specific treatment. By understanding the difference, you can more effectively receive the care that you need to regain hydrated, healthy skin.

    Causes Of Atopic Eczema

    The exact cause of atopic eczema is unknown, but it’s clear it is not down to one single thing.

    Atopic eczema often occurs in people who get allergies. “Atopic” means sensitivity to allergens.

    It can run in families, and often develops alongside other conditions, such as asthma and hay fever.

    The symptoms of atopic eczema often have certain triggers, such as soaps, detergents, stress and the weather.

    Sometimes food allergies can play a part, especially in young children with severe eczema.

    You may be asked to keep a food diary to try to determine whether a specific food makes your symptoms worse.

    Allergy tests are not usually needed, although they’re sometimes helpful in identifying whether a food allergy may be triggering symptoms.

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    More Than A Dry Spell

    Read Time: 3 minutes

    For some, dry skin can be caused by harsh weather, soaps, or even water. This is nothing a little moisturizer cant fix. But for others, dry skin could be the result of a more severe condition. Eczema and psoriasis are the main culprits. Each condition has specific characteristics and needs special care. So how can one tell the difference?

    Triggers Of Eczema Flare

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    • Soaps. Never use bubble bath. It can cause a major flare-up.
    • Pollens. Keep your child from lying on the grass during grass pollen season.
    • Animals. Avoid any animals that make the rash worse.
    • Foods. If certain foods cause severe itching , avoid them.
    • Wool. Avoid wool fibers and clothes made of other scratchy, rough materials.
    • Dry Air. Use a humidifier if the air in your home is dry.
    • Herpes Virus Infection . Keep your child away from anyone with fever blisters . The herpes virus can cause a serious skin infection in children with eczema.
    • Eczema is not caused by laundry soap you use to wash clothing.

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    How Do You Treat Eczema

    If you do indeed have eczema, your doctor can advise you about which anti-itch cream might be right for you. It could be a prescription corticosteroid cream to combat inflammation, or it might be an over-the-counter hydrocortisone cream to do the same, according to the Mayo Clinic. Depending on the type of eczema you have, your doctor might also prescribe an antibiotic to treat any bacterial infections that might have occurred from scratching or blistering. If you have stasis dermatitis, your doctor might also suggest wearing compression tights to improve circulation, along with some of the aforementioned treatments to help manage other symptoms, SELF previously reported.

    What Is The Treatment For A Fungal Skin Infection Vs Eczema

    Fungal Skin Infection Treatment

    A wide array of treatment options are available to treat candidiasis. Options include creams, lotions, ointments, tablets or capsules, troches , and creams. Talk to a doctor to find the option that is right for you.

    Medications used to treat yeast infections generally fall into two main categories.

    • Azole medications are a family of antifungal drugs that end in the suffix “-azole.” They block the manufacture of ergosterol, a crucial material of the yeast cell wall. Without ergosterol, the yeast cell wall becomes leaky and the yeast dies. Because ergosterol is not a component of human membranes, azoles do not harm human cells.
    • Polyene antifungal medications include nystatin and amphotericin B. Nystatin is used for thrush and superficial candidal infections. Doctors reserve amphotericin B for more serious systemic fungal infections. The antifungals work by attaching to the yeast cell wall building material, ergosterol. These medications then form artificial holes in the yeast wall that cause the yeast to leak and die.

    Eczema Treatment

    Removing exacerbating factors is a good place to start when managing eczema at home. This may be as simple as changing the laundry detergent to one that is fragrance-free or as difficult as moving to a new climate or changing jobs.

    Avoid wearing tight-fitting, rough, or scratchy clothing.

    Anything that causes sweating can irritate the rash. Avoid strenuous exercise during a flare.

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