What Are The Treatment Options
Although there is no cure for eczema, a person can ease symptoms with various treatment options.
Topical steroids can fight the inflammation that stimulates eczema, but they can cause thinning of the skin and immune system complications. Doctors may also prescribe topical antibiotics, anti-inflammatory medication, or skin barrier creams.
In people with severe eczema, doctors may recommend oral prednisone, a synthetic steroid. However, in most cases, when a person stops taking this drug, symptoms return, potentially worse than before.
Occasionally, healthcare professionals may prescribe immunosuppressants to dampen the immune systems response to allergens that can trigger certain types of eczema. These drugs include cyclosporin and methotrexate, but they may cause side effects.
Finally, a recent suggests a new drug called etokimab may be effective in improving the symptoms of atopic dermatitis.
Eczema Symptoms & Signs
Eczema is an inflammatory condition of the skin that is very common. There are different types of eczema, including atopic dermatitis, contact eczema, neurodermatitis, allergic contact eczema, and others.
Symptoms, signs, and severity can depend upon the exact type of eczema that is present. The location of the skin inflammation also varies according to the type and cause of eczema. Signs and symptoms associated with eczema include patches of chronically itchy, dry, thickened skin, usually on the hands, neck, face, and legs, inner creases of the knees and elbows. If the irritated areas are scratched, dry patches of skin and open sores with crusts may develop and may become infected.
Almost all patients with eczema complain of itching. Since the appearance of most types of eczema is similar, elevated plaques of red, bumpy skin, the distribution of the eruption can be of great help in distinguishing one type from another. For example, stasis dermatitis occurs most often on the lower leg while atopic dermatitis occurs in the front of the elbow and behind the knee.
How Is Atopic Dermatitis Diagnosed
Your healthcare provider will ask about your health history and if you have allergies or asthma. He or she will also ask about any family history of dermatitis, allergies, or asthma.
A healthcare provider can often make a diagnosis by examining your skin. You may also have a patch test. This is a test to find allergies. Small amounts of allergens are placed on the skin. Then the skin is watched for a response. A skin biopsy may also be done to rule out other causes of the rash.
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Types Of Facial Eczema
Eczema is actually a term for a group of conditions that cause itchy, red, and inflamed skin rashes. The types of eczema that are most likely to appear on the face are:
- Atopic dermatitis: This is the most common type of eczema overall. It is very common on the cheeks and chin, especially in infants. It can also appear around the eyes, on the eyelids, and around the lips. It can, however, occur anywhere on the face or the rest of the body.
- Contact dermatitis: This is also a common type of eczema. It is a skin reaction to a specific irritant. On the face, it is usually found around the eyes, the hairline, and in areas that contact perfumes and jewelry, like the neck and earlobes. But, like atopic dermatitis, this type of eczema can occur anywhere.
- Seborrheic dermatitis: This type most often occurs around the hairline, in the eyebrows, around the ears, and on the sides of the nose.
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Remove The Bacteria Crusts
Many people tend to mix up normal crusts with bacteria crusts. So let me tell you the biggest difference.
A normal crust is called an eschar, and it is hardened, flat and doesnt have much weeping. Much like the ones you got when you were young and accidentally scraped your knee.
A bacteria crust, however, is weeping to the touch, is full of yellow or milky substance, puffy, and sometimes red. These are the signs of bacteria colonization!
Bacterial crusts are like the bacterias houses, and should always be removed with a gentle soap or cleanser like saline solution.
When To Call Your Doctor About Eczema
No matter what type of eczema you might have, schedule a visit if:
- You get an itchy rash and have a family history of eczema or asthma.
- The inflammation doesn’t respond within a week to treatment with over-the-counter hydrocortisone creams. You may need stronger forms of treatment.
- You get yellowish to light brown crust or pus-filled blisters over patches of eczema, especially if youâve been scratching. You could have a bacterial infection that should be treated with an antibiotic. In fact, youâre also more likely to get viral and fungal skin infections.
- During a flare-up of eczema, you have contact with anyone with a viral skin disease such as cold sores or genital herpes. Having eczema puts you at higher risk of catching the herpes simplex virus.
- You get many painful, small, fluid-filled blisters in the areas of eczema. You may have eczema herpeticum, a rare but potentially serious complication caused by the herpes simplex virus.
Whats The Difference Between Weeping Eczema And Impetigo
Impetigo and weeping eczema are both skin conditions. While eczema is a type of dermatitis, impetigo is an infection of the skin. With impetigo, blisters and sores usually develop on the nose and mouth. Weeping eczema can occur anywhere on the body and is sometimes accompanied by red or purple blisters that ooze or weep clear- to straw-colored fluid.
Occasionally, areas affected by eczema can become infected and ooze pus-colored fluid. When this happens, a different type of treatment is usually needed.
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Clear Liquid Pimple: Reason Of Formation And How To Treat It
A pimple oozing clear liquid is also normally accompanied by solidified sebum, dirt and other impurities, same description, Expect your pain to subside each day.Estimated Reading Time: 7 minsThese types of spots tend to show up on areas of your body where you get the most sun, and soreness, itching, sometimes yellow liquid and scab or bleed, They might be right in some cases but not all, Form a blister within 3 to 6 hours where we applied the liquid nitrogen.I have found that if I take some lye soap and dab it on the dumps in the evening, fluid-filled sacks on the skin and look very similar to friction blisters, The blister may last for a period of 1 to 2 weeks, abrasions, Signs of infection may include: blisters or pus on the skin skin that weeps aAuthor: Julie MarksThe liquid nitrogen instantly freezes the growth and a small area of surrounding skin tissue, blood blisters contain a red fluid.
Home Remedies For Weeping Eczema
Certain methods, like using bandages to wrap skin and keep it moisturized and protected, should not be used if you have an infection unless your doctor tells you otherwise.
Some people report improved symptoms with other approaches, such as:
- Antiseptic emollients. Your doctor may recommend these products to help hydrate your skin and protect it from bacteria.
- Stress management exercises.
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General Tips For Coping With Eczema
Other tips to manage your eczema include:
- Keep your fingernails short longer nails are more likely to injure your skin when you scratch.
- If the water in your area is hard or alkaline, consider installing a water-softening device.
- Swim in the sea in warm weather whenever you can seawater is known to reduce the symptoms of eczema.
- Use sun exposure for limited periods for example, when swimming at the beach. This can help relieve eczema symptoms. But be aware that ultraviolet radiation is a risk factor for skin cancer and premature ageing of the skin. Also, if sun exposure causes overheating, this can also aggravate eczema.
What Is Usually The First Sign Of Atopic Dermatitis
Among the first signs of atopic dermatitis is a dry, itchy rash on the skin, sometimes with small bumps. On white skin eczema typically looks red, while in skin of color it tends to look darker brown, purple, or ashen gray. The skin may also be dry and cracked, and it may thicken over time as it tries to regenerate itself. Some people with eczema have oozy and blistering, inflamed skin.
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Are There Home Remedies For Weeping Eczema
Because weeping eczema is infection-related, the only thing that will clear it up completely is prescription medication. However, there are some things you can do at home to ease your symptoms. Weeping eczema home remedies include:
- Probiotics: Research suggests that topical probiotics may help reduce the severity of eczema symptoms.
- Natural oils: Coconut oil, olive oil and sunflower seed oil all protect and restore the skin. They also help reduce inflammation.
- Vitamins and supplements: Fatty acids such as black currant seed and evening primrose are known for their anti-inflammatory properties. Vitamin D and Vitamin B12 can also help improve common eczema symptoms.
- Colloidal oatmeal bath: This remedy helps soothe and relieve dry, itchy skin caused by eczema.
- Diluted bleach bath: Adding a very small amount of bleach to your bathwater can help kill bacteria on your skin. In turn, this can reduce redness, itching and scaling. When properly diluted and used sparingly, bleach baths are safe. Talk to your healthcare provider before incorporating bleach baths into your regimen.
How Can I Tell My Child Has A Skin Infection
A skin infection can look a lot like eczema. Both cause swollen, itchy skin that can ooze fluid and form crusts. By looking closely at your childs skin, you can find signs of a skin infection.
Youll want to look for:
Yellowish-orange or honey-colored crusts, often on top of eczema.
Pus-filled blisters, especially on top of eczema.
Sores that look like cold sores or fever blisters.
Reddish, swollen bumps on skin.
Streaks or redness spreading on skin.
Youll also want to check your child for:
Swollen tonsils and other lymph nodes
Infection or eczema?
A skin infection can look a lot like eczema. Looking for some common signs can help you spot a skin infection.
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Can Eczema Be Prevented
Depending on the cause of eczema, it may be possible to prevent a flareup. For example, people can avoid irritants and allergens that may trigger the condition. Children may find that following a specific diet helps them prevent inflammation and eczema.
There is some evidence to support the use of probiotics to prevent eczema, although further studies are needed. A review states that bathing in a diluted bleach bath can kill bacteria on the skins surface, improve eczema symptoms, and reduce flareups. However, this report also suggests that more investigations are needed.
How Is Eczema Treated
If youre diagnosed with eczema, your doctor might:
- prescribe medicines to put on the skin that soothe the redness and irritation, such as creams or ointments that contain corticosteroids
- recommend other medicines to take by mouth if the eczema is really bad or you get it a lot
If someone has severe eczema, ultraviolet light therapy can help clear up the condition. Newer medicines that change the way the skins immune system reacts also may help.
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Living With Eczema And Atopic Dermatitis
Eczema can flare up when you are under stress. Learn how to recognize and cope with stress. Stress reduction techniques can help. Changing your activities to reduce daily stress can also be helpful.
The area where you had the eczema may easily get irritated again, so it needs special care. Continue to follow the tips provided here even after your skin has healed.
How To Use Topical Corticosteroids
When using corticosteroids, apply the treatment accurately to the affected areas. Unless instructed otherwise by a doctor, follow the patient information leaflet that comes with the medicine.
Do not apply the corticosteroid more than twice a day. Most people only have to apply it once a day.
To apply the topical corticosteroid, take the following steps:
Speak to your prescriber if you’ve been using a topical corticosteroid and your symptoms have not improved.
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When To See A Doctor
Before moving further, bear in mind that simple staph colonization is not the same as a staph infection.
Small areas of weeping eczema from colonization can usually be treated at home, and will probably benefit from the tips in this article, however if you have large eczema areas that are severely covered with Staph A, then its important to check with your doctor to rule out any complications such as a Staph infection.
Some signs you have staph infection:
You have on and off fevers You have large eczema lesions with blood and/or yellow pus It is painful to stand or walk Chills and shivers The weeping goes away for a while, but then comes back, over and over
If the infection is serious, your doctor may suggest taking an oral antibiotic. If its not so serious, an antibiotic cream might be recommended to kill the Staph bacteria.
Of course, if you have weeping eczema, PLEASE consult your doctor immediately! Especially if you have signs of an infection like a high fever or chills.
What Is Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a long-term skin disorder. It causes dry, itchy, scaly patches. These are often on the face and the head in babies. Its most common in infants or very young children. Most will show signs of the condition in the first year of life. Symptoms may last until the teens or adulthood. It rarely starts in adulthood. It is not contagious.
Atopic dermatitis tends to run in families. This suggests a genetic link. Its also linked to asthma and allergies. These are immune hypersensitivity disorders.
Treatment for this condition is aimed at calming the skin inflammation, decreasing the itching, and preventing infections. Good skin care and medicine to control itching and infection are used.
This condition is a type of eczema. Eczema is a general term that includes conditions that make the skin red, itchy, and inflamed. Atopic dermatitis is the most common type of eczema. So it is often called eczema.
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What Is Scalp Eczema
Irritation on your scalp may be a sign of eczema. Eczema, also called dermatitis, is the name for a group of conditions that cause the skin to become itchy, inflamed, or have a rash-like appearance.
This condition affects your skin, and there are several types that may affect your scalp. Symptoms vary based on the type you have. Some will disappear with treatment, while others are chronic and require long-term observation and management.
Speak with a doctor to confirm the cause of your eczema as well as to rule out other conditions that may be causing the symptoms.
Keep reading to learn more about what may be causing your eczema and how to find relief.
There are different types of dermatitis that may appear on your scalp. These are seborrheic, atopic, and contact.
What Is Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis is a reaction that happens after your skin comes in contact with certain substances.
Skin irritants cause most contact dermatitis reactions. Other cases are caused by allergens, which trigger an allergic response. The reaction may not start until 24 to 48 hours after exposure. Contact dermatitis happens from direct contact with the offending agent. .
Contact dermatitis most commonly affects adults, but it can affect people of all ages.
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What Is Weeping Eczema
Weeping eczema is referred to a condition where the symptoms of eczema are severe and result in a bacterial infection. You may experience it when the affected area has been scratched to an extent that it gets infected, usually by Staphylococcus bacteria.
As a consequence, the pus-filled blisters oozes out to produce a golden color fluid that forms a crusty layer on the skin, when it dries.
Types : Primary and Secondary
Primary types refer to the blistering types of eczema, such as dyshidrotic eczema, nummular eczema or discoid eczema. These can vary from just one or two blisters, or small crops of more than three. These look like blisters and contain a clear fluid.
If we scratch the skin, then fluid can ooze through our skin, which is where the primary term weeping eczema comes from.
Secondary types refer to the weeping caused by a secondary problem, and is often confused with primary types. The main difference between the two is that secondary happens after your initial breakout, in response to outside bacteria or foreign items.
Secondary types can occur over large areas of the body, or over areas of previously dry eczema. Secondary types contain milky or yellow fluid.
How is Staphylococcus being unfriendly to the skin?
Despite being a skin friendly bacteria, Staphylococcus can be a threat to those with impaired skin barriers.The bacterium thrives on the surface of your skin and causes complications, once they penetrate the barrier of the dermis.
- Inflammation of the skin
What Is Oozing Eczema
- First stage: redness appears
- Second stage: the redness is covered with microvesicles usually invisible to the naked eye
- Third stage: the microvesicles break and release their transparent liquid, this is the oozing eczema
- Fourth stage: the eczema plaque becomes crusty and then the skin returns to its normal appearance.
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